alabama smart yard - alabama master gardeners

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Alabama Smart Yard - Alabama Master Gardeners

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  • 1.Introducing Environmental Consciousness and Practical management Optionsto our Yards & neighborhoodsAlabama A&M and Auburn Universities ANR-1359

2. ii 3. is a motto that reflects our states natural resources and biodiversity. Using scientifically based, environmentallysustainable landscape practices, we can maintain and enhance the unique natural beauty of Alabama for ourselvesand for generations to follow. Conservation and efficient, responsible use of our natural resources is the overridingconcept and the educational goal of the Alabama Smart Yards (ASY) program. Participating in this process will saveyou time, energy, and money while preserving our natural heritage.ASY is a cooperative alliance and mission developed by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System, the AlabamaDepartment of Environmental Management, the Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association, the Alabama MasterGardeners Association, and the Auburn University Department of Horticulture.Information contained in this manual was edited and adapted for Alabamas climate and soils from the Florida Yardsand Neighborhoods Program with permission from the authors. We thank the authors for their hard work and theUS Environmental Protection Agency for partial support of this program. We also would like to thank the authors ofthe Tennessee Yards and Neighborhoods Program for sharing ideas and marketing concepts.1. GETTING STARTEDA Successful Landscape Plan.................................................................................................................................1Common Landscape Mistakes...............................................................................................................................32. LANDSCAPE INSTALLATIONPlant Selection and Placement ..............................................................................................................................7Planting Tips...........................................................................................................................................................8Proper Tree Planting..............................................................................................................................................9Turfgrasses ...........................................................................................................................................................11Ask the Experts.....................................................................................................................................................133. WATERING EFFICIENTLY/IRRIGATION PRACTICESWatering Tips.......................................................................................................................................................15Calibrating Irrigation Systems ............................................................................................................................174. CARE AND MAINTENANCEPruning .................................................................................................................................................................19Lawn Maintenance and Mowing .......................................................................................................................21Fertilizing Lawns..................................................................................................................................................21Fertilizing Woody Landscape Plants ..................................................................................................................24Soil Testing ...........................................................................................................................................................25Indicator Species of Healthy Environment ........................................................................................................265. MULCHINGMulch Facts ..........................................................................................................................................................27Guidelines for Using Mulch................................................................................................................................27How Much to Buy................................................................................................................................................28Using Yard Waste as Mulch ...............................................................................................................................29iii 4. 6. RECYCLING YARD WASTERecycle While You Mow .....................................................................................................................................31Composting ..........................................................................................................................................................327. ATTRACTING WILDLIFERequirements for Wildlife...................................................................................................................................35Butterfly Gardens.................................................................................................................................................36Honey Bees ...........................................................................................................................................................37Good Plants for Bees ............................................................................................................................................388. MANAGING YARD PESTS RESPONSIBLYIntegrated Pest Management ..............................................................................................................................41Avoiding Pest Problems .......................................................................................................................................42Identifying Pest Problems ....................................................................................................................................43Treating Pest Problems ........................................................................................................................................43Common Landscape Pests and Their Management ..........................................................................................44Plant Diseases .......................................................................................................................................................469. REDUCING STORMWATER RUNOFFNonpoint Source Pollution..................................................................................................................................47Making Every Raindrop Count ...........................................................................................................................48Grasslined Swale................................................................................................................................................48Nonimpervious Surfaces ...................................................................................................................................49Rain Barrels and Cisterns ....................................................................................................................................50Controlling Mosquitoes and Algae.....................................................................................................................53Rain Chains ..........................................................................................................................................................53Rain Gardens ........................................................................................................................................................54Constructed Wetlands and Retention Ponds .....................................................................................................5610. PROTECTING THE WATERFRONTSaltwater Considerations.....................................................................................................................................59Freshwater Considerations..................................................................................................................................60Manmade Lakes and Ponds...............................................................................................................................60Stormwater Control Ponds (Retention Ponds)...................................................................................................61Seasonal Ponds .....................................................................................................................................................61APPENDIX Extension Agents........................................................................................................................................63 Extension Master Gardener Helpline.......................................................................................................63 Publications ................................................................................................................................................63 Plant List .....................................................................................................................................................65 Plants for Rain Gardens.............................................................................................................................79 Regional Plant Nurseries ...........................................................................................................................81 Site Assessment Instructions .....................................................................................................................85 Site Assessment Checklist .................................................