appendicular skeleton

Download Appendicular Skeleton

Post on 02-Nov-2014

15 views

Category:

Health & Medicine

6 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

 

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. The Appendicular Skeleton

2. Overview
Clavicle
Clavicle
Pectoral
girdle
Scapula
Scapula
Humerus
Hip bone
Pelvis
Sacrum
Ulna
Radius
Carpus
Metacarpal
bones
Phalanges
Femur
Patella
Fibula
Tibia
Metatarsal bones
Tarsus
Phalanges
(a) Anterior view
(b) Posterior view
3. Clavicle
Sternal
end
Acromial
end
Conoid tubercle
(a) Superior view
Conoid tubercle
Sternal
end
Acromial
end
(b) Inferior view
4. Scapula
Superior
border
Superior angle
Suprascapular
notch
Acromion
Acromion
Supraspinous
fossa
Coracoid
process
Lateral
angle
Glenoid
cavity
Spine
Subscapular
fossa
Infraspinous
fossa
Lateral
border
Medial
border
Inferior angle
(a) Anterior view
(b) Posterior view
5. Humerus
Greater
tubercle
Greater
tubercle
Head
Lesser
tubercle
Anatomical
neck
Surgical
neck
Intertubercular
sulcus
Nutrient
foramen
Deltoid
tuberosity
Deltoid
tuberosity
Coronoid
fossa
Radial
fossa
Medial
supracondylar
ridge
Lateral
supracondylar
ridge
Lateral
epicondyle
Medial
epicondyle
Lateral
epicondyle
Capitulum
Olecranon
fossa
Trochlea
(a) Anterior view
(b) Posterior view
6. Shoulder Joint
Acromioclavicular
joint
Acromion of scapula
Clavicle
Head of humerus
Coracobrachialis
muscle
Deltoid muscle
(cut and folded back)
Pectoralis major
muscle
Biceps brachii muscle:
Short head
Long head
(a) Anterior dissection
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Timothy L. Vacula, photographer
7. Radius and Ulna
Olecranon
Olecranon
Trochlear notch
Radial notch
of ulna
Head of
radius
Head of
radius
Coronoid process
Neck of
radius
Neck of
radius
Ulnar tuberosity
Radial
tuberosity
Ulna
Radius
Interosseous
borders
Interosseous
membrane
Ulnar notch
of radius
Head of ulna
Styloid process
Styloid
process
Styloid
process
Articular facets
(a) Anterior view
(b) Posterior view
8. Bones of the Hand
Distal phalanx II
Key to carpal bones
Distal row
Middle phalanx II
Proximal row
Proximal phalanx II
Distal
phalanx I
II
III
IV
Head
V
Phalanges
Body
Proximal
phalanx I
Base
I
Head
Body
First
metacarpal
Metacarpal
bones
Base
Hamulus of hamate
Trapezoid
Hamate
Trapezium
Carpal
bones
Pisiform
Carpal
bones
Capitate
Triquetrum
Scaphoid
Lunate
(a) Anterior view
9. Coxal Bones
Iliac
crest
Iliac
fossa
Base of
sacrum
Ilium
Sacroiliac joint
Anterior
superior
iliac spine
Pelvic surface
of sacrum
Anterior inferior
iliac spine
Pelvic inlet
Spine
Coccyx
Acetabulum
Ischium
Body
Interpubic
disc
Ramus
Obturator
foramen
Superior ramus
Pubis
Inferior ramus
Body
Pubic symphysis
(a) Anterosuperior view
10. Lateral View
Ilium
Ischium
Pubis
Iliac crest
Anterior gluteal
line
Inferior gluteal
line
Anterior superior
iliac spine
Posterior gluteal
line
Posterior superior
iliac spine
Posterior inferior
iliac spine
Anterior inferior
iliac spine
Greater sciatic notch
Body of ilium
Acetabulum
Superior ramus
of pubis
Ischial spine
Body of pubis
Lesser sciatic notch
Inferior ramus
of pubis
Body of ischium
Obturator foramen
Ischial tuberosity
Ramus of ischium
(a) Lateral view
11. Medial View
Iliac crest
Iliac fossa
Anterior superior
iliac spine
Posterior superior
iliac spine
Arcuate line
Auricular surface
Anterior inferior
