alexandre f. barbosa manager, cetic.br alexandre@nic.br

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ITU/UNESCO “ Forum on Environmentally Sound Management of E-waste in Latin America ” (Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014). Session 2: The role of policies and standards for effective e-waste management The importance of indicators and metrics in policymaking and policy assessment. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • *AGENDAe-Waste: context Challenges to policymakingImportance of indicators and metrics in policymaking and monitoring Multistakeholder approach in producing ICT-related statistics in BrazilChallenges for producing internationally comparable data

    Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *E-waste: contextIncreasing amount of electronic and electrical devices put on market every year; Concern over the problem of used EEE and end-of-life electronics;Lack of awareness on e-waste: recycling, management and processing;Poor and insufficient data and statistics on e-waste;Need of e-Waste policy and legislation which consider environmental impacts.Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • Environmental EducationSmart Societies I&KSSmart BuildingsWaste ManagementTransport and MobilityPublic ServicesEnergy ManegementWater Management*Policymaking and Monitoringe-WasteICTChallenges for policymakingMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • e-WastePolicies and Legislatione-WastePolitical Agenda*Challenges for policymakingMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *How to design effective policies to address the challenges posed by the discarded used electrical and electronic equipment and end-of-life electronics?Measurement matters: evidence-based !Methodology matters !Specific indicators are needed !Challenges for policymakingMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Good policy requires good statistics at different stages of the policymaking process. (Scott, 2005)The impact of policy can be measured with good statistics. If policy cannot be measured it is not good policy. (Othman, 2005)ICT-related statistics

    Survey data in policymakingReliablePolicy relevantTimely (to inform policy decisions)Accessible to all key stakeholdersCost-effective Interdisciplinary enough to address cross-cutting issuesImportance of statistics in policymaking and monitoringMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • Legal framework: policy & legislation;Stakeholders engagement;Administrative data vs sample survey data;Methodological & statistical issues:Sample design / sample size;Rigor in data collection / field control;Internationally comparable data.Data dissemination & communication.

    *OpportunitiesChallengesImportance of statistics in policymaking and monitoringMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *International common framework: methodology, core indicators definition, questionnaire.ICT Households and IndividualsICT EnterprisesICT E-GovernmentICT in EducationICT in HealthICT Survey Models: internationally agreed core indicatorsMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *e-Waste (WEEE - waste electrical and electronic equipment)e-Waste recyclingGreen ICTGreen growth and sustainable developmentInitiatives for measuring environmental impacts: concepts and indicatorsMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal.The Basel Convention entered into force in May of 1992, 2006 (Nairobi Declaration) and 2011 (Cartagena Decisions).Three stated objectives: To minimize the production of hazardous waste;To encourage the local handling of hazardous waste;To minimize the export of hazardous waste from developed to developing countries.Environmental regulations to account for used EEE and end-of-life electronicsMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *SDIs are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (published by Eurostat). 100 indicators.11 indicators have been identified as headline indicators. Sustainable Development Indicators: SDIEU Sustainable Development StrategyMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

    Themes:Socio-economic developmentSustainable consumption and productionSocial inclusionDemographic changesPublic healthClimate change and energySustainable transportNatural resourcesGlobal partnershipGood governance

  • Latin America and Portuguese speaking African countriesBrazilian Internet Steering CommitteeBrazilian Network Information Center*Regional Centre of Studies for theDevelopment of the Information SocietyICT statistics in Brazil: a multistakeholder approachMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Engaging stakeholders: Government, academia and civil societyICT survey processMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Engaging stakeholders: Government, academia and civil societyData dissemination and useMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Pillars of CETICs survey processArticulation of productive partnershipsPlanningDissemination & UseAcademic OrganizationsGovernment & Intl OrganizationsNon-profit OrganizationsThe impact of policy can be measured with good statistics. If policy cannot be measured it is not good policy. (Othman, 2005)Good policy requires good statistics at different stages of the policymaking process. (Scott, 2005)200 Experts

    58 OrganizationsMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Matrix of ICT surveys stakeholdersLevel of interest and insertionMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Matrix of relevance for ICT policiesUse of ICT survey data on policymaking Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *20052013Policymaking and monitoringPolicies based on ICT survey dataRelevance for ICT policiesTax Exemption Program for Computers (Computer for All Program) Broadband National PlanLow Cost Broadband Program (1Mbps at USD 15)Act 12.715/2012: Tax exemption for telecom services in rural areasBroadband for Rural Areas Program (450 MHz-2014)Smart CitiesTelecentresTax Exemption Programs (Internet and smartphone)Proinfo (Computer Labs in public schools)Broadband in Schools ProgramUCA (one laptop per child program)E-Gov Action PlanICT Skills development programsICT impact assessment in the health sectorMontevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Measuring e-Waste: benchmarkingChallenges for producing intl comparable dataFramework for measuring e-wastePoliciesConsumersIndicator 1Indicator 2Indicator nDimensions...Definitions, indicators and data collection instrumentsProducersWhich approach?What should be measured?Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

  • *Montevideo, Uruguay, 12 March 2014

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