anatomy of the thoracolumbar spine physician name physician institution date

Download Anatomy of the Thoracolumbar Spine Physician Name Physician Institution Date

Post on 24-Dec-2015

220 views

Category:

Documents

7 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Anatomy of the Thoracolumbar Spine Physician Name Physician Institution Date
  • Slide 2
  • Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 3
  • Thoracic Spine Anatomy Unique characteristics Rib attachments Relatively stiff kyphotic curve Vertebral bodies vary greatly in shape and size
  • Slide 4
  • 12 vertebrae T1-T12 12 intervertebral discs 12 pairs of exiting nerve roots 24 rib attachments Thoracic kyphosis T1- T12 ranges from 20 50 May increase slightly with age Thoracic Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 5
  • Costal facets Rib articulates with the vertebral bodies Ribs articulate with the transverse process (T1-T10) Ribs overlie the disc space (T1-T9)
  • Slide 6
  • Typical thoracic vertebrae Facet joints Costal facets Pedicles Lamina Transverse process Body Spinous process Vertebral foramen/canal Intervertebral foramen Costotransverse facets Thoracic Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 7
  • Vascular structures Aorta Vena cava Heart (not shown) Approximate location between T2-T6 Thoracic Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 8
  • Muscular structures Multifidus Between transverse and spinous processes Thoracic Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 9
  • Muscular structures Longissimus Between transverse process and thoracolumbar fascia Thoracic Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 10
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy
  • Slide 11
  • Lumbar Anatomy 5 vertebrae L1-L5 5 intervertebral discs 5 pair of exiting nerve roots Lumbar lordosis L1-S1 ranges from 3080 The apex of lumbar lordosis L3-L4 1 2 3 4 5
  • Slide 12
  • Sacral Anatomy The sacrum is a series of 3, 4, or 5 fused coccygeal vertebrae The coccyx articulates with the inferior aspect of the sacrum 1 2 3 4 C
  • Slide 13
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy Typical lumbar vertebra (L2) Body Vertebral foramen/canal Intervertebral foramen Pedicle Transverse process Lamina Spinous process Facet joints Pars interarticularis inferior Superior Anterior (oblique) A Lateral P Posterior (oblique) Superior Inferior superior
  • Slide 14
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy Ligaments 1.Anterior longitudinal ligament 2.Posterior longitudinal ligament 3.Ligamentum flavum 4.Interspinous ligaments 5.Supraspinous ligament 6.Intertransverse ligaments 123 4 5 6
  • Slide 15
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy: Nerve Structures The spinal cord and nerve roots are often affected by skeletal problems Discs and bony tissue can interfere with normal nerve function and cause pain
  • Slide 16
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy: Nerve Structures Conus medularis The point at which the thick, single strand of the spinal cord ends Typically at T12 or L1 Note: in this illustration, the posterior elements of the spine, along with the dura mater and arachnoid mater, are not shown.
  • Slide 17
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy: Nerve Structures Cauda equina The point at which individual nerve roots continue down through the spinal canal Note: in this illustration, the posterior elements of the spine, along with the dura mater and arachnoid mater, are not shown.
  • Slide 18
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy: Nerve Structures Exiting nerve root Passes medial to the pedicle of the anatomic segment Traversing nerve root Passes across the disc space and beneath the pedicles of the inferior segment Note: in this illustration, the posterior elements of the spine, along with the dura mater and arachnoid mater, are not shown.
  • Slide 19
  • Lumbar Spine Anatomy: Vascular Structures The aorta and vena cava bifurcate around the level of the L3/L4 disc space 1.Aorta 2.Vena cava 3.Iliac arteries 4.Iliac veins 5.Midsacral vessels
  • Slide 20

Recommended

View more >