iliac spine
Posterior inferior
iliac spine
Greater sciatic notch
Ischial spine
Pectineal line
Location of
pubic symphysis
Obturator foramen
Ramus of ischium
(b) Medial view
12. Femur
Fovea capitis
Greater trochanter
Greater trochanter
Head
Neck
Intertrochanteric crest
Intertrochanteric line
Lesser trochanter
Longest, heaviest, and strongest bone
Articulates proximally with acetabulum of hip
Articulates distally with tibia and patella
Spiral line
Gluteal tuberosity
Linea aspera
Shaft
Medial supracondylar line
Lateral supracondylar
line
Popliteal surface
Lateral epicondyle
Lateral epicondyle
Medial epicondyle
Patellar surface
Lateral condyle
Intercondylar fossa
Medial condyle
Base of patella
Articular facets
Apex of patella
(b) Posterior view
(a) Anterior view
13. Coxal Joint
Acetabular labrum
Acetabulum
Head of femur
Greater trochanter
Round ligament
Shaft of femur
(a) Anterior dissection
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Timothy L. Vacula, photographer
14. Coxal Joint
Round
ligament (cut)
Fovea
capitis
Acetabulum
Head of
femur
Labrum
Greater
trochanter
Ischial
tuberosity
Femur
Obturator
membrane
Transverse
acetabular
ligament
(b)Lateral view, femur retracted
15. Tibia and Fibula
Intercondylar eminence
Medial
condyle
Lateral condyle
Apex
Head of fibula
Tibial
tuberosity
Proximal tibiofibular
joint
Interosseous
membrane
Lateral surface
Anterior crest
Tibia
Fibula
Distal tibiofibular joint
Medial
malleolus
Lateral malleolus
Lateral malleolus
(b) Posterior view
(a) Anterior view
16. Medial
Lateral
Knee Joint
Femur:
Shaft
Patellar surface
Medial condyle
Lateral condyle
Joint capsule
Joint cavity:
Anterior cruciate
ligament
Medial meniscus
Lateral meniscus
Tibia:
Lateral condyle
Medial condyle
Tuberosity
Patellar ligament
Patella
(posterior surface)
Articular facets
Quadriceps
tendon (reflected)
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Rebecca Gray, photographer/Don Kincaid, dissections
17. Femur
Femur
Medial
condyle
Patellar surface
Anterior cruciate
ligament
Medial condyle
Lateral
condyle
Tibial
collateral
ligament
Posterior cruciate
ligament
Fibular
collateral
ligament
Fibular collateral
ligament
Anterior cruciate
ligament
Medial
meniscus
Lateral meniscus
Lateral
meniscus
Medial meniscus
Articular cartilage
of tibia
Posterior
cruciate
ligament
Tibial collateral
ligament
Transverse
ligament
Patellar ligament
(cut)
Fibula
Fibula
Tibia
Tibia
(b)Posterior view
(a) Anterior view
Quadriceps
femoris
Quadriceps
femoris tendon
Lateral meniscus
Posterior cruciate
ligament
Femur
Suprapatellar
bursa
Bursa under lateral
head of gastrocnemius
Medial meniscus
Prepatellar bursa
Synovial
membrane
Joint capsule
Patella
Articular cartilage
Medial condyle
of tibia
Synovial membrane
Joint cavity
Meniscus
Infrapatellar fat pad
Superficial
infrapatellar bursa
Anterior cruciate
ligament
Lateral condyle
of tibia
Patellar ligament
Tibia
Deep
infrapatellar bursa
(c)Sagittal section
(d)Superior view of tibia and menisci
18. Bones of the Foot
Distal phalanx I
Distal
phalanx V
Proximal phalanx I
Middle
phalanx V
Proximal
phalanx V
Metatarsal
II
I
III
IV
V
Medial cuneiform
Intermediate cuneiform
Lateral cuneiform
Navicular
Cuboid
Talus
Calcaneus
Trochlear surface
of talus
Key to tarsal bones
Distal group
Proximal group
Tuberosity of calcaneus
(a) Superior (dorsal) view