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Alicia Keys. History and Compostion By Hayley Mateer. The Princess of Soul. Background in music theory and classical music Incorporated styles within her music: Gospel Vintage soul Classical piano R&B Jazz. Early Years. Birth Name: Alicia Augello Cook - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Alicia Keys

Alicia Keys

History and Compostion

By Hayley MateerBackground in music theory and classical musicIncorporated styles within her music:GospelVintage soulClassical pianoR&BJazz

The Princess of Soul

Alicia Keys is a sensational artist that writes and produces her own music. Unlike many music contemporaries, she has an extensive background in music and studied classical music throughout her childhood. Alicia Keys is the Princess of Soul and she shows it throughout her music. Although most classify her as an R&B singer she is much more than that. She incorporates gospel, vintage soul, classical piano, Jazz and R&B into her music. This makes Alicia truly unique.2Birth Name: Alicia Augello CookBirth Date: January 25, 1981Birth Place: New York, New YorkParents: Theresa Augello, a white woman with Italian and Irish Decent, and to a black father, Craig Cook.

Early musical influence: was her mother

Early YearsAlicia Keys was born as Alicia Augello Cook on January 25, 1981, in New York, New York. She was born to Theresa Augello, a white woman with Italian and Irish Decent, and to a black father, Craig Cook. Her parents divorced when she was two years old and she was raised by her mother, who was a paralegal and an actress. Her mother was into musical theater and encouraged Alicia in her musical path and being on stage. Alicia was sent to music and dance class as a child.

3She became interested in music at an early ageStarted study of classical music at the age of seven.Studied Chopin, Mozart, Beethoven and the Suzuki method.The study of classical music separated Alicia from the rest.Learning the Piano

Alicia was interested in music at a very young age and started to play the piano. She started her classical training at the age of seven and studied Chopin, Mozart and Beethoven. Alicia believes that learning the piano has helped her to be a better songwriter and musician and it helped her with the structure of her songs. She knew that her study of classical music separated her from other artists. She understood music theory and how everything is put together.4Musical Influences

ChopinStevie WonderPrinceMarvin GayeQuincy JonesBarbara StreisandNina Simone

Alicia had many musical influences that inspired her. Of course Chopin was a huge influence, because of her classical studies. She liked Chopin out of all the classical musicians because she loved she sees him as a romantic blues composer. Other influences are Stevie Wonder, Prince, Marvin Gaye, Quincy Jones, Barbara Streisand and Nina Simone. 5Age 12- Enrolled in performing arts school

Age 14- Started writing songs

Age 16- Graduate as valedictorian and accepted to Columbia University

Teen YearsAt age 12 Alicia was enrolled in the profession performing arts school and majored in choir. At age 14 she began writing her own songs. At age 16 Alicia graduated as valedictorian and attracted the attention of many record companies during her high school years. Alicia signed with Artista Records in 1998 and was also accepted to Columbia University. After 4 weeks in college she left to focus on her music.6Started at Artista RecordsLeft Artista after a year and went to J Records withClive Davis

Wanted stage name to be WildWhen with the stage name KeysStart of Musical Career

Alicia started with Artista Records and began to realize that she didnt have the freedom that she wanted in creating and writing songs. Clive Davis was the head of Artista records and left to start his own company called J Records. Alicia Followed Davis, and found that she was able to have more freedom to use her own material. Alicia had to choose a stage name and had contemplated the name Wild. Alicia and Davis finally came up with the name Keys because it suited her.7Set up recording studio called KrucialKeys

Recorded 5 albumsSongs in MinorThe Diary of Alicia KeysAs I AmThe Element of FreedomSongs In Minor 10th AnniversaryRecording Studio

Alicia went on to set up a recording studio called KrucialKeys with the Kerry Krucial Brothers. This team at the recording studio helped Alicia in the production of her albums. Her first album Songs in Minor went platinum 5 times over. Her other albums were The Diary of Alicia Keys, As I Am, The Element of Freedom, and Songs in Minor 10th Anniversary.8Song is on Songs in Minor albumReleased in 2001Signature songWon 3 Grammy AwardsSong a classical feelMeaning has to do with relationshipsFallin Composition History

Alicia produced and wrote her first album Songs in Minor which included the song Fallin. This song is considered to be Alicias signature song and was her first number one single in the United States. The song won her three grammies in 2002, as song of the year, Best R&B song, and Best femaile R&B Vocal Performance. The lyrics of the song have to do with the ins and outs of relationships. Its about fallin in and out of love with a person. Many have said that the song has a classical feel to it with broken chords like Moonlight Sonata.90:00 Introduction-vocal acapella

0:10 Verse 1-piano comes in solemn and slow

0:38 Chorus-drums emphasize 4th beat

0:55 Verse 2-sonata rhythm

Fallin Listening Guide

In the Introduction, the song has no instrumental and starts with Alicia singing in Acapella.In verse 1: The piano comes in to accompany singing. The piano is very slow and solemn and has a grave tempo. Within this verse backup singers come in to emphasize different words and snare drums and bass drums also come in.In the chorus, backup singers sing the harmony and drums emphasize the 4th beat. Jazzy style.In verse 2 Alicia and backup singers are singing and strings are in the background and paino has sonata type rhythm.

