ancient chinese art power point finally final
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ANCIENT CHINESE ARTBy: Christy, Mario, and Shota
ARTWhy is art so important? Art, is a creative way of expressing yourself. Without the art, everything would just be plain. Art can have an impact on consciousness. It allows for ways of looking at and thinking about life, allows artists to bring public attentions to areas of concern. Art and artists can - and do - make contributions that help focus awareness on needed social changes. Personal critical consciousness can be developed into the social life.
STONE AGE ART
Stone age art the oldest art in the world and has its origins in remote antiquity. Stone age art" dates back to 10,000 BC, mostly consisting of simple pottery and sculptures. China is a culture based around respect, customs, and traditions. The various kinds of visual arts in China have developed under the direct patronage of different imperial dynasties. The earliest art forms would use rock and stone for art because they didnt know to use metal yet. Chinese art began more than 4000 years ago.
SUBJECT AND STYLE
China has the following categories of visual arts to express itself: -Calligraphy -Pottery -Jewelry -Painting -Architecture -Sculpture -Bronze casting In paper cuts, they like to cut Buddha, opera faces, animals, flowers, children, and aerobics. Sometimes in their painting, they would use black and white, having one object with each color. One of their favorite subjects was nature. They believed that the spirit of nature gives life to everything, the painter must capture the feeling of nature.
PROCESS AND MATERIALThe Chinese used many materials such as medal, bronze, lacquer (a liquid painted onto metal or wood to form a hard shiny surface), jade (a liquid painted onto metal or wood to form a hard shiny surface), clay, silk, and cloth. They made the most flexible of material -paper. Chinese people used jade to make mirrors and clay and stone to make pottery and statues. At a ceremony they would use bronze to make wine vessels in animal shapes.
JADE CULTUREThe Lanzhou culture was the last Neolithic Jade culture, and was spaced over a period of about 1,300 years. Artists used the small birds, turtles and fish to make pendants. Jade is a green stone that cannot be carved so it has to be ground. Jades reflected many Chinese beliefs and values in ancient.
BRONZE CASTINGThe Bronze Age in China began with the Xia Dynasty. More elaborate objects, including many ritual vessels, were crafted. The Shang are remembered for their bronze casting. Shang bronzes became appreciated as works of art from the Song Dynasty, when they were collected and prized for their shape and design, and also for the various green, blue green, and even reddish patinas created by chemical reaction as they lay buried in the ground.
INFLUENCEChinese arts are influenced by three major religions: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Another major influence was nature. The three major kinds of subject they liked to paint were birds, flowers, and landscapes from the countryside. All the religions stress love for nature. All landscape painters tried to get a feeling of the human spirit and the strength of the wind, water, mist and mountains. Painting became an art form more than 2000 years ago then influenced the later painters.
CHINESE PAINTINGChinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world. Chinese painting was used on decorative bronzes, carved jade and lacquer ware such as figures of fish, frogs, deer, birds, flowers, tree leaves and dancing people which dates back to around 6,000 to 7,000 years old. Early pottery was painted with spirals, zigzags, dots, or animals. It was only during the Warring States Period (403221 B.C.) that artists began to represent the world around them.
TRADITIONAL PAINTINGPainting in the traditional style is known today in Chinese is gu hu (), meaning 'national' or 'native painting'. Traditional painting is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink; oils are not used, however. The most popular materials on which paintings are made of are paper and silk. The two main techniques in Chinese painting are: -Meticulous - gong-bi () often referred to as "court-style" painting -Freehand - shui-mo () water color or brush painting.
Chinese paintings fall into several categories, such as figure paintings, landscapes, and flower-and-bird paintings .
By Lu Ji
Li Sixun's landscape portraits have a mood and a very unique style. He has beautifully captured the mountains and rivers with the strokes of his brush. Li Sixun had an equally excellent command of portraying both animals and landscapes. His son, Li Zhaodao, put more emphasis on technique in his paintings of mountains, rivers and wild animals, which decreased their artistic quality.
