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  • DCU St Patrick’s Campus Cregan Library

    Síol Information and Research Support

    APA Referencing Style Guide

    Latest revision: March 2016

  • DCU St Patrick’s Campus APA Referencing Style Guide

    What is referencing? You are referencing every time you credit the sources you use in your paper. This process of acknowledging your sources is a requirement in academic writing and you will be asked to compile a list of all the works you cite in your paper.

    It is essential that when you use other people’s works and ideas, either directly or paraphrased, you have to cite the source in the body of your assignment (in-text citation) and in the list of references at the end of the work.

    Using someone else’s ideas in any academic work without referencing is considered a form of academic dishonesty (plagiarism) and treated as fraud, whether intentional or unintentional. When it comes to citing your sources, being clear and consistent will help you to avoid plagiarism.

    Presenting someone else's ideas is important for several reasons:

     By comparing and contrasting ideas, you can build and support your argument;  Crediting sources helps to avoid plagiarism;  Applying international standards will facilitate the dissemination of your essay;  Referencing helps locate and validate the source of your information.

    APA referencing style The American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style is the most widely used formatting and referencing style in the Social Sciences. This guide will present the most recurring citation types with practical examples for both in-text citation and reference.

    Staff and students of the Education Department of DCU St Patrick’s Campus, are required to adhere to the APA referencing style.

    Resources All DCU St Patrick’s Campus students have multiple resources available to find, store, manage and present your references. First of all, lecturers of your department and library staff are willing to help you. Additionally, you can contact the Information and Resource Support office with any question you might have. You can ring us (01-8842175), email us (spd.info.library@spd.dcu.ie), get in touch via Facebook or Twitter, or drop-in anytime during library hours. Our office is located on the second floor of the Cregan Library, DCU St Patrick’s Campus.

    There are many reference management software available to organise your references. DCU St Patrick’s offers students and staff free access to Refworks, which can be used to import APA style references to generate reference lists. Refworks seminars are held regularly in the library or ask at Síol office for more information.

    The APA Website has a comprehensive blog (http://blog.apastyle.org/) full of case by case examples and finally you can also look up the APA manual. We currently hold six copies of the latest edition.

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    file:///C:%5CUsers%5Cdefantp%5CDesktop%5CReferencing%20Material%5Cspd.info.library@spd.dcu.ie http://capitadiscovery.co.uk/spd/items/556198?query=APA+style&resultsUri=items%3Fquery%3DAPA%2Bstyle%2B http://blog.apastyle.org/

  • DCU St Patrick’s Campus APA Referencing Style Guide

    Table of Contents

    In-text citation: general rules..................................................................................................5

    Quoting...................................................................................................................................5

    Quoting poems........................................................................................................................5

    Quoting plays..........................................................................................................................6

    Quoting the Bible and classical works...................................................................................6

    Paraphrasing...........................................................................................................................7

    Abbreviations.........................................................................................................................7

    Using secondary sources (Secondary referencing).................................................................7

    References.................................................................................................................................8

    Which words should be italicised?.........................................................................................8

    Which words should be capitalised?......................................................................................9

    Books and book chapters.......................................................................................................10

    Book with a single author.....................................................................................................10

    Book with two authors..........................................................................................................10

    Book with three to five authors............................................................................................10

    Book with more than five authors........................................................................................11

    Book with no author.............................................................................................................11

    eBook....................................................................................................................................12

    Edited book / Anthology.......................................................................................................12

    Chapter in an edited book / Chapter in an anthology...........................................................13

    Introduction / Preface / Foreword.........................................................................................13

    Translated book....................................................................................................................14

    Republished book.................................................................................................................15

    Periodicals (Print journals, e-journals, newspapers, magazines, newsletters).................15

    Print journal article...............................................................................................................15

    E-journal article....................................................................................................................16

    Newspaper article (Print or online)......................................................................................17

    Master’s theses and doctoral dissertations..........................................................................17

    Conferences, symposia and meetings...................................................................................18

    Website / Document on the Internet.....................................................................................19

    Blogs, newsgroups and forum entries..................................................................................21

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  • DCU St Patrick’s Campus APA Referencing Style Guide

    Facebook / Twitter................................................................................................................21

    Image on the Internet............................................................................................................22

    Personal communication (Interview, email, unpublished lecture)....................................23

    Official publication.................................................................................................................24

    Government agency and organisation publication...............................................................24

    Parliamentary and legal material..........................................................................................25

    EU publication (Legislation, policy, directive, regulation)..................................................25

    Reports and press releases....................................................................................................26

    Dataset and statistics..............................................................................................................27

    Data from Central Statistics Office......................................................................................28

    Audiovisual media..................................................................................................................28

    Film.......................................................................................................................................28

    Radio or television programme............................................................................................29

    Single episode from a television, radio or internet series.....................................................29

    Music recording....................................................................................................................30

    Online video.........................................................................................................................30

    Podcast.......................................................................................................................