Ancient Civilizations Study Guide September 24, 2013.

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Ancient Civilizations Study Guide

Ancient Civilizations Study GuideSeptember 24, 2013Ancient Civilizations Study GuideMap #1-Egypt(Nile River) Map#2-Mesopotamia Ma(Tigris and Euphrates)p#3-Indus River Valley Map Indus and Ganges and #4-China(Huang He)Tigris and Euphrates RiversNile Indus and GangesChinaRich Soil, Irrigation and WaterNomadic Invasions

8. Ancient Civilization that settled between the Mediterranean sea and Jordan River Valley9. Great Sailors and traders settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia). 10. Ancient Civilization that located on the upper (southern) Nile River (Africa).11. (of a title, office, or right) conferred by or based on inheritance.12. Mesopotamia=Kings, Egypt=Pharaoh and China=Emperors and Dynasties13. Slavery14. Centralized government, often based on religious authority15. Heart of Judaism, state moral and Religious conductListed 282 specific laws dealing with everything from family relationships to business Bronze and IronBetter tools, plows and irrigation Phoenicians Belief in one God, HebrewsBelief in Many Gods, Ancient Civilizations He is considered the founder of Judaism He led the Israelites out of Egypt to Canaan Capital of Kingdom of Israel Contains written records and Beliefs of Hebrews Exile=The state of being barred from ones nature country typically for political reasons, Diaspora=Jews living outside of Israel A simplified picture used in early forms of writing28. Sumerian(Mesopotamia) need to keep records29.Egyptians need to keep records and laws30. Phoenicians, need to keep records31. Anatolia, Turkey32. England32. Fertile Crescent34. developed agriculture (domesticated plants) domesticated animals used advanced tools made pottery developed weaving skills.

35. were nomadic, migrating in search of food, water, shelter invented the first tools, including simple weapons learned how to make and use fire lived in clans developed oral language created cave art.

36. 400,000 to 100,000 37. Australia, the Americas and Eurasia38. Hunted and Gathered39. Africa40. Archaeologists study past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, settlements, fossils, and artifacts.

41. Anthropology is the study of the origins and development of people and their societies. 42. Geography-The study of the earth and its features and of the distribution of life on the earth, including human life and the effects of human activity.

43. Mercator44. Lines that run east and west but measure north and south, Lines that run North and south but measure east and west44. Artifacts

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