ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS STUDY GUIDE Chapter 1 Uncovering the Past.

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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS STUDY GUIDE Chapter 1 Uncovering the Past Slide 2 1. What is the definition of history? History is the Study of the past. Slide 3 2. List three examples of history. an artifact found long ago A speech given by the President last week World War II Slide 4 3. What is an Archaeologist? An Archaeologist explore places where people once lived, worked or fought. Slide 5 4. What would an archeologist examine? Archaeologist examine objects they find to learn what they can tell about the past. Slide 6 5. What does culture mean? Culture is the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people. Slide 7 6. What is a fossil? A fossil is a part or imprint of something that was once alive. Slide 8 7. List two events that would interest a historian. A primary source account of the Civil War. An sword discovered at an ancient Roman Battle site. Slide 9 8. What is a primary source? A primary source is an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event. Slide 10 9. What is a secondary source? A secondary source is information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness the event. Slide 11 10. What is an artifact? Artifacts are objects created by and used by humans. Slide 12 11. List some events/subjects that would interest an archaeologist. Bones found at an ancient burial site Clothing from 30 years ago A shattered bowl from a 1,000 years ago Slide 13 12. What does a physical geographer study? Physical Geography is the study of earths land and features. Examples of landforms: lakes, rivers, mountains, valleys, volcanoes, oceans Slide 14 13. What does location mean? Location is where something is. Slide 15 14. Give an example of an absolute/exact location. Absolute/Exact location is a specific place on earth like Ocala, Florida. Slide 16 15. List five physical features. Ocean, lake, river, creek Mountain, valley, volcano Forest, grassland Slide 17 16. What is a region? Region is an area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas. Examples of Regions: an area with many cities, an area where people speak the same language, an area where people have the same religion Slide 18 17. What physical features and resources did early people look for when they decided to settle in a location? Physical Features: rivers and fertile soil Resources: food and water Slide 19 18. What are three things you can learn from history? I can learn more about myself, others, and the world. Slide 20 Resources are materials found in the earth that people need and value. Essential Resources: water animals, fertile land stones used for tools Metal Resources: iron, copper, gold

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