Ancient Greece Study Guide

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Name________________________________________________________Date________________Period_____________World History~Unit 1: Ancient Europe~

Terms/Events ~Greece~ Definition

The Minoans

The Mycenaeans

Aeolian Greeks

Dorian Greeks

Athens

Sparta

Aristocracy

Democracy

-Ekklesia-Strategoi/Archon-Boule

-Ostracize-Heliaea-Psephos

Hoplite

Phalanx

Trireme

Greco-Persian WarThe Oracle at Delphi

Greek Golden Age

Philosophy

The Peloponnesian War

Hellenism

Greece: Battles

Marathon

Thermopylae

Salamis

Plataea

Syracuse

Aegospotami

Arginusae

Luectra

Gaugamela

Greece: People

HomerHelenAchilles

PatroclusParisHector

The TitansZeusAthena

AresAphroditeApollo

PoseidonAesclepiusTantalus

EchoNarcicusPan

SolonCleisthenesHelots

XerxesDariusMiltiades

PhedippidesLeonidasSophocles

OedipusPythagorasSocrates

PericlesAristotleThemistocles

Philipp IIAlexanderBucephalas

HephastionRoxanna

Greece: Achievements

AcropolisParthenonAmphitheater

Red FigureBlack FigureKouras

OlympicsKnossosIliad

OdysseyColumn Styles: Doric, Ionic, And Corinthian

Essential Questions

1) Why did people choose to settle in Greece?

2) What are the two leading theories pertaining to the destruction of the Minoans?

3) How did Mycenaean culture differ from that of the Minoans?

4) What is Mythology? What purposes did it serve the Ancient Greeks?

5) What are some words and symbols that western culture has taken from the Greeks?

6) How did democracy develop in Athens?

7) Why did it make them feel superior?

8) In what ways did Athens and Sparta differ?

9) What made the Greek military the greatest military in the world?

10) Why did Greece go to war against Persia?

11) Why did they prevail?

12) What did it mean for Greek culture?

13) Why did Athens and Sparta go to war with one another?

14) How did the Syracuse Campaign prove disastrous for Athens?

15) What did the Peloponnesian War do to Greece?

16) How did Phillip II of Macedon seize Greece?

17) What is the most significant contribution of Alexander the Great to western culture?

18) What lessons can our society learn from the Ancient Greeks?

Terms and Events Not Included Above:

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