APAN 19 26 January 2005 Bangkok

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APAN 19 26 January 2005 Bangkok. SX TransPORT - the infrastructure to support e-science. George McLaughlin Director, International Developments, AARNet. SXTransPORT Southern Cross Trans Pacific Optical Research Testbed. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>APAN 19 26 January 2005 BangkokSX TransPORT - the infrastructure to support e-scienceGeorge McLaughlin Director, International Developments, AARNet</p></li><li><p>SXTransPORTSouthern Cross Trans Pacific Optical Research TestbedAARNet and Southern Cross Cable Network (SX) worked together to connect Australias research community at unprecedented speed to the global cyberinfrastructureThe Southern Cross Trans-Pacific Optical Research Testbed (SXTransPORT) partnership was announced on 11th December 2003 with support from the Australian GovernmentDual 10Gbps circuits between Australia and US West CoastAARNet interconnects SXTransPORT at Pacific Wave to other global research networks, and in Sydney to AARNet3 (Australias multi-path 10Gbps trans-continental research network based on Nextgen fibre)</p></li><li><p>SXTransPORTSouthern Cross Trans Pacific Optical Research TestbedAcceptable Use Policy applies on the 10Gbps circuits R&amp;E institutions only, no commodity or commercial transit (separate 622Mbps circuits are used for commodity to PAIX and Telehouse America, LA) Provides affordable (subscription-based) high throughput allowing Australia to effectively participate in global e-science initiativesStrengthens the case for locating major international infrastructure (like the Square Kilometre Array) in Australia</p></li><li><p>SXTransPORT dual 10Gbps circuits</p></li><li><p> Uncompressed HDTV interactive multimedia (1.4Gbps) At the exhibition floor of the Pittsburgh SC 2004 conference, AARNet and ResearchChannel demonstrated high definition real-time video interaction between Canberra Australia, Seattle and Pittsburgh~2million pixels per frame; 60 frames per second interleaved; using 1.4Gbps for each stream; video quality amazingDuring the 30 hours of demonstration, 20 Terabytes of data were transmitted in each directionNo custom equipment involved, all off-the-shelf componentsA compressed HDTV demonstration (cf the uncompressed version described above) was demonstrated at the Pacific Telecommunications Council (PTC) 2005 conference in HawaiiThe compressed version runs at (only?) 270Mbps. The capacity limitations at the venue (1Gbps) prevented use of uncompressed</p></li><li><p>Uncompressed HDTV interactive video (1.4Gbps) Remember this is a single application,seven streams of uncompressed HDTV would saturate a 10Gbps link!The paths used for the Pittsburgh demo wereCanberra to Sydney on AARNet3 (10Gbps)Sydney to Hillsboro on SXTransPORT (10Gbps)Hillsboro to Portland to Seattle on NLR (10Gbps)Seattle to Pittsburgh on NLR (10Gbps)The first three paths were used for the PTC demo, but with an additional drop at Kahe Point, Oahu to Honolulu</p></li><li><p>SC2004 images</p></li><li><p>SC2004 images</p></li><li><p>SC2004 images</p></li><li><p>Futures for research networking - Hybrid Optical Packet NetworksRouted networks still good for most usersSome users have special needsmassive data transfersuse protocols that could impact others, or others impact themBest to remove them to their own lambdas, to contain them in a way that satisfies their needs without detrimental impact on others (and vice-versa)</p></li><li><p>Global Lambda Infrastructure Facility (GLIF)A facility to support the real-time transfer of massive amounts of data to facilitate emerging e-research initiativesLambda infrastructure owners pool circuits not in use for their own requirements to make available to other members on an agreed basisTo be based on interconnect or access agreementsRegister will be maintained with conditions as basis of scheduling Lightweight governance structure</p></li><li><p>Meshing SXTransPORT into GLIFHybrid Optical Packet approachRetain the northern circuit (to Oahu and Seattle) as 10Gbps layer 3Deploy the southern circuit (to Spencer Beach (and Mauna Kea) as switched lightpath (possibly 8 x 1 Gbps) Use several of the 1 Gbps circuits for circuit swapping (eg with CANARIE or SURFnet) or for the GLIF pool</p></li><li><p>Global Lambda Integrated FacilityPredicted Bandwidth for Scheduled Experiments, March 2005www.glif.is</p></li><li><p>Global Lambda Integrated FacilityPredicted Bandwidth for Scheduled Experiments, March 2005Predicted international Research &amp; Education Network bandwidth, to be made available for scheduled application and middleware research experiments by December 2004.