101:23 Chorus- backup singers prominent

1:39 Bridge- repetition and backup singers repeat

2:09 Chorus repeated 3 times

2:55 Conclusion- All instrumental and plucking strings added

Fallin Listening Guide (Continued)In the next chorus the backup singers are more prominentIn the Bridge there is a lot of repetition and it consists of of the backup singers doung a round with the words Im fallinThe chorus is repeated 3 times in unison with the backup singersIn the Conlusion it is all instumental. The violins are most prominent in this part of the song. Strings start out smooth and then go on to plucking.11On the album The Element of Freedom.Released in October 2009Song contains Heavy drum feeling portrayed by the pianoSong meaning; importance of love against materialismDoesnt Mean Anything Composition History

Doesnt Mean Anything is on Alicias 4th studio Album The Element of Freedom. She first performed this song in September 2009 at the MTV awards, but the song wasnt released until October of that same year. This song was released as the lead single on the album. This song has a piano heavy drum feeling and the lyrics are talking about the the importance of love against materialism. 12i.0;:00 Introduction- Piano and drums in moderato

Ii.0:19 Verse 1-start of vocals that contain punctuation

Iii0:37 Verse 2-similar to verse 1, different text with descending of piano

Iv0:55 Chorus-tempo change, conjunct voice.

V.1:33 Verse 3- Similar to 1st and 2nd verse. Strings in this verse play the same notes as the piano

Doesnt Mean Anything Listening GuideThe songs starts of with an introduction with piano and drums. The piano creates the main theme and melody to the song. The drums have a steady beat and the piano repeats. The tempo is moderato. Every 4th beat of the drum there is a tamborine.The song then has verse 1. This is where Alicia starts to sing. There is a lot of punctuation in her singing, with pauses and quick stops. One part of the piano plays the theme, and another part descends gradually.Verse 2 is similar to verse 1, but with different textThe chorus comes in at :55 seconds. At this point the tempo changes and her voice is more conjunct and smooth without pauses and quick stops.Verse 3 plays the same tune as the 1st and 2nd verses. The difference is that there are now strings playing the same tune as the piano.13vi.1:46 Bridge- smal bridge with more than one voice quickly singing Should have been there

Vii1:52 Chorus-all instruments together, conjunct

Viii2:27 Bridge- longer bridge with note change in duple meter.. Vocals with backup are ascending

ix2:46 chorus- repeated 2 times

X4:00 coda and end-piano gradually descends. Drums and pianoDoesnt Mean Anything Listening Guide (Continued)There is then a small bridge that is different than the rest of the song. It has backup singer vocals that repeat the words Should have been there and they sing it quickly.The chorus is played again and all the instruments mesh together and are conjunct and smooth and sound like a symphony.There is another bridge that is played, that is longer than the first bridge. There is a note change and it is played very smoothly. The drums and the vocals are the main event here. This part of the song is played in duple meter. Vocals are smooth and the notes that she sings are ascendingThe chorus is repeated twice and there is a downbeat on the drums at every 4th beatThe end of the song consists of the paino gradually descending. There is still and emphasis on every 4th beat of the drum. The piano and drums end the song.14Song in the album As I AmProduced by Alicia, Kerry Brothers and George M HarryReleased in September 2007Her biggest hit songWon 2 Grammies in 2008

Song used in movies and there have been many remixesNo One Composition History

No One was released as the lead song on Alicias album As I Am. This song was produced by Alicia, Kerry Brothers and George M Harry. The song was first head in August 2007, but was released a month later in September 2007. This was her biggest hit that topped many singles charts. It was the most listened to song on U.S. radio of 2008. The song won 2 grammies in 2008.No One was used in the movie 27 Dresses and the television series Ugly Betty. There have been many remixes of the song which include George Micheal, Lil Kim, Damian Marley, Junior Reid, Beenie Man, Barbee and Kanye West. The official remix includes Cassidy, the rapper.15IIntroduction- piano arch and drums at duple meter. With mphasis on 2nd beat. Symbol at every 5th beat.

