Anatomy – Structure Physiology - Function. Gross Anatomy Regional Anatomy Systemic Anatomy Surface Anatomy Developmental Anatomy Microscopic Anatomy –Cytology

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  • Anatomy StructurePhysiology - Function

  • Gross AnatomyRegional AnatomySystemic AnatomySurface AnatomyDevelopmental AnatomyMicroscopic AnatomyCytologyHistology

  • Cellular/molecular PhysiologyRenal PhysiologyNeurophysiologyCardiophysiology

  • What a structure can do depends on its specific form.

  • ChemicalsAtomsMoleculesCellularOrganellesVariety of shapes and functionsTissueEpitheliumConnectiveMuscularNervous

  • Levels (Continued)OrgansHeartBrainOrgan SystemsIntegumentarySkeletalMuscularNervousEndocrine

  • Levels (Continued)Organ System (Continued)CardiovascularLymphaticRespiratoryDigestiveUrinaryReproductiveOrganism

  • Maintain BoundariesMovementResponsivenessDigestionMetabolismExcretionReproductionGrowth

  • NutrientsOxygenWaterTemperaturePressureAtmosphericHydrostatic

  • HomeostasisStable internal environment

    Control MechanismReceptorControl CenterEffector

  • Homeostasis (Continued)Types of RegulationAutoregulationExtrinsic Regulation

  • Homeostasis (Continued)Homeostatic feedbackPositive FeedbackEnhances (Strengthens) the stimulusChange proceeds in same direction as original change.Negative FeedbackMost feedback mechanismsReduces the stimulusChange proceeds in the opposite direction as original change.

  • Anatomical PositionStanding erectFacing forwardFeet slightly apartArms to the sidePalms facing forward (anterior)Thumbs pointing away from the body

  • Superior (Cranial or Cephalad)Inferior (Caudal)Anterior (Ventral)Posterior (Dorsal)MedialLateralIpsolateralContralateralDirectional Terms

  • Directional Terms (Continued)IntermediateDistalProximalSuperficial (Exterior)Deep (Interior)

  • Divisions of the BodyAxial HeadNeckTrunkAppendicularAppendagesAttachments (Girdles)

  • Planes and SectionsSagittal PlaneMidsagittalParasagittal

  • Planes and SectionsFrontal (Coronal) Plane

  • Planes and SectionsTransverse (Horizontal) Plane

    SectionsCross SectionOblique Section

  • Body CavitiesDorsal Body CavitiesCranial CavityMost superiorEncases BrainVertebral (Spinal) CavityContinuous with Cranial CavityEncloses spinal cord

  • Body CavitiesVentral CavitiesMinor CavitiesOrbitalNasalBuccalDigestiveMiddle EarSynovial

  • Body CavitiesVentral CavitiesMajor CavitiesThoracicPleural CavitiesMediastinumPericardial Cavity

  • Body CavitiesVentral CavitiesMajor CavitiesAbdominopelvic AbdominalPelvic

  • Body CavitiesAbdominopelvic RegionsRight hypochondriac regionEpigastric regionLeft hypochondriac regionRight lumbar regionUmbilical regionLeft lumbar regionRight iliac (Inguinal) regionHypogastric (pubic) regionLeft iliac (Inguinal) region

  • Body CavitiesAbdominopelvic QuadrantsRight UpperLeft UpperRight LowerLeft Lower

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