Ancient Egyptian History Class 4 Early Pyramids and Gods of Egypt

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Ancient Egyptian History Fall 09 Class 4, GCCC Encore Instructor, Joe Boisvert Study of the principal Gods of Egypt and Discussion of Tradition of Pyramid for Burials in Old Kingdom


<ul><li> 1. Ancient Egyptian History Class 4 Pantheon of Gods and Pyramid Tradition<br />Joe Boisvert<br />Instructor Gulf Coast Community College Encore Spring 2010<br /></li></ul> <p> 2. Early Egyptian Burials from Ceremonial to Mastubais to Pyramids<br /> 3. Fourteen Principal Gods of Egypt<br /> 4. Egyptian Gods Partial List<br />Rais the eagle god of the sun.<br />Anubisgod of the dead<br />Bastetis the Cat goddess.<br />Sehkmetgoddess of fire, war and plague<br />Nutis the goddess of sky and stars, mother of gods.<br />Gebis the green god of Earth.<br />Horusis the god with falcon's head, god of pharaohs.<br />Osirisis the god of the afterlife.<br />Isisis the goddess of magic and healing, wife of Osiris.<br />AtumIn the creation myths, Atum is the primal creator<br /> 5. Egyptian Gods Continued<br />Sethis the god of deserts and evil.<br />Thothis the scribe god.<br />Ma'atis the goddess of truth.<br />Amunis the god of Thebes, king of gods in New Kingdom.<br />Wadjetis the goddess of pregnancy and motherhood, goddess in snake form.<br />Anuketis the goddess of river Nile.<br />Hathoris the goddess of the moon and children.<br />Ptahis the creator god<br />Besis the dwarf god of safe journey<br />The Egyptians worshipped Scarab Beetles and cats.<br />Ptah(Pteh, Peteh) was thepredynasticMennefer (Hikuptah,Memphis) god of craftsmen, pottery and creation. The Egyptians believed that he was a god who created everything from artifacts to the world egg to the other deities themselves. TheOpening of the Mouthceremony was believed to have been devised by him. He was a god of creation and rebirth.<br /> 6. Isis<br />Symbols:throne, kite, scorpion,Myths:"Isis and Osiris", "Isis and the Seven Scorpions"Cult Center:Heliopolis, <br />Isis was the sister ofOsiris(who was also her husband), the daughter ofNutandGeband the mother ofHorusthe Child.<br /> 7. Osiris<br />(Asar, Wesir, Ausar, Unnefer)<br />Symbols:crook and flail,djed, White and Atef Crowns, bull, mummified form, throne,Bennu(phoenix)Cult Center:Abydos, Busiris andHeliopolisMyths:"Isis and Osiris"<br />A god of the earth and vegetation, Osiris symbolized in his death the yearly drought and in his miraculous rebirth the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. He was a god-king who was believed to have given Egypt civilization.<br />Osiris<br /> 8. Seth<br /><br />(Set, Suetekh)<br />Symbols:Seth-animal, pigs, donkeys, fishesCult Center:Tanis, OmbosLinks:the Ennead of Heliopolis<br />Regarded as the Lord of Lower (Northern) Egypt, <br />Seth was represented by a big-eared imaginary animal with<br />redhair resembling a donkey or maybe an aardvark. <br />He was associated with the desert and storms. The Greeks <br />associated Seth with their god, Typhon.<br /> 9. Horus<br />(Hor, Heru, Her)<br />Symbols:hawk/falcon, bull, Double Crown, Winged Disk,Udjat, Sphinx, weapons, iron, blacksmithsCult Center:Edfu, Buto andHeliopolisMyths:Isis and Osiris<br />The falcon-headed god, the kings of Egypt associated themselves with Horus. Horus was among the most important gods of Egypt, particularly because the Pharaoh was supposed to be his earthly embodiment. Kings would eventually take the name of Horus as one of their own.<br /> 10. Reason for Burials ???<br />Love, Loss, <br />Respect, <br />Honor,<br />Afterlife, <br />Religion, Gods<br />Anubis the <br />God of Death<br /> 11. 12. Mastabas First Burial Tombs<br />At first, the kings of Egypt were buried in what are known as mastabas in southern Egypt, mainly at a place called Abydos. <br />Mastabais an Arabic word meaning bench, because these tombs looked like a bench. <br />They consisted of a pit where the dead were buried in the ground covered by stones above ground. <br />Later mastabas sometimes had many rooms below ground and many above ground for the storage of items that the dead person wished to take with him or her into the afterlife.<br /> 13. Mastabas First Burial Tombs (Bench Like Shape)<br /> 14. The tomb, has been attributed to one of the earliest of Egyptian kings, Scorpion I, from Dynasty 0<br /></p> <ul><li>Tomb was discovered at the Middle Nile River in Upper Egypt.</li></ul> <p> 15. . The site was built about 3150 BC. 16. Three rooms of the tomb contained about 700 jars and inside the jars was discovered a residue of an early form of herbal wine. 17. The recipes identified within the pots illuminate a long history of the Egyptian use of grape wines.</p>