IiVerse 1- Vocals come in. Symbols hit 3 times at the end of each sentence.

IiiChorus- starts with 1 chord played by equalizer. Sounds like a Horn.

IvVerse 2- same drum sequence. Equalizer comes in with 1 chord played on 1st measure. 2 chords on 2nd measure and 3 chords played on 3rd.

No One Listening GuideThe introduction starts with the piano doing and arch up and down. It also starts with the drums at duple meter and emphasis on every 2nd beat. The piano then plays the theme that continue throughout the song. The symbol is also hit every 5th beat of the drum.In verse 1 Alicia comes in and at the end of each sentence the symbols are hit 3 times in a row and then hit every 5th beat after that. The chorus starts with 1 chord played with an electronic equalizer that sounds like a horn. The piano is still arching up and down.In verse 2 the piano and drums play the same sequence and theme. The electronic equalizer is in this verse. It plays 1 chord on the 1st measure. 2 chords on the second measure, and 3 chords on the 3rd measure.

Verse 2 same as verse 1 as far as piano and drums go.

16VChorus- equalizer copies sound of piano with arch.

ViBridge- String instruments added with notes change

ViiCoda- Oh is sung over and over in an arch. Equalizer plays theme.

XEnd- guitar with emphasis every 3rd chord. Strings conjunct.No One Listening Guide (Continued)In the chorus the equalizer copies the sound of the piano when it does an arch of chords. This is the theme that the equalizer takes from the piano. Drums keep a moderato beat.In the Bridge is where the string instruments are added for variety and contrastCoda is when Alicia says Oh over and over again in an arch and the equalizer continues to play the theme.At the end the song has a guitar playing with an emphasis on every 3rd chord. The string instruments are playing smoothly in the background and are very conjunct.172nd single on Diary of Alicia Keys album

Release in 2004

Stayed at top of charts for 6 weeks

Inspired by Aaliyahs death (The singer)If I Aint Got You Composition History

This song was written by Alicia as her second single on her album The Diary of Alicia Keys This song was release in early 2004 and received 2 grammy nominations. The song stayed at the top of the charts for 6 weeks in a row. The song was inspired by Aaliyahs death. (A singer who died in a car accident). This song came together after Aaliyah died and made Alicia think about what matters most.18IIntroduction- starts with piano. Slow melodic. With arch.

IiVerse 1- Drum with slow beat and emphasis on 4th beat. Jazzy feel.

IiiChorus-Piano and vocals in unison. Vocals crescendo.

ivVerse 2- Trumpets. Vocals have a trill. Backup singers addedIf I Aint Got You Listening GuideThe introduction contains the piano with a slow melodic feel. The piano creates and arch with descending first then to ascending and to descending again.Verse 1 singing starts and there is a drum with a slow beat with an emphasis on the 4th beat. The song has a jazzy feel to it. The piano and her voice are in unison at one point. In the chorus the piano is in unison with Alicias voice for the first measure. Her voice is crescendoing. Her voice is louder with more feeling. Drums are keeping the beat.In verse 2 Trumpets are added to the song and hold 1 note for each measure. Later they are in unison with the vocals. Alicia Makes a trill with her voice at one point in this verse. Backup singers are also added.19vChorus-Trumpets play a few notes

ViCoda- Drums and trumpets stop. Just vocals and piano. Piano is quick but conjunct. Descending

ViiEnd-piano does glissando and Ascends.If I Aint Got You Listening Guide (Continued)In the last chorus trumpets play a few notes here and there. Each note is held for a measure or so. The piano and drums still play the same theme. More backup vocals are addedAt the coda the drums and trumpets stop. At this point it is just her voice and the piano. The piano plays quickly and conjunct. The measures are gradually descending.At the end the piano does a glissando and ascends.201. "Alicia Keys."LyricFreak.com. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. .2. "Alicia Keys."Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 July 2011. Web. 15 Feb. 2012. .3. "Biography."The Official Alicia Keys Site. J Records. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. .4. Stark, Petra. "Alicia Keys, Superwoman."DailyTelegraph. The Telegraph, 16 Nov. 2008. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. .5. "Music News, Reviews, Articles, Information, News Online & Free Music | Billboard.com."Billboard. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. .6. "Alicia Keys To Release The Element Of Freedom In December."- Music, Celebrity, Artist News. M.T.V. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. .7. "No One (Alicia Keys Song)."Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Apr. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. .8. Osei, Anthony. "Alicia Keys.Alicia Keys Says If I Aint Got You Was Inspired By Aaliyah's Death. Complex Music, 9 June 2011. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. .

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