apartheid ppt

of 12/12
South Africa & Apartheid

Post on 17-May-2015

4.504 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

All about Apartheid in South Africa

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. South Africa & Apartheid

2. Cultures Clash

  • TheDutchwere the first Europeans to settle in South Africa.
  • They set up a trade station near theCape of Good Hope .
  • The Europeans who settled in South Africa called themselvesAfrikaners .
  • Eventually, theBritishtook control of most of South Africa.

Afrikaners 3. Cultures Clash

  • The British and the Afrikaners (also known as theBoers ) fought each other for control of South Africa.
  • The British also fought with theZulutribe.
  • The British eventually defeated the Afrikaners and Zulus and declared South Africa anindependentcountry in 1910.

4. The Birth of Apartheid

  • The white-controlled government of South Africa created laws to keeplandandwealthin the hands ofwhites .
  • They created a system calledAPARTHEID , which was designed to separate South African society into groups based onrace :whites ,blacks ,Coloureds , andAsians .

5. Apartheid Takes Hold 6. The Impact of Apartheid

  • It forced blacks to move to poor rural areas calledHOMELANDS .
  • Blacks could notvote .
  • Blacks were kept in low-payingjobs .
  • Blacks were put in poorschools .
  • Blacks had to carryidentification .
  • Separateschools ,restaurants , andhospitalswere created for whites and blacks.

7. The Impact of Apartheid 8. The Impact of Apartheid Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949 prohibited marriages between white people and people of other races. Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950 led to the creation of a national register in which every person's race was recorded. Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of 1959 put an end to black students attending white universities Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950 forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races 9. The Struggle to Defeat Apartheid

  • After many years of protests from black South Africans and pressure from foreign countries, APARTHEID was finally ended by PresidentF.W. de Klerk .
  • In 1994,Nelson Mandela , who had spent 28 years in prison for fighting APARTHEID, was elected president of South Africa during the countrys firstmultiracialelection.

10. The Challenge of Building a New Nation

  • Although some whites supported the ending of legalDISCRIMINATIONin South Africa, many whites resisted the change.
  • Nelson Mandela and the new leaders of South Africa have worked hard to create a new South Africa based onequalityandpeace .

11. The End of Apartheid 12. Issues Facing South Africa Today

  • Although South Africa has a stablegovernmentand one of the strongesteconomiesin Africa, it still faces many issues:
    • economic inequality(whites still control most of wealth)
    • fear of change
    • HIV/AIDS