anita p. barbee, mssw, ph.d. university of louisville anita.barbee@louisville

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Application of GTO to Implementation (Including Training) and Evaluation of a Child Welfare Practice Model. Anita P. Barbee, MSSW, Ph.D. University of Louisville Other Colleagues that Contribute to this Work. Dana Christensen, Ph.D. Becky Antle, MSSW, Ph.D. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Application of GTO to Implementation (Including Training)and Evaluation of a Child Welfare Practice Model

    Anita P. Barbee, MSSW, Ph.D.University of Louisville

  • Other Colleagues that Contribute to this WorkDana Christensen, Ph.D.Becky Antle, MSSW, Ph.D.Riaan van Zyl, Ph.D.Abe Wandersman, Ph.D.Katherine Cahn, MSW, Ph.D.

  • Implementation of Casework Practice ModelsMany state child welfare agencies are adopting or creating casework practice modelsThe purpose is to shape the thinking and behavior of front line child welfare workers in order to improve safety, permanency and well-being. This is a huge implementation undertaking and a good one with which to apply the GTO model and EBSIS.

  • Past ExperienceMost states rely primarily on training to execute a practice model.We conducted a number of studies on the impact of training SBC to supervisors and their teams on reactions, learning, transfer and outcomes.Thus, we found that training can have an impact on practice and outcomes, particularly with reinforcement (TA).But, while training is a necessary activity in implementing a practice model it is not sufficient

  • Accountability Questions Relevant Literatures What are the underlying needs and conditions that must be addressed? (NEEDS/RESOURCES) Needs/Resource Assessment What are the goals, target population, and objectives? (i.e., desired outcomes)? (GOALS)Goal Setting What science (evidence) based models and best practice programs can be used in reaching the goals (BEST PRACTICE)?Consult Literature on Science Based and Best Practice Programs What actions need to be taken so the selected program fits the community context? (FIT)Feedback on Comprehensiveness and Fit of ProgramWhat organizational capacities are needed to implement the program? (CAPACITIES)Assessment of Organizational CapacitiesWhat is the plan for this program (PLAN)Planning Is the program being implemented with quality (PROCESS)Process evaluation How well is the program working? (OUTCOME EVALUATION)Outcome and Impact EvaluationHow will continuous quality improvement strategies be included? (IMPROVE) Total Quality Management; Continuous Quality Improvement If the program is successful, how will it be sustained? (SUSTAIN)Sustainability and Institutionalization

  • GTO as a Painters Palette#1Needs/Resources#2Goals#3BestPractices#9Improve/CQI#8OutcomeEvaluation#7Implementation Process Evaluation#4Fit#5Capacities#6Plan#10SustainRESULTS

  • Kentucky ExampleEarly in the development of SBC agency leadership determined that there was a need for a unifying model from which to practice child welfare, goals were set, a model was developed based on best practices and fit to meet the needs of Kentucky clients.The biggest facilitator of the adoption of the SBC practice model was developing capacities- of tools to execute the practice model, policies to support the practice model, including the model in the SACWIS system, and extensive training and coaching (TA) of managers and supervisors as well as workers in the model (Three of the Supports needed for Implementation: Tools, Training, TA)

  • Furthermore, process and outcome evaluations were conducted as the model rolled out and as supervisors and their teams were trained and then 33 items of the CQI case review tool measured adherence to the SBC model (4th support).All of these supports helped sustain the model through the first administration (8 years) and into the second (4 years). By the third administration, however, adherence had dropped to 30%.However, adherence led to successful completion of all CFSR measures of safety, permanency and well-being.

  • Support System Model


  • Levels & Accountability

    Accountability QuestionChildrens BureauStateRegionSupervisorsWorkers1. NEEDS/ RESOURCESFundingFundingLeadershipMore hired and getting MSWsMore hired, pay increased, PCWCP2.GOALSLaws, PIPSP, PIP, CDSP, PIPHelp define goalsHelp define3.EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICESFamily Centered, Strengths Based..Funded developmentPilotedHelped develop, piloted, first trainedGave feedback4.FITCB T/TA Network can help statesSince we created it fitSlight variations across stateProvided leadershipHelped in pilotCAPACITYSystemic factorsAssess readiness to change, infrastructureShare good news as spread across RegionsChange agents, champions of changeChange agents, champions of change, EBP readinessPLANPIP, Community partnersTraining PlanSupport PlanLeaders, coaches, pilotTrain early and then with workers, coachTrain veteran then new workersIMPLEMENTATIONCQI, FidelityChange policy, tech, toolsEnsure fidelityTrack data to assure fidelity in practiceHold accountable, give support8.OUTCOME EVALUATIONFundingInclude eval in train contractExp vs ComparisonSup training evaluatedExamined Sup worker performCQICFSR processes, outcomes and systemic factorsCQI tool included 33 SBC itemsCQI specialists, CQI teamsConduct CQI case reviews, on CQI teamsOn CQI teams10.SUSTAINABILITYCFSR keeps coming, FundingBuild deep benchEngage communityRefreshers, coaching consultsNew worker training, tools

  • REFERENCESMartin, M. H., Barbee, A. P., Antle, B., & Sar, B. (2002). Expedited permanency planning: Evaluation of the Kentucky Adoptions Opportunities Project (KAOP). Child Welfare: Special Issue on Permanency Planning, 81, 203- 224.Barbee, A. P., Antle, B. F., & Martin, M. (2003). Supervisor- Team Training: Issues in Evaluation (pp. 136-137). B Johnson, K. Keitzman & K. Ringuette (Eds.). Proceedings of the Fifth Annual National Human Services Training Evaluation Symposium: 2002. Berkeley, CA: CalSWEC.

  • Antle, B. F., Christensen, D., Barbee, A. P., Martin, M. (2008). Solution-based casework: A paradigm shift to effective, strengths-based practice for child protection. Special Issue on Evidence Based Practice. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 2, 197-227.

    Antle, B. F., Barbee, A. P., van Zyl, M. A. (2008). A Comprehensive Model for Child Welfare Training Evaluation. Children and Youth Services Review, 9, 1063- 1080.

    Antle, B.A., Barbee, A.P., Sullivan, D.J., & Christensen, D. (2009). The Prevention of Child Maltreatment Recidivism through the Solution-Based Casework Model of Child Welfare Practice. Children and Youth Services Review 31,1346-1351.

  • Antle, B. F., Sullivan, D. J., Barbee, A. P., Christensen, D. N. (2010). The Effects of Training Methodology on Training Transfer. Child Welfare.

    van Zyl, M. A., Antle, B. F. & Barbee, A. P. (2010). Organizational change in child welfare agencies. In S. Fogel, M. Roberts-DeGennero (Eds). Empirically Supported Interventions for Community and Organizational Change. New York: Lyceum Books.

    Barbee, A. P., Christensen, D., Antle, B., Wandersman, A., Cahn, K. (2011). System, organizational, team and individual changes that need to accompany adoption and implementation of a comprehensive practice model into a public child welfare agency. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 622-633.

  • Antle, B.F., Christensen, D.N., van Zyl, M.A., & Barbee, A.P. (in press). The Impact of the Solution Based Casework (SBC) Practice Model on Federal Outcomes in Public Child Welfare. Child Abuse and Neglect.

    Barbee, A. P., & Liz Winter (in press). Skill Based Training and Transfer of Learning. In H. Cahalane (Ed). Clinical Social Work Practice. Springer.