American Art Collaborative: Perspectives and Considerations

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  • www.designforcontext.com

    Duane Degler @ddegler duane@designforcontext.com

    Neal Johnson @vanWinkleTunes neal@designforcontext.com

    American Art Collabora/ve Perspec'ves and Considera'ons

    15 January 2015

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Condence gained from presenta/ons to AAC partners

    CIDOC CRM is a mature, extensible, event-based ontology useful for modeling many types of cultural heritage data

    SupplemenEng technologies, standards, and related resources are developing rapidly in support of linked data creaEon, management, and use

    Availability of cultural heritage Linked Data (LD) is proliferaEng Cultural heritage is taking advantage of LD in creaEve and

    useful ways

    AAC presentaEons online: hSp://americanartcollaboraEve.org/info/

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    PERSPECTIVES

    The 0me is right to join a global eort

    pu

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    LD is here to stay. The Eme is right for LAMs to be adopEng and making use of it.

    PERSPECTIVES

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Linked Data is here to stay Next-Gen data

    structure standard card

    catalog

    LCSH Dewey Decimal

    Collections RDb

    RDb

    MARC, CIMI RDA, Z39.50

    XML

    Schemas (e.g., LIDO, Dublin Core, EAD)

    RDF

    Ontologies (e.g., CIDOC, BIBFRAME)

    Organiza'on

    Structure, math

    Independence

    Expressiveness

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Linked Data can be exibly adopted and integrated

    Archives XML

    Media DAM RDb

    Collections RDb

    LD

    LD abstrac/on layer

    Access interface layer

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    LD is here to stay. The Eme is right for LAMs to be adopEng and making use of it.

    Markers for ongoing success in linked data management? Same as exisEng data management.

    PERSPECTIVES

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Markers for success

    Focus on goals Long-term commitment, not just short-term one-os Establish and maintain insEtuEonal authority Find ways to do more within our resource constraints Facilitate integraEon with other data/info resources Make technology transparent to end users Flexibility and support around change

    Focus on execuEon PracEce good project and technical program management Ensure maintainability, scalability, sustainability, persistence You cant manage well if youre not measuring well Iterate, iterate, iterate

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    LD is here to stay. The Eme is right for LAMs to be adopEng and making use of it.

    Markers for ongoing success in data and informaEon management? Same as exisEng data management.

    Full scope of the LD value proposiEon is in development by a distributed community on a global stage.

    PERSPECTIVES

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    You are par/cipa/ng in a world-wide eort

    Use cases idenEfying user roles, scenarios, useful data and informaEon stores

    Novel UI/UX that takes advantage of what LD can do for us Benets both derived from, and driven by, various models of

    deployment

    Ensuring data is discoverable locally and at web scale

    The AAC has a well-timed opportunity to contribute to this effort as a leader

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    CONSIDERATIONS

    Framing ins0tu0onal roles and scoping

    op0ons for publishing linked data

    Frederick C. Frieseke, Alernoon Yellow Room, 1910, Indianapolis Museum of Art hSp://bit.ly/1y58zNH

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Roles in the LD community

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Producer What roles to play in the LD community?

    Web/ app UIs

    Media DAM RDb

    Library RDb

    Collection RDb

    Collection LD

    Aggregated Collection

    LD Package

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Consumer What roles to play in the LD community?

    Web/ app UIs

    Collection LD

    Media DAM RDb

    Library RDb

    Archives LD

    Instance Data

    Vocabs LD

    Mixed LD

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Collaborator What roles to play in the LD community?

    Shared LD

    Shared Content

    Mixed LD

    Local Vocab

    LD Vocabs

    LD Harmonize

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Roles in the LD community Levels of engagement in the use of LD

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    CULTURAL HERITAGE DOMAIN SCALE

    INSTITUTION LD INSTITUTION LD

    Varying levels of engagement gaining experience

    The Web

    Cultural Heritage

    Archive Library

    Domain Scale

    Science

    NASA Research Lab

    Domain Scale

    LOD

    Ins/tu/on Scale

    LOD LOD

    Ins/tu/on Scale

    LOD

    Web Scale

    INSTITUTION LD

    WEB SCALE

    SCIENCE DOMAIN

    INSTITUTION LD INSTITUTION LD

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Create EecEvely manage and use your data

    Extend Share data seamlessly among partners

    Enrich Integrate with broader humaniEes and societal data

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Roles in the LD community Levels of engagement in the use of LD Managing a broad range of data

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Star/ng with collec/on data (AAC Phase 1)

    Mapping & converEng Publishing Maintaining

    Collection LD

    Collection Data

    Map & Convert

    Use/Publish

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    How broad a range of data is useful and feasible?

    Tombstone and broader collecEons data Other semi-structured and unstructured data

    Examples Provenance ConsDtuents ExhibiDons Research Notes Video, audio Interviews LeJers Clippings

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Supplemen/ng technologies for future

    Emerging management tools for semi-structured / unstructured data AnnotaEon Inferencing and semanEc search engines Persistent URL formats and management services Image management and addressing EnEty and concept extracEon to support vocabulary enhancement Terminology management and shared vocabularies/libraries Natural language processing and text parsers ArEcial intelligence, machine learning and automated analysis InformaEon visualizaEon Interface and applicaEon frameworks

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Benets for inclusion of not-so-structured resources

    Enable structure and consistency Ease of construcEon and inspecEon when creaEng or updaEng the data Conform to industry standards Ease of reuse in publishing

    Normalize enEEes (people, organizaEons, etc.) and dates Standardize vocabularies across your data contains enEEes Use dates in calculaEons, informaEon visualizaEon

    Add depth to your LD holdings More resources you can search across and publish to the world

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Roles in the LD community Levels of engagement in the use of LD Managing a broad range of data Measuring the value of LD iniEaEves for the insEtuEon

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Measuring the value of LD ini/a/ves for the ins/tu/on

    What denes success in our use of LD? Within our insEtuEons With partners and the public How our LD is used by 3rd parEes CollecEve impact of our eorts

    Where can we look to idenEfy our impact? Changes in data consumpEon, trac Changes in the number or character of users or partners Greater quality or exibility of use Greater quality of the quesEons arising from use Others ?

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Models for expression of LD resources

    FederaEon and aggregaEon

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Federa/on and aggrega/on

    FederaDon: Real-Time

    Source 1

    Source 2

    Source 3

    Access

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Federa/on and aggrega/on

    FederaDon: Cached

    Access

    *cache & refresh

    Source 1

    Source 2

    *

    *

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Federa/on and aggrega/on

    AggregaDon: Single-point

    Source 1

    Source 2

    Source 3

    Aggregate Access

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Federa/on and aggrega/on

    AggregaDon: MulE-point

    Source 1

    Source 2

    Source 3

    Aggregate Access

    Aggregate

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Federa/on and aggrega/on

    Federa'on: Real-Time

    Federa'on: Cached

    Aggrega'on: Single-point

    Aggrega'on: MulE-point

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Models for expression of LD resources

    FederaEon and aggregaEon Balancing data models for completeness and usability

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Modeling for completeness

    A scene on the Ice

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Consists of

    Produc/on Event

    Was produced by

    Amsterdam

    Avercamp

    Painted

    c. 1625

    Took place at

    Has type

    Carried out by

    Has /mespan

    Ska/ng

    Refers to

    Concept Carries

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Modeling short-cuts for local needs and usability

    A scene on the Ice

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Produc/on Part

    Consists of

    Produc/on Event

    Was produced by

    Amsterdam

    Avercamp

    Painted

    c. 1625

    Took place at

    Has type

    Carried out by

    Has /mespan

    Ska/ng

    Refers to

    Concept Carries

    Created at Is about

    Worked in

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    InsEtuEonal strategies Models for expression of LD resources

    FederaEon and aggregaEon Balancing data models for completeness and usability Harmonizing and inferencing

    CONSIDERATIONS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Museum 2 Museum 1

    Harmonizing

    Artwork 1

    Artwork 3

    Ar/st A Ar/st A

    Artwork 2

    LD Virtual Museum

    Artwork 1 Artwork 3

    Artwork 2

    Ar/st A

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Inferencing

    Inferencing provides an automated assist to help derive meaning and context across large and/or heterogeneous data sets

    Museum

    Ar/st Artwork

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    EXAMPLES AND IDEAS

    How might we use linked data?

    Charles Wilson Peale, The ArEst in His Museum, 1882, Philadelphia Academy of the Fine Arts hSp://bit.ly/1yc2gVM

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Data creaEon and management Browsing and reviewing graph data PersonalizaEon and federaEon Deep analysis and ideaEon Cross-domain visibility Emergent uses

    EXAMPLES AND IDEAS

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Data crea/on and management Carnegie Museum Provenance App

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Data crea/on and management Carnegie Museum Provenance App

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Data crea/on and management Carnegie Museum Provenance App

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Browsing and Reviewing Graph Data

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Browsing and Reviewing Graph Data

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Browsing and Reviewing Graph Data

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Personaliza/on and Federa/on Cleveland Museum of Art Gallery One

    Users take their selecEons with them through the museums galleries

  • Personaliza/on and Federa/on

    National Gallery of Art

    Rousseau, Henri French 1844-1910

    -Tropical Forest with Monkeys

    -The Equatorial Jungle

    Phillips Collection

    Anonymous 19th Century American c. 1880

    -Tropical Forest with Birds

    2

    1

  • Personaliza/on and Federa/on

    2 3

    5

    7

    4

    1

    6

    8 9

    National Gallery of Art Architect: John Russell Pope Built: 1936-1942

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Pan-curricular educa/onal enrichment example(s)

    Results for Benjamin Franklin 534 results total

    Social Studies

    Videos

    2 Internal 12 External

    Ac/vity Guides

    1 Internal 8 External

    Texts

    11 Internal 74 External

    Visuals

    8 Internal 59 External

    Subject: All Curricula: Core Grade Level: 6-12

    Available online Available in school district See details

    My Lesson Plans

    Benjamin Franklin: A Great Thinker

    Math Worksheet Science On seasonal Eme

    (Hudson) Electricity Worksheet Civics

    Social Studies

    Culture Vie de Franklin, crite

    par lui-mme - Tome I (French)

    Vie de Benjamin Franklin, crite par lui-mme - Tome II (French)

    Culture (57)

    Culture

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    Emergent Uses: The Buddhas of Bamiyan

    Destruc've Event

    Culture LD

    Culture LD

    Report Draft

    Political LD

    Science LD

    Scientist

    Diplomat

    Archeologist

    Journal Publication

  • American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015American Art CollaboraEve: PerspecEves and ConsideraEons 15 January 2015

    GOING FORWARD

    Communicate value of linked data back home and abroad

    Pay close aSenEon to parallel acEviEes

    Share knowledge, experience, needs

    Norman Rockwell, Rosie the Riveter, 1943, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art hSp://bit.ly/1z132rq

  • www.designforcontext.com

    Duane Degler @ddegler duane@designforcontext.com

    Neal Johnson @vanWinkleTunes neal@designforcontext.com

    American Art Collabora/ve Perspec'ves and Considera'ons

    15 January 2015