an introduction to internet piracy adapted from internet piracy exposed by guy hart-davis

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An Introduction to Internet Piracy Adapted from Internet Piracy Exposed by Guy Hart-Davis

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  • Slide 1
  • An Introduction to Internet Piracy Adapted from Internet Piracy Exposed by Guy Hart-Davis
  • Slide 2
  • What is Internet Piracy? Piracy conducted via the Internet What do the Digital Pirates Do? Since pirates steal stuff Digital pirates steal digital stuff by transferring files back and forth Getting without paying Stolen files include: music, video, pictures, texts, and software sensitive material, industrial secrets, government secrets
  • Slide 3
  • The Types of Pirated Files Music 2001, music files formed the largest category of piracy on the Net MP3 files traded using peer-to-peer (P2P) technologies Video Next biggest footprint on the bandwidth scale belongs to video anything from latest DVDs to sports games to music videos to pornographic videos far fewer pirates trade video than audio (bandwidth issues)
  • Slide 4
  • Types of Pirated Files (2) Pictures The next in the chain, many are pictures of celebrities, movie stars, rock stars, and pornographic pictures Software Next after pictures Texts least popular form of piracy people dont like to read a large amount most books are cheap compared to music, DVDs, and software much harder to get a book into a file than music or video
  • Slide 5
  • Why Do They Do It? Because they want the stuff, and Because they can
  • Slide 6
  • When Do They Do It? Whenever they get the chance
  • Slide 7
  • How Do They Justify It? Some pirates couldnt care less about justifying their piracy others do try Lets look at some of their example justifications and begin a look at the law
  • Slide 8
  • Theres no copyright notice on it and since theres no copyright notice on an item its not copyrighted, right? Wrong! Almost every original work is copyrighted, even if no copyright notice appears on it Since Berne convention, its not necessary to include a copyright notice on a work though its a good idea If you dont know for sure that a work is out of copyright and thus in the public domain, assume it is copyrighted
  • Slide 9
  • Everyone does it Everybody does it, sort of like speeding down the road We know there are laws against it but everybodys still doing it Main difference between piracy and speeding is that the penalties for piracy are far more severe Enforcement does tend to concentrate on the most blatant offenders but
  • Slide 10
  • Its just a couple of files here and there More or less true at the start but like many things the habit tends to grow In extreme cases, piracy takes over the pirates life Most pirates keep their piracy under control as a hobby or a useful way of saving money.
  • Slide 11
  • Well, its ok to make a tape of a few tracks for a friend Can do this for yourself but it is not legal to give the copy to anyone else It is a violation of copyright
  • Slide 12
  • Im not charging for it, so its ok Actually, distributing the files is the copyright violation in the eyes of the law It doesnt matter if the violator is charging for the files or not The only difference that charging for files or distributing them freely can make is in the amount of damages that can be awarded
  • Slide 13
  • CDs (or DVDs) are too expensive That may be true but so are expensive sports cars and that doesnt give someone the right to steal them Similarly no one has the right to steal the contents of a copyrighted work whether it is on CD, DVD, paper, canvas, or whatever
  • Slide 14
  • Im promoting the artist by sharing their music But if the artist or copyright holder has not specifically granted permission to the person to distribute the track its illegal
  • Slide 15
  • Its fair use Briefly, fair use is a provision of copyright law that lets you reproduce part or all of a work for reasons of comment, criticism, parody, and so on More on fair use later Basically, Fair Use does not allow anyone to violate copyright law
  • Slide 16
  • Its there for free on the net The fact that copyrighted information is available on the Internet means nothing more than that someone else has violated ocpyright by making the file available for distribution Its still illegal to download the file and to possess a copy of it
  • Slide 17
  • Its freeware or shareware
  • Slide 18
  • Its in the public domain A file is in the public domain for one of two reasons Someone has chosen to put a work whose copyright they hold into the public domain Like a SW application so that others can freely use it Because the copyright has expired or been lost Many items in public domain are clearly marked as such
  • Slide 19
  • Its copyleft serious pun on copyright A licensing mechansim designed to encourage the spread and development of the SW in question Under a copyleft agreement, any distribution of the SW must include its full source code. Anyone is free to modify or improve the SW and distribute it further, provided that they make their modifications and improvements available to all subsequent users
  • Slide 20
  • Its not hurting anybody Creating a copy of a copyrighted work is assumed to cost the creator or copyright holder of the work the benefit that they should have derived from selling that copy of the work Thus piracy is considered to harm the creator or copyright holder In early 1990s, Novell was reputed to have cornered 90% of the networking market in China - but had sold only one copy of NetWare there In late 1990s, Novells share of the Chinese networking market dropped precipitously as the Chinese pirates gained enthusiasm for Windows NT server instead
  • Slide 21
  • Why is Piracy Wrong? Piracy is wrong because its stealing The law says that stealing is illegal Moreal codes say that Stealing is immoral End Chapter One of the Internet Piracy Exposed book