apartheid dmp

Download Apartheid DMP

Post on 15-Jan-2015

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It is about the racial apartheid system in South Africa

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  • 1. South Africa & Apartheid

2. South Africa 3. Cultures Clash The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in South Africa. They set up a trade station near the Cape of Good Hope. The Europeans who settled in South Africa called themselves Afrikaners. Eventually, the British took control of most of South Africa. 4. Cultures Clash The British and the Afrikaners (also known as the Boers) fought each other for control of South Africa. The British also fought with the Zulu tribe. The British eventually defeated the Afrikaners and Zulus and declared South Africa an independent country in 1910. 5. Before Apartheid England goes to South Africa and Conquer Dutch. Dutch establish Orange Free State and Transvaal (these were free of British rule) Diamonds are found, and British invade and start the Boer War Whites start making Blacks work for them Only towns under British rule, like Cape town, were non racist 6. Before Apartheid (cont.) Blacks needed passports to gain access to white only areas, but they couldnt get into white only areas that gave the passports out. Blacks and whites start fighting over mines (like the Rand rebellion). This was a color bar but eventually transitioned to apartheid 7. The Birth of Apartheid The white-controlled government of South Africa created laws to keep land and wealth in the hands of whites. They created a system called APARTHEID, which was designed to separate South African society into groups based on race: whites, blacks, Coloureds, and Asians. 8. Start of Apartheid Afrikaner National Party starts apartheid to gain more power over the black majority They separated South Africans into Black, White, Colored and Asian groups This was based on appearance, acceptance and decent. 9. Start of Apartheid (cont.) They created homelands to separate blacks from the rest of the country Blacks tried to fight back by boycotting passports, although many were killed or sent to jail in the process These laws stripped blacks of their basic rights like the right to vote and they didnt get good education 10. Apartheid Takes Hold 11. Computers and Apartheid Police and other leaders used computers to keep track of and to control apartheid This made South Africa depend on computers IBM was the biggest supplier of computers to South Africa At the time, South Africa was the third biggest buyer of computers in the world 12. The Impact of Apartheid It forced blacks to move to poor rural areas called HOMELANDS. Blacks could not vote. Blacks were kept in low- paying jobs. Blacks were put in poor schools. Blacks had to carry identification. Separate schools, restaurants, and hospitals were created for whites and blacks. 13. The Impact of Apartheid 14. The Impact of Apartheid Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949 prohibited marriages between white people and people of other races. Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950 led to the creation of a national register in which every person's race was recorded. Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of 1959 put an end to black students attending white universities Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950 forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races 15. Aftermath Nelson Mandela, a former peaceful protester gets elected as president of South Africa Since blacks were stripped of education, there is now a problem of getting them the educations they need 16. Did You Know? During WWI & WWII, blacks were able to get better jobs because the war effort needed extra metal, so there were more jobs in the mines, although after these periods, it went back down to the normal unfairness of apartheid 17. The Struggle to Defeat Apartheid After many years of protests from black South Africans and pressure from foreign countries, APARTHEID was finally ended by President F.W. de Klerk. In 1994, Nelson Mandela, who had spent 28 years in prison for fighting APARTHEID, was elected president of South Africa during the countrys first multiracial election. 18. The Challenge of Building a New Nation Although some whites supported the ending of legal DISCRIMINATION in South Africa, many whites resisted the change. Nelson Mandela and the new leaders of South Africa have worked hard to create a new South Africa based on equality and peace. 19. End of Apartheid Blacks and whites protested by violence, strikes, demonstrations, and sabotage Technology was withdrawn from South Africa Apartheid started to die New leaders who came to power relaxed rules of Apartheid President Frederik Willem de Klerk passed laws to end apartheid 20. The End of Apartheid 21. Issues Facing South Africa Today Although South Africa has a stable government and one of the strongest economies in Africa, it still faces many issues: economic inequality (whites still control most of wealth) fear of change HIV/AIDS