apa style basics fa10 sept

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  • 1. APA Style Basics IDS 1001

2. Documentation Style A documentation style refersto the way researchers andwriters illustrate thatinformation from sources usedto support their assertions hasbeen borrowed. 3. Plagiarism The failure to properly acknowledgea borrowed source in an essay is aserious academic crime and could bedeemed plagiarism.The word comes from theLatin word plagiarius, meaning kidnapping orliterary thief. 4. APA Style To maintain coherence throughoutthe curriculum, Hodges Universityhas adopted APA style as thestandard method used to documentsources in essay writing. APA isused by many colleges anduniversities. 5. What is APA style?It is a social sciencespublished style guide thatadvises researchers andwriters on how to incorporate,document, and format papers. 6. APA Quick GuideSee the Library main webpage to access an APAguide that contains samplepages and basic rules forusing APA Style. 7. APA Style in the essay Your essays should contain reliable and validsources The essays should be formatted properly They should follow APA rules for mechanicsand expression (grammar) They must have proper in-text citations They must have a reference page with propersource citations 8. Reliable and Valid Sources A reliable source is one that isgenerally current and written by anexpert in the subject area. A valid source is one that specificallyaddresses your chosen topic and canbe used to support your assertions. These sources would include books,periodicals (magazines, professionaljournals, newspapers), andrespected organization web sites. 9. Formatting Title page w/text double-spaced, centered,approx. 4 from top with title, student name,and organization (Hodges University).Approximately 4 from the bottom of the titlepage, include the class name & number,instructor name, and date. 12 pt. Times New Roman font Double-spacing with no right justification Margins of 1 all around (unless bound; ifbound, use 1 on left margin) No more than 27 lines / page 10. Formatting (cont.) Header w/page numbers in upper right corner (titlepage counts as page 1) Indent each paragraph 5-7 spaces or one tab stroke Tables and content footnotes appear after references Reference page at end listing only sources used inthe text as support Abstract comes after title page, if instructor requires See examples in the APA Publication Manual and theHodges APA Guide. 11. Mechanics and Expressions Active voice over passive voice No use of contractions (i.e. cant) Key words in titles are capitalizedand italicized in text, but capitalizeonly first word in reference list titleand only italicize primary titles Generally, all numbers 10 and aboveare expressed in figures, as arenumbers used in measurements,dates, time, exact money sums,percentages, etc. 12. In-Text Citations Writers use sources to build credibility inargumentation and as support for a claim. You have three options for using sources intext: Direct quoting Paraphrasing Summarizing All must be documented 13. In-Text Citations (cont.) Three elements are necessary for in-textdocumentation: authors last name(or in lieu of that, group title, like National Institute of Health, or if no author, a part of the title--College Guide) year of publication page or paragraph # This is true also for electronic sources 14. Examples According to one study, academic performanceis enhanced by efficient use of study time (Doe,2005, p. 25). *Note: as a variation, date and author name canbe placed in other pertinent areas in thesentence. According to one study by Dr. Jane Doe (2005),academic performance is enhanced by efficientuse of study time (p. 25). 15. In-Text Citations(cont.) When quoting information over fortywords, block it offdouble spaced textindented 5 spaces. *Note: in this case, the parenthetical citation goesafter the quote, but outside the period. Blend sources into your sentencestructure. That is, a source must beproperly introduced: 16. Examples Jane Doe claims that students do well in a rigorous academic environment (2005, p. 25). *Note: only use quotation marks when the authors words and ideas are borrowed.Paraphrase or summarize in other cases: In one study by Jane Doe (2005), students functioned well in an environment with high academic expectations (p. 25). 17. In-Text Citations(cont.) Use traditionally respected sources, whether in hardcopy or electronic form, including books, periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers) and respected organization web sites (U.S. Census Bureau, for example). 18. References Page Center and title reference page as References Alphabetize and double space entries Each line after the first of an entry should beindented one tab stroke (five spaces) Key elements to include in a citation: author,date of publication, specific title, source title,volume and page numbers (if applicable) If an electronic source, include the DOI(Digital Object Identifier) if available. If notavailable, put the URL of where you retrievedthe source (Retrieved from www.ti.com/) 19. Examples BookDoe, J. (2005). Students in school. New York:Academic Press.Magazine or JournalDoe, J. (2005). School study habits amongstudents. Journal of Academic Life,10(2), 10-20. 20. Examples Newspaper ArticleDoe, J. (2005, March 2). Student study habits.Naples Daily News, p. A5. Article from an Online DatabaseDoe, J. (2005, January). Students who study succeed inschool. Psychology Today, 125. doi: 543.1324497256548746 21. Examples Government Agency or Group Author U. S. Study Bureau. (2005). Research in studentstudy habits (Report #142-5). Washington DC:Government Printing Office.Electronic Source from Web Doe, J. (2005). Students who study. Retrieved from http://studentstudy/research.com 22. Examples Audiovisual Source (movie, music CD,information CD, TV program)King, L. (Host). (2005, March 2). Larry Kinglive. New York: CNN.Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1991). Forrest Gump[Film]. Hollywood, CA: Paramount.Bono. (Lyricist). (2000). Walk on. On All thatyou cant leave behind [CD]. New York:Interscope. 23. For more information about APA See the many helps availablethrough the AAS and Librarywebsites. See the Publication Manual of theAmerican Psychological Association Make a one-on-one appointmentwith an AAS tutor Ask your instructor 24. For more information about APAYou can also view some short video tutorials (rightclick on URL, click open hyperlink): Citing Articles with APA http://www.screencast.com/t/YTczMjQ5 Citing Books and E-books http://www.screencast.com/t/MDUyNmU3 Citing Websites http://www.screencast.com/t/MTUyMDcyNmYt Citing Tables and Figures http://www.screencast.com/t/ZDIzOTZmZjQ