</p></li><li><p>Huygens Space Probe lands on Titan - monitored by 17 telescopes in Australia, Japan, China and the USIn October 1997, the Cassini spacecraft left Earth to travel to SaturnOn Christmas day 2004, the Huygens probe separated from Cassini and on 14 January 2005 started its descent through the dense (methane, nitrogen) atmosphere of Titan (speculated to be similar to that of Earth billions of years ago)The signals sent back from Huygens to Cassini were monitored by 17 telescopes in Australia, China, Japan and the US to accurately position the probe to within a kilometre (Titan is ~1.5 billion kilometres from Earth)</p></li><li><p>Australian eVLBI data sent over high speed links to the NetherlandsThe data from two of the Australian telescopes were transferred to the Netherlands over high-speed links and were the first to be received by JIVEThe data was transferred at an average rate of 400Mbps (a rate that would fill a CD every 13 seconds!)The data from these two telescopes were reformatted and correlated within hours of the end of the landingThis early correlation allowed early calibration of the data processor at JIVE, ready for the data from other telescopes to be addedSignificant international collaborative effort</p></li><li><p>Global CollaborationThe data on IDE disks was flown from Parkes (The Dish) and Coonabarabran (Mopra) to Marsfield in Sydney (CSIRO Australia Telescope National Facility, Au)This data was transferred to AARNets UTS International GigaPoP using a dedicated GbE path provided by CeNTIE, one of Australias Advanced Network Program (ANP) initiativesBackhaul to the Southern Cross landing station in Sydney was provided on a 10Gbps circuit on AARNets fibre from UTS)Transit to Pacific Wave (US) was engineered on a path of the northern 10Gbps circuit of SXTransPORT, a joint initiative of Southern Cross Cable Networks (SCCN,NZ/BM) and AARNet</p></li><li><p>Global CollaborationAARNets 8812 Procket at Pacific Wave was connected to a CANARIE (CA) switch and a User Controlled LightPath (UCLP) set up at 1GbE to the Joint Institution for VLBI in Europe (JIVE, NL)The Physical path for the UCLP involved the use of CAnet4 (CA) from Pacific Wave to the ManLan (US) facility in New York; the Internet Educational Equal Access Foundations (IEEAF, US) trans-Atlantic capacity to the SURFnet, NL GigaPoP in Amsterdam; and one of six GbE paths from the SURFnet GigaPoP to the JIVE facility at DwingelooThe possibility of this was discussed after Guido Abens (SURFnet) participation in the Australian Middleware forum in mid-December and the whole arrangement, including concept, coordination, set-up, testing and the experiment itself was accomplished in a little over three weeks.</p></li><li><p>Those involvedAARNet, AUCANARIE/CAnet4, CACeNTIE, AUCSIRO Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF), AUIEEAF, USJIVE, NLManLan, NY, USPacific Wave (north), USSouthern Cross Cable Networks, NZ/BMSURFnet, NL</p></li><li><p>Where next for e-astronomy? in Australia AARNet working with members of the Australian Astronomy community to take fibre/wavelengths all the way to the telescopes and working with our overseas colleagues to facilitate new joint e-astronomy initiatives</p></li><li><p>Overlay networks</p></li><li><p>Where next for e-astronomy? Global Astronomy initiative Mauna Kea, HawaiiUH 0.6 UH 0.6-m telescope 0.6m University of HawaiiUH 2.2m UH 2.2-m telescope 2.2m University of HawaiiIRTF NASA Infrared Telescope Facility 3.0m NASACFHT Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope 3.6m Canada/France/UHUKIRT United Kingdom Infrared Telescope 3.8m United KingdomKeck I W. M. Keck Observatory 10m Caltech/University of CaliforniaKeck II W. M. Keck Observatory 10m Caltech/University of CaliforniaSubaru Subaru Telescope 8.3m JapanGemini Gemini Northern Telescope 8.1m USA/UK/ Canada/Argentina/ Australia/Brazil/Chile SubmillimeterCSO Caltech Submillimeter Observatory 10.4m Caltech/NSFJCMT James Clerk Maxwell Telescope 15m UK/Canada/NetherlandsSMA Submillimeter Array 8x6m Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/TaiwanRadioVLBA Very Long Optical/InfraredUH 0.6m UH 0.6-m telescope 0.6m University of Hawaii UH Baseline Array 25m NRAO/AUI/NSF</p></li><li><p>Mauna Kea Observatories</p></li><li><p>SXTransPORT - global astronomy initiative SCCNOC-192SCCNOC-192Big IslandSpencer BeachLos Osos(Morro Bay)Spencer Beach to WaimeaFiber IRU &amp; optics toCal Poly SLOHilo to MKOCN (Summit)Waimea to HiloOptics to carrynew OC192 lambdaover CENIC from SLO to LAPwave South (LA)</p></li><li><p>Where next for e-astronomy? Global Astronomy initiative Mauna Kea, Hawaii Next week Bill St Arnaud, David Lassner, John Silvester, AARNet, and astronomers from the Canada France Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) will meet at Weimea to progress options for high capacity connections on the big island to the Mauna Kea summit and the base stations at Hilo and WeimeaA number of challenges (monopoly telco, volcanic rock, native land rights)Significant interest by other telescope owners</p></li><li><p>In conclusion Recent demonstrators have shown an unprecedented willingness to collaborate globally for the collective goodAn exciting array of new opportunities is emerging we need the will and determination to bring these to reality</p><p>Copyright AARNet Pty Ltd</p></li></ul>

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