Alexis de Tocqueville - Περί του ατομικισμού στις Δημοκρατικές κοινωνίες

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<p> Alexis de Tocqueville</p> <p>1</p> <p> , , , , . . . , . " , , . . . , ' , . . . . . ,2</p> <p> , . . . , , . , ' , . , , , ' ' . , . , , . , , , : .. , 3</p> <p> , . . . , . - . , , . , , . . , " . , , , , . 4</p> <p> : , . ' . , , , , . , . . , . . . , , . . , , , ' . , , , , . , 5</p> <p> . . . . , , , . . , . . , . " , , . , .</p> <p>6</p> <p> , . , , , , , , . . . , , . - , . , . , , , . , ' , , 7</p> <p> . , , , , , . , , , , . , , ' , . , , . , , ' " . . ' . . . . </p> <p>8</p> <p> " . . , , . , . . . , , , , . . , . , , , , , 9</p> <p> , . , , , " , , . . , . : . Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis de Tocqueville </p> <p> (Robert D. Putnam). , . , (Putnam, 1993: 167 , 1995: 66-67 , 1996a: 34 , 2000a: 18-24). 20 [1] 10</p> <p> (Alexis de Tocqueville), . , , ... , , , . , , , ... . , (, 1994: 154 , 2000: 93-98). , , , , . , , , . , , . , 11</p> <p> . , , -. . , , , (Tocqueville, 1996-1997: 525-526). , . , , , , . , , . . , , , .. (Tocqueville, 1996-1997: 524). , . , . : ) ) . , , 12</p> <p> , , , , , [2]. , , , , , - , . , , . , , , . , . , . , - - , (Besnier, 1991: 80-82, 1999: 158-160).</p> <p>13</p> <p> , - . , , , . . . , , . , , . , , . , . , , , , .14</p> <p> . . , , . , , ( Highlight: ) . . , (Making Democracy Work) [1993], . , . , , , , , . [3]. , (Bowling Alone) [2001] . , ... 20 . , , 15</p> <p> . , , , .. , , , . . , , , , , , , . , . , , , . , , . , , , 1910 1940, 16</p> <p> , baby-boomers ( 1946 1964) X generation ( 1965 1980). , , , , , .. , . . : . , , . . ... , , 17</p> <p> , , , (hrenberg, 2002: 61, Fried, 2002: 30-33). , ... . , . . , , , (Fried, 2002: 35). [4] . , , . . , , (Tocqueville, 1996-1997:701) 18</p> <p> . . , (Putnam, 1993: 89), . . , . , . , . . . . , , . , , , , 19</p> <p>, , , , . , , , , , . . , . , (Putnam, 2000a: 292). , . , , , . . , . , , (Foley &amp; Edwards, 1996: 45). , , , 20</p> <p> , . 19 , . , , Harvard, 20 , , , , . [1] 20 , Pierre Bourdieu James Coleman, Putnam . Portes &amp; Landolt (1996): 18-19 Edwards &amp; Foley (2001): 8-11. [2] Yale, . Pierson (1996):121-123. [3] Putnam, , .:Tarrow (1996) [4] , .: Fine (2003): 90-91 </p> <p>21</p> <p>, Lipset (1995): passim, Schudson (1996): passim. Besnier, Jean-Michel (1991): Tocqueville et les associations, Cahiers de Philosophie Politique et Juridique 19, . 75-82. (1999): Tocqueville et la discussion librale de la democratie. Histoire de la philosophie politique, . 4, Les critiques de la modernit politique ( Alain Renaut). : Calmann-Levy, . 133-161.Edwards, Bob &amp; Foley, Michael W. (2001): Civil Society and Social Capital. A Primer. Beyond Tocqueville. Civil Society and the Social Capital Debate in Comparative Perspective. ( Bob Edwards - Michael W. Foley &amp; Mario Diani). Hanover,NH/ : University Press of New England, . 1-14. Ehrenberg, John (2002): Equality, Democracy, and Community from Tocqueville to Putnam. Social Capital. Critical Perspectives on Community and Bowling Alone ( Scott McLean - David Schultz &amp; Manfred Steger ). /: New York University Press, . 50-73. Fine, Ben (2003): Social Capital versus Social Theory. Political Economy and Social Science at the Turn of the Millenium. / : Routledge. Foley, Michael W. &amp; Edwards, Bob. (1996): he Paradox of Civil Society, Journal of Democracy 7(3), . 38-52. Fried, Amy (2002): The Strange Disappearance of Alexis de Tocqueville in Putnams Analysis of Social Capital. Social Capital. Critical Perspectives on Community and Bowling Alone ( Scott McLean - David Schultz &amp; Manfred Steger ). /: New York University Press, . 21-49.22</p> <p>, (1994): Alexis de Tocqueville, 7, . 137-155. (2000): : . . ( . , . , . ). : / . , . 93-98. Lipset, Seymour-Martin (1995): Malaise and Resiliency in America, Journal of Democracy 6(3), . 4-18 Pierson, George-Wilson (1996): Tocqueville in America. [1 1938]. ,Maryland/: John Hopkins University Press. Portes, Alejandro &amp; Landolt, Patricia (1996): The Downside of Social Capital, American Prospect 26, . 18-21. Putnam, Robert D. -Leonardi, Robert &amp; Nanetti, Rafaella Y. (1993): Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Putnam, Robert D. (1993): The Prosperous Community. Social Capital and Public Life. The American Prospect 4 (13), http://www.prospect.org (1995): Bowling Alone: Americas Declining Social Capital, Journal of Democracy 6 (1), . 65-78. (1996a): The strange disappearance of civic America, The American Prospect 24, . 34-48. (1996b): Robert Putnam Responds, The American Prospect 7(25), http://www.prospect.org (2000a): Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community. : Simon &amp; Schuster. (2000b): Lonely in America. The Atlantic Monthly Schudson, Michael (1996): What if Civic Life Didnt Die?, The23</p> <p>American Prospect 7 (25), : http://www.prospect.org Tarrow, Sidney (1996): Making Social Science Work Across Space and Time: A Critical Reflection on Robert Putnam s Making Democracy Work,The American Political Science Review 90(2), . 389-397. Tocqueville, Alexis de (1996-1997): . . . . . . . : .</p> <p>24</p>