American History Chapter 13-3 Farming the Plains.

Download American History Chapter 13-3 Farming the Plains.

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Further Motivation to Farm the West 1889 Oklahoma Land Run: 2 million acres of land, previously believed to be Indian Territory, was opened up to white settlement. 50,000 settlers rushed into Ok. to stake their claims.

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American History Chapter 13-3 Farming the Plains Motivations to Farm the West 1862 Homestead Act: Gave 160 acres of land to the head of the household. Had to build on the land & farm it for 5 yrs to own it Pacific Railway Act: Granted land to RR companies to construct railroad & telegraph lines Morrill Act: Granted land to states to build or finance colleges for the agricultural & mechanical arts. Further Motivation to Farm the West 1889 Oklahoma Land Run: 2 million acres of land, previously believed to be Indian Territory, was opened up to white settlement. 50,000 settlers rushed into Ok. to stake their claims. End of the American Frontier 1890 U.S. Census Bureau declared that the American frontier was closed. Historian Frederick Turner believed that it was the frontier that had made the U.S. distinctive. Todays historians list other factors as being more important to the development of the U.S., (ie: slavery, immigration, industrialization.) Frederick Jackson Turner Migration West Benjamin Singleton: Former slave who encouraged Af. Am. to build their own communities in the West. Exodusters: 15,000 + African Americans moved to Ks. Many blacks left the South to avoid segregation & the KKK. Changes in Farming Many were forced to irrigate. Constructed windmills. Lumber was scarce on the plains. Farmers built dugouts & sod houses. Other Farm Changes James Oliver: Invented a plow with a sharper edge. Combine harvesters were invented. Bonanza farms developed: Large companies bought up land & ran farms like factories. Struggled with the boom-and-bust cycles of farming. James Oliver The End

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