By Li Sixuan, an outstanding artist in the Tang Dynasty
CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY IAncient Chinese sculptures have attained great achievements in different sculpture branches and different historical periods. They are rich in subject matter and presenting strong and vivid flavor of the country. For instance, the sculptures in the Qin and Han Dynasties are rough and sturdy, the sculptures in the Wei and Jin Dynasties are vigorous and graceful, and the sculptures in Tang and Song Dyansties are rich and elegant...
CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY II
The ancient Chinese sculptures are full of expressionistic spirit. They are stress on the feeling and artistic conception which is able to lead people to another artistic world. The most representative of the pottery sculptures in the lower reaches of the Yellow River are pottery guis. (A gui is an ancient Chinese pitcher with three legs.) The guis were made in the shape of animals, such as pigs and dogs. The animals depicted in these sculptures are mostly domesticated livestock, such as pigs, sheep, dogs and chickens, used by people in the Neolithic Age.
CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY III
There are seven standard strokes. The seven strokes or 'Seven Mysteries' as they are called:
-Horizontal line-dot -sweeping downward stroke -vertical line -sharp curve and downward stroke
Calligraphy in Chinese is known as "Shufa" () and it is a unique part of Chinese culture with a history of five thousand years. The earliest form of Chinese writing, dates back to 28th century BC.
CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY IV
Tools: Chinese ink- It is solid, and usually comes in the shape of sticks. Black ink is made from the soot of pinewood or oil smoke. Chinese ink stone- Ink stones are made from stone or pottery. They are flat and hard, and are sometimes shaped into beautiful objects. The calligrapher puts water on the ink stone, then grinds the stick of ink against it.
This makes ink that can be brushed on paper. It is important to grind enough ink to finish what you start. If you have to grind more ink, you may not be able to make it the same shade.Chinese brush- Brushes are made from animal hair that is bundled together and put on bamboo reeds. The Chinese use hair from wolves, sheep, rabbits, deer, foxes, or mice depending on the type of writing. For small delicate writing, use rabbit hair. For bold writing, sheep hair is good. Brush rest- These stands are used to hold extra brushes. They are usually decorated. The stroke order of a character is important in mastering calligraphy. The stroke order creates the correct effect for the character.
Johnan-Sanjins Calligraphy Kingdoms
NEOLITHIC POTTERYEarly forms of art in China are found in the Neolithic Yangchow culture (); which dates back to the 6,000 BC. Early ceramics (art objects such as figures) were unpainted and most often cord-marked. The first decorations were fish and human faces, but these eventually evolved into symmetricalgeometric abstract designs, some painted.
ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY IThe ancient art of pottery (ceramics) has a rich history. Clay, jade, and bronze are the dominant materials used in the pottery of ancient China from around 4000 B.C. Of these, clay and bronze were the most important materials. Both materials were used to make pots and containers in a variety of shapes, the best of which were buried with their owners.
ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY II
This pot was used as funeral urns. These pots make a statement about their use as well as their function in the society. Which pot do you think made earlier?
TAKE A LOOK INSIDE AND SEE 3 CHAMBERS
ANCIENT CHINESE POTTERY III It
is from the Han Dynasty (202 BC-AD 220) that the history of pottery making in China is ordinarily traced. The ancient Chinese had a custom of burying the dead with pottery images of people, animals, and possessions dear to them during life.
CHINESE BRONZE CASTING IBronze is an alloy of copper and a variety of other elements such as tin, aluminum, and lead. Bronze ware can be found in many ancient civilizations. The Bronze Age in China began around 2000 B.C. It saw the growth and maturity of a civilization that would be sustained in its essential aspects for another 2,000 years.
CHINESE BRONZE CASTING IIThe early bronze item in China was a knife discovered in Gansu Province Majiayao site. The bronze knife was dated to 3000 BC. Early days of Bronze in China, bronze was mostly used to make knives, mirror and other tools. During Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, bronze production peaked. Bronze was used to make musical instruments, weapons, and containers. Bronze instrument and containers were wide used in sacrificial ceremonies.
CHINESE BRONZE CASTING IIITaotie was one of the most popular motifs (main material) for the bronze ware during that time. Taotie is a Chinese mythical creature, said to have only head and no bodies. Cicada patterns became popular in Shang and Western Zho