andrew jackson 1767 - 1845. the andrew jackson era 1830 - 1850

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  • ANDREW JACKSON 1767 - 1845

  • THE ANDREW JACKSON ERA 1830 - 1850

  • MILITARY CAREER

    Joined Continental Army at age 13 as a courier

    Major General of Tennessee Volunteers. Led troops to victory in March 1814 against the Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend

    May 1814 appointed Major General of the Army during the War of 1812. On January 8, 1815, he defeated the British in New Orleans and was declared a hero.

    During the 1st Seminole War (1817-19) he overthrew the Spanish Governor in Florida

  • MILITARY LEADER

  • PRESIDENCY7th President. March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837Elected by newly formed Democratic PartyGiven nickname Old Hickory because of his toughness and aggressive nature in battleOpponents referred to him as Jackass. Jackson liked the name. Later became symbol for the Democratic PartyJanuary 1835 Jackson paid off the entire National Debt, the only time in history that has been accomplishedFirst Presidential assassination attempt was against Jackson on May 6, 1833 - it was unsuccessful

  • PRESIDENT JACKSONCampaign Poster

  • ELECTORAL COLLEGE

    Jackson repeatedly called for the abolition of the Electoral College

    Wanted to accomplish this by Constitutional Amendment in his annual messages to Congress

    Believed that it should be the right of the people to directly elect the President and Vice President

    He was never successful

  • SPOILS SYSTEM

    Largely responsible for what is known as Spoils System which rewards voters with government jobs for working toward the victory

    Dismissed 20% of Federal employees and replaced them with political appointees from his party

    Led to corruption including the appointment of officials with no experience related to their responsibilities

    Still practiced by both parties today

  • POLITICAL CARTOONS

  • OPPOSITION TO NATIONAL BANKJackson opposed National Bank for the following reasons: Concentrated financial strength in a single institution Exposed government to control by foreign interests Exercised too much control over Congress Served mainly to make rich richerSucceed in destroying Bank by vetoing its 1832 re-charter and withdrawing U.S. funds in 1833. Local and state banks sprung up. Not long after banks collapsedDirect cause of Panic of 1837 which threw economy into a deep depressionJackson was censured by the Senate for this action

  • DESTROYING NATIONAL BANKCartoon showing Jackson destroying National Bank

  • NULLIFICATION CRISISAlso known as the Secession Crisis 1828 1832South Carolina voted to nullify (void) the Tax Tariff Of 1828Jackson said all states had to obey Federal LawsTensions rose and both sides prepared for military actionAfter much discussion and being close to starting a battle, in 1832 Jackson signed a new tax bill and South Carolina repealed their Ordinance of NullificationSupreme Court has always ruled that individual states do not have the power to void or nullify Federal Laws

  • INDIAN REMOVAL ACTJackson supported removing Indians from their landSigned Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830Act authorized President to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state bordersMany tribes moved peacefully some did notCherokee Indians were forcefully removed and over 4,000 Cherokees died on the forced march which became known as the Trail of Tears

  • INDIAN REMOVAL ACT

  • INTERESTING FACTSJoined Revolutionary War when he was 13Fought in War of 1812 and the Seminole War First President to invite the public to White House Ball to honor his inauguration. It was a disasterOwned 44 slaves Fought and killed Indians but adopted two Indian childrenHad bullet lodged near his heart after being shot in a duel and a musket ball in his lung that made him cough blood and made his whole body shakeFirst President to ever have assassination attempt. Assassins gun misfired twice and Jackson attacked him with his cane

  • ANDREW JACKSONMost famous Jackson image

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