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  • Anglo-Saxons A preface to Beowulf

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • The Era: 449-1066 449 - Angles, Saxons, Jutes invade Britain

    597 - St. Augustine brings Christianity to Anglo-Saxons; established Church of England in Canterbury

    793 - Vikings invade

    871 - Alfred the Great becomes king of England

    1066 - Normans defeat Saxons; led by William the Conqueror

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Geography of

    Britain Rainy

    Farming

    Mountains to low-

    lying costal areas

    Isolation

    -Vulnerable to

    attack

    -Strong Culture

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Impact of Invasions Romans

    Invasion led by Julius Caesar in 55 BC

    Provided armies and organization that prevented further invasions

    Built roads, defensive wall, public baths

    No central government

    Germanic Tribes

    Engla land (Angles)

    Communities

    Continued regard for bards

    Use of English in formal study

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Religion Before Christianity

    Warrior gods

    Ethics

    After Christianity

    Connection with Europe

    Common faith/morality

    Celtic Religion

    Animism

    Druids

    Monasteries

    Latin primary language pre-Alfred

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Comprehension Check

    Great Britain has been invaded and settled

    by all of the following except: a) Romans, b)

    Vikings, c) Germanic Tribes, d) Greeks.

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Comprehension Check

    True or False: The Anglo-Saxons were

    fatalists.

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Anglo-Saxon Way of Life

    Warring society

    Heroes

    Loyal Dependency

    Agricultural

    Communal Halls

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Key Words Scop

    Wyrd

    Wergild

    Comitatus

    a) a payment usually

    demanded of a

    person guilty of

    homicide or other

    wrongful death

    b) Storyteller

    c) The bond between a

    warrior and his Lord.

    d) Fate

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • HEROES

    And other literary elements

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  • What makes a hero a hero?

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  • Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • What about 1300 years ago?

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Epic Hero

    The central figure in an epic who has

    superior qualities and risks personal

    danger to pursue a grand quest.

    Significant, on a quest, has some

    special strength, is ethical, risks

    death, brave deeds, leader, & reflects

    ideals of society

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Heros Journey

    He establishes his reputation by overcoming hardships or challenges early in his life.

    The hero goes on a journey

    The hero faces one or more challenges

    The hero overcomes the challenges and triumphs

    Returns home to his people with a trophy or some item that benefits them

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Other Literary Elements

    Alliteration:The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables.

    Caesura:A pause in a line of verse dictated by sense or natural speech rhythm rather than by metrics.

    Kenning:A figurative, usually compound expression used in place of a name or noun.

    Primary Epic: No single author, oral transmission

    Heroic Ideal: Represents the aspects of a hero that the culture upholds as representing the cultural ideal.

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  • Kennings

    Whales way

    Taming wand

    Storm of swords

    Gods candle

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  • Your Kennings

    Spend two minutes creating a kenning

    of your own. It can describe any

    object - it does not have to relate to

    Beowulf. Be prepared to come draw it

    on the board and have your

    classmates guess what you are

    drawing.

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School

  • Family Trees

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  • Danes

    WelthowQueen/Wife

    Ecglaf

    Unferth's Father

    Unferth

    Courtier

    Hrothgar

    King

    Healfdane

    Father

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  • Geats

    Hilgac

    Beowulf's Uncle

    Feudal Lord

    Wiglaf

    Loyal friend

    & soldier

    Brecca

    Childhood friend

    Beowulf

    Hrethel

    Beowulf's Foster Father

    (Edgetho Beowulf's Biological Father)

    Victoria Weiss Moorpark High School