(AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION).  Paleolithic-  “Old Stone Age.”  Mesolithic-  “Middle Stone Age.”  2,000,000 BC – 10,000 BC-  Hunter-Gatherers-  Searching

Download (AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION).  Paleolithic-  “Old Stone Age.”  Mesolithic-  “Middle Stone Age.”  2,000,000 BC – 10,000 BC-  Hunter-Gatherers-  Searching

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<p>Neolithic Revolution</p> <p>Neolithic Revolution(AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION)</p> <p>HUMAN MIGRATION OUT OF AFRICA</p> <p>PALEOLITHIC &amp; MESOLITHIC AGESPaleolithic-Old Stone Age.Mesolithic-Middle Stone Age.2,000,000 BC 10,000 BC-Hunter-Gatherers-Searching for food.Nomadic-Move around a lot.Men-Hunt &amp; fish.Women-Gather fruits, nuts, roots.</p> <p>NEOLITHIC REVOLUTIONNeo-Means new. Lithic-Means rock or stone). This is the New Stone Age-Stones are used for tools, weapons, etc. First Agricultural Revolution ever!</p> <p>NEOLITHIC EXPANSION</p> <p>GEOGRAPHIC FACTORSAdvances in agriculture- Creates stable food supply. Permits development of society.Why is development of farming considered a revolution?</p> <p>FOOD SUPPLY BEFORE THE REVOLUTION</p> <p>People are food gatherers- Not food producers.Nomadic- Roaming existence.Consume all food in area-Man moves on.Look for another food supply.Follow migration patterