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<ul><li> 1. Andrew Jackson: 1767 - 1845 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HSChappaqua, NY</li></ul> <p> 2. Essential Question: Champion oftheCommon Man? King Andrew? OR 3. What were the democratic trends in the 19c? 4. 5. Voting Requirementsin the Early 19c 6. Voter Turnout:1820 - 1860 7. Why Increased Democratization? </p> <ul><li>White male suffrage increased </li></ul> <ul><li>Party nominating committees. </li></ul> <ul><li>Voters chose their states slate of Presidential electors. </li></ul> <ul><li>Spoils system. </li></ul> <ul><li>Rise of Third Parties. </li></ul> <ul><li>Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) </li></ul> <ul><li>Two-party system returned in the 1832 election: </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Dem-RepsNatl. Reps.(1828)Whigs (1832)Republicans (1854) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Democrats (1828) </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 8. Jackson's Early Life 9. Jacksons FirstHermitage Residence 10. First Known Paintingof Jackson, 1815 11. General JacksonDuring the Seminole Wars 12. Jackson's First Presidential Run 13. The Common Mans Presidential Candidate 14. Jacksons Opponents in 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Quincy Adams [MA] John C. Calhoun [SC] William H. Crawford [GA] 15. Results of the 1824 Election A Corrupt Bargain ? 16. What were the key issues in 1828? 17. Rachel Jackson Final Divorce Decree 18. Jackson in Mourning for His Wife 19. 1828 Election Results 20. The Center of Population in the Country Moves WEST 21. The NewJackson Coalition </p> <ul><li>The Planter Elite in the South </li></ul> <ul><li>People on the Frontier </li></ul> <ul><li>State Politicians spoils system </li></ul> <ul><li>Immigrants in the cities. </li></ul> <p> 22. Jacksons Faithin theCommon Man </p> <ul><li>Intense distrust of Eastern establishment, monopolies, &amp; special privilege. </li></ul> <ul><li>His heart &amp; soul was with the plain folk. </li></ul> <ul><li>Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements. </li></ul> <p> 23. The Reign of King Mob 24. Andrew Jackson as President 25. ThePeggy Eaton Affair 26. The Nullification Issue 27. TheWebster-Hayne Debate Sen. DanielWebster [MA] Sen. RobertHayne [SC] 28. 1830 Webster : Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable. Jackson : Our Federal Unionit must be preserved. Calhoun : The Union, next to our liberty, most dear. 29. The Tariff Issue 30. 1832 Tariff Conflict </p> <ul><li>1828 --&gt; Tariff ofAbomination </li></ul> <ul><li>1832 --&gt; new tariff </li></ul> <ul><li>South Carolinas reaction ? </li></ul> <ul><li>Jacksons response ? </li></ul> <ul><li>Clays Compromise Tariff ? </li></ul> <p> 31. Jackson's Native-American Policy 32. Indian Removal </p> <ul><li>Jacksons Goal ? </li></ul> <ul><li>1830 Indian Removal Act </li></ul> <ul><li>Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) *domestic dependent nation </li></ul> <ul><li>Worcester v. GA (1832) </li></ul> <ul><li>Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforceit! </li></ul> <p> 33. The Cherokee Nation After 1820 34. Indian Removal 35. Trail of Tears (1838-1839) 36. Jacksons Professed Love for Native Americans 37. Renewing the Charter of the 1st National Bank 38. Jacksons Use of Federal Power VETO 1830 Maysville Road project in KY[state of his political rival, Henry Clay] 39. The National Bank Debate Nicholas Biddle President Jackson 40. Opposition to the 2 ndB.U.S. Soft (paper) $ Hard (specie) $ </p> <ul><li>state bankers felt it restrained their banks from issuing bank notes freely. </li></ul> <ul><li>supported rapideconomic growth&amp; speculation. </li></ul> <ul><li>felt that coin wasthe only safe currency. </li></ul> <ul><li>didnt like any bank that issued bank notes. </li></ul> <ul><li>suspicious ofexpansion &amp; speculation. </li></ul> <p> 41. The Monster Is Destroyed! </p> <ul><li> pet banks ? </li></ul> <ul><li>1832Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2 nd National Bank of the United States. </li></ul> <ul><li>1836the charter expired. </li></ul> <ul><li>1841the bank went bankrupt! </li></ul> <p> 42. The Downfall of Mother Bank 43. An 1832 Cartoon: King Andrew ? 44. 1832 Election Results Main Issue ? 45. TheSpecie Circular(1836) </p> <ul><li> wildcat banks. </li></ul> <ul><li>buy future federal land only with gold or silver. </li></ul> <ul><li>Jacksons goal ? </li></ul> <p> 46. Results of the Specie Circular </p> <ul><li>Banknotes loose their value. </li></ul> <ul><li>Land sales plummeted. </li></ul> <ul><li>Credit not available. </li></ul> <ul><li>Businesses began to fail. </li></ul> <ul><li>Unemployment rose. </li></ul> <p>The Panic of 1837! 47. The 1836 Election Results Martin Van Buren Old Kinderhook [O. K.] 48. The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly! 49. Andrew Jackson in Retirement 50. Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before his death) 1767 - 1845 </p>