ancient india geography of india india is part of a subcontinent (landmass smaller than a continent)...

Download Ancient India Geography of India India is part of a subcontinent (landmass smaller than a continent) & shaped like an upside down triangle

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  • Ancient India
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  • Geography of India India is part of a subcontinent (landmass smaller than a continent) & shaped like an upside down triangle.
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  • Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean & Bay of Bengal on 3 sides Cut off from Asia by mountains (Hindu Kush, Himalayans) E & W Ghats along coast in South
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  • Geography of India
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  • Deccan Plateau, rocky, dry center btw Ghats (little moisture, blocked by mts) Thar Desert to East(80-100 degrees) Rainforest along West coast Coastal plains
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  • Major rivers flow from HK & Him mtns: Indus River flows thru Pakistan into Arabian Sea (Indus Valley home to early civ)
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  • Ganges River-flows to Bay of Bengal, w/ many branches. (Holy river) Brahmaputra goes E across India to Ganges Plains area btw rivers is fertile!
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  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xK-RaXNH9V0
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  • MONSOONS Monsoon: (seasonal winds from June-Sept. Temp rises, air heats, moist air blows in from ocean, brings heavy rain). Unpredictable! *Cyclones too! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9peDRkO-TLc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bETUbu7pXgs
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  • Indus Valley Civilizations Little is known (writing not deciphered) Dev 2500 BC Over 100 settlements (Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro biggest )
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  • Harappa 1. Highly organized, planned cities 2.Built on mud brick platforms (avoid floods) 3.Oven dried mud brick walls
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  • 4.Citadel (fortified area) has major buildings(temple, granary,royals?) 5. 30 ft wide, straight streets (e-w & n-S), cross at right angles
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  • 6. Walls divide residential districts, homes vary in size (houses laid out in block units w/ lanes in btw)
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  • Modern plumbing & sewage (had bathrooms) Toilets of brick w/ wood seat, pipes connect to each house w/ waste flowing into underground sewage system & into pits outside of city walls
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  • Harappan Culture Written language of 400 symbols (found on carved stone stamps & seals) Can not read it. Animals on everything Religion-maybe theocracy ? Statues of mother goddess, fertility images, maybe shiva, worship bull
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  • Examine the Seals. What can you infer about harappan culture Examine the Seals. What can you infer abt Harappan culture? Describe 3 things
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  • Had potters wheel, made beautiful jugs, statues etc Made toys, jewelry
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  • The Great Bath of Mohenjo Daro
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  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCYx-_WqcKc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnsatmxY7Kc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhej8XShSvI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7ndRwqJYDM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uI78xoEkm0c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCYx-_WqcKc
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  • MOVIE What influence does the Indus Valley Civilization have on modern cities? What technological advancement do YOU think is the most impressive? Why? How did geography influence the construction of their cities?
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  • What do the highly planed cities on the Indus tell us about their culture? Explain how you can see at least 3 of the characteristics of civilization in Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro What does the attention to plumbing tell you about them? What does the discovery of toys tell you about their culture? How did the Mesopotamians, Egyptians and Indus use their environment t? Who did better a better job? Why?
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  • Dont Write Grew wheat barley, cotton, (could weave into cloth) Trade all over region (Persia, Dec Pla, Afghan) using Indus & Arabian Sea to trade w/ Meso, Egypt & maybe Crete) Traded bright cloth, copper lumber for gold, silver, semiprecious stones
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  • Dont Write! Disappear slowly ca 2000 BC. Why? Tectonic plates shift, cause floods, earthquakes, change course of Indus, changes in climate, farming dries up? May have moved on into India
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  • 1. What does the discovery of toys tell us about the Indus people? 2. What does the attention to sewer & plumbing systems suggest abt IV culture? 3. Fill in the chart below. List 4 elements IV people included in their city plans & what modern cities have. Then compare! 4. Explain why the Indus people abandoned their cities due to environmental changes? 5. Describe 4 ways IV is similar or different to other cultures we have talked about? Indus ValleyModern City
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  • Indo-Aryans Btw 2000-1500 BC, Indo- Aryans,(from grasslands btw Caspian & Black Seas?) conquer Harappa.
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  • Had iron weapons & horses Est own govt (individual tribes elect chief & tribal council) Combined to form small kingdoms led by Rajah) Brought metalworking, horses, bronze weapons No writing system Adopted other cultures
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  • Vedic Age- 1500 Brought Vedas, 4 collections of religious beliefs, prayers, spells & ritual instructions (Rig Veda most important) Not written, passed along
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  • * Polytheistic-many gods Eventually grows into Hinduism (no founder) Brought along 3 CASTES (expand over time)
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  • THE CASTE SYSTEM Caste: strict religious & social class/order You are BORN into caste & cannot move out of caste in THIS life. caste is a result of karma from previous life.
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  • THE CASTES UNTOUCHABLES Outside of caste, street cleaners, butchers, grave diggers, unclean jobs
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  • Caste System Strict rules: Cant marry or associate w/ people outside of caste, determines job, clothes, manners & even food
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  • Dont writeTHE BELIEFS People suffer from pain & sorrow b/c they chase false goals (material goods) Goal is MOKSHA- free soul from body so soul can join the ATMAN (universal soul) CANNOT reach MOKSHA in 1 life, need reincarnation.
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  • CYCLE OF REBIRTH Reincarnation is a cycle of REBIRTH of soul (reborn over & over until overcome your weaknesses) KARMA- belief all good & bad actions, mental or physical, affect peoples fate in next life.
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  • DHARMA- duty: every Hindu has obligations to their CASTE Can improve your position in next life by fulfilling duties in this life. Present life is result past behavior
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  • The Gods/Godesses Shiva- the destroyer of ego & universe
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  • Brahma- god of creation
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  • Vishnu- preserver of universe All-Pervading essence of all beings, the master of past, present & future, one who supports, sustains & governs Universe & originates & develops all elements within.
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  • Krishna-god/child prankster in Mahabharata Ganesha is the Remover of Obstacles, Lord of Beginnings (patron of arts and sciences, intellect & wisdom)
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  • BUDDHISM 563 BC: Prince Siddhartha Gautama born in Nepal. Raised to be king, wealthy, sheltered.
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  • THE PRINCE Prince leaves palace & realizes world is full of pain & misery. Sees poor, sick & elderly & dead Wants to find answer why & how to stop it. Travels world & meditates under tree for 49 days.
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  • THE BUDDHA Prince found answers. Became known as the Buddha, the Enlightened One as he traveled the world to teach his beliefs.
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  • THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS 1. Everyone suffers 2. Cause of suffering is desire (riches objects attachments) 3. Only way to end suffering is crush desire 4. Way to end desire is to follow the Noble 8 Fold Path
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  • NIRVANA Goal is to reach NIRVANA- a condition of wanting nothing, a calmness, great insight & happiness.
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  • Theravada Buddhism Dont write The oldest school of Buddhism, found in s Asia. The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a B

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