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Alliance High School, American History Research, 7th Period Civil War Magazine

TRANSCRIPT

  • Gettysburg Diseases Robert E. Lee

    Espionage Technology Medicine Photography Underground Railroad Abraham Lincoln KKK

    American History Research Tom Swanson Period Seven

  • Table of contents ARTICLES:

    Timeline

    Amputations

    Arlington

    Artillery

    Bull Run

    Cotton Gin

    Diseases

    Fort Pillow Massacre

    Fugitive Slave Act

    Gettysburg

    KKK

    Lee

    Lincoln

    Medicine

    Memorial Day

    Military Technology

    Music

    Photography

    Repeating Rifle

    Sanitary Commission

    Spies

    Submarines

    Personal experiences of North

    Personal experiences of South

    Quotes

    Underground Railroad

    Uniforms

    54th Mass.

    PAGES:

    2 and 3

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    12, 15, 25, and 35

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  • The Civil War: Timeline

    Election of Lincoln Nov. 6, 1860

    South Carolina Secedes Dec. 20, 1860

    Battle of Fort Sumter April 12, 1861

    First Battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861

  • Antietam Sept. 17, 1862

    Second Battle of Bull Run Aug. 28-30, 1862

    Emancipation Proclamation Jan. 1, 1863

    Battle of Gettyburg July 1-3, 1863

  • Sherman Burns Atlanta 1864

    Lee Surrenders April 1, 1865

    Lincon is Assasinated April 14, 1865

    13th Amendment Dec. 18, 1865

  • Deaths:

    Amputations!

    What is an Amputation?

    Amputation is when a doctor surgically removes a limb or body part that is of no use to you. It is removed because it is a problem and causes great pain to you. Amputations in the Civil War were performed in the camps where the nurses and doctors where located.

    B Y : B R A Y L A A L W I N

    Reasons:

    Kinds of Amputations: ~Arm ~Whole Leg ~Below the Knee ~Fingers ~Toes

    A soldier usually got shot causing the bullet to take in dirt and other bacteria to the wound getting the entire entrance wound infected. One bullet that caused quite a bit of damage was the Minie Ball. It had the ability to kill over 1,000 yards away.

    If a limb was amputated before having it for 24 hours the patient had a good chance of living. There was only a 25% mortality rate then.

    After 24 hours of being wounded the patient has a 50% chance of dying from infection from the wound.

    Tools

    Many tools like knives and saws were used. They were also put to use on more than one person with out being sterilized. If a tool fell on the ground it was simply rinsed off in cold water then laid back on the table for use. Surgeons wore blood stained aprons.

  • Arlington National Cemetery performs 27 to 30 funeral services each day. The grounds of Arlington National Cemetery honor those who have served our nation by providing a sense of beauty and peace for our guests. The rolling green hills are dotted with trees that are hundreds of years in age and complement the gardens found throughout the 624 acres of the cemetery. This impressive landscape serves as a tribute to the service and sacrifice of every individual laid to rest within the hallowed grounds of Arlington National Cemetery.

    The Army National Cemeteries Program, consisting of Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia and Soldiers and Airmens Home National Cemetery in Washington, DC, are under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army.

    On behalf of the American people, lay to rest those who have served our nation with dignity and honor, treating their families with respect and compassion, and connecting guests to the rich tapestry of the cemetery's living history, while maintaining these hallowed grounds befitting the sacrifice of all those who rest here in quiet repose.

    What happened at Diver AFB exceeds on many levels the nationwide anger that resulted from reports of mistreated wounded at the former Walter Reed Army Medical Center in 2007 and reports of lost or misplaced graves at Arlington National Cemetery.

  • C I V I L W A R

    North By Sara, Beth, and

    Mark

    Abraham Lincoln

    He was the war hero of the civil war

    He was Lincolns last choice as a general

    He captured important confederate forts in Tennessee

    He led the army into the battle of Vicksburg and won

    Strengths There were many advantages that the North had over the South and here are a few. One of the advantages North had over South was the manufacturing capability. Since the North had the Industrial Revolution, they had better weapons manufactured. We had the population advantage, manufacturing, natural resources, finances, and transportation.

    Weaknesses The North lacked agriculture and slavery was illegal. Therefore the South was more successful because of the Cotton Gin and because slavery was allowed. The North was not as loyal as the South. Also we had very poor leadership skills, which made it hard to have any real leader at all.

    Ulysses S Grant Commanding General

    He was our 16th President He wasnt to concerned

    about abolishing slavery at first until progressing problems grew in the South

    He switched generals many times throughout the Civil War

    After his victory at Antietam he delivered the Emancipation Proclamation to abolish slavery

    Colors North: Navy Blue

    South: Tan

  • Leaders

    Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant Stonewall Jackson

    Phillip H. Sheridan

    Strengths ! They were fighting in

    their own territory so they were closer to supplies

    ! They were familiar with the territory

    ! They had better leaders ! Most people believed in

    keeping slaves so they fought harder

    The South

    Weaknesses ! Railroad systems were

    not completed so they didnt get supplies as fast

    ! They didnt have much money to support the war

    ! Did not have good communication

    ! Economy was based on agriculture which means they had to import supplies from other countries

  • !

  • Bull Run Nick Smith per.7 11/10/11

    The Battle of Bull Run was fought in Virginia a few miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. The plan was to make it a quick fight for the North. They planed to come in and just take the confederates capital over and just have the war end right there. The confederates found out about the flank and the were able to stop that from taking them over. That sent the union for the retreat towards Washington. That gave the south a surge of confidence and it shocked many people of the north. The union realized the war wouldnt be easily won.

  • Facts

    Cotton Gin By Sara Schleicher

    Civil War Uses

    The Cotton Gin was useful during the Civil War in many ways. Here are a few. The Cotton Gin helped the soldiers to make more clothing more quickly. The cloth was also cheaper. Cotton was in high demand and became a cash crop. The Cotton Gin also became known as King Cotton. But because of the cotton gin the number of slaves increased due to the need of cotton pickers. It affected politics up until the time of the Civil War.

    Fact #1 Fact #2

    The Cotton Gin was a machine used to clean

    cotton.

    Fact#3

    It was a very important role in

    the Civil War.

    C I V I L W A R

    Inventor Eli Whitney was born on December 8th 1765 in Westboro Massachusetts. He invented the Cotton Gin in 1793. His maim purpose was that he wanted it to be easier to clean cotton. It separated the cotton from the seeds. Eli however did not profit from his invention though because many other cotton gins were replicated and he didnt gain by it.

    The Cotton Gin was invented in 1793, by Eli

    Whitney.

    Materials Used

    The cotton gin was made from a small screen and pulling hooks. The pulling hooks were used to force the cotton through the screen.

  • !

  • !!

    "War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is, the sooner it will be over."

    General William Tecumseh Sherman

  • By: Caitlyn Guthmiller

    Fort Pillow Massacre

    One of the best raiders was named Nathan Bedford Forrest. He commanded the cavalry in Tennessee. After the victory of Chickamauga, He didnt want to serve under General Bragg anymore.

    The Fort Pillow massacre was one of the worst blots on the record of Confederate troops during the Civil War of Fort Pillow which was located on the Tennessee bank of the Mississippi River, and the Union took it over in May 1862. Two years later, since the main fighting was on the road to Atlanta, the Confederate raiders still made the Union keep garrisons across the occupied south. There were a lot of deaths but The north was always able to kill more on the south then the south was able to on the north.

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    Fugitive Slave Act Kolbee Rein

    On September 18, 1850 United States Congress passed the Fugitive Slave act. This was one of the most controversial acts of the 1850 compromise, heightening the Northern fears of slave power conspiracy. The Fugitive Slave Act declared that all runaway slaves must be brought back to their masters. In 1843, several hundred slaves a year escaped to the North, making slavery and unstable institution in the border states. The earlier Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 was a Federal law written with the intention of enforcing Article 4, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. Some Northern states passed personal liberty laws, which required a jury before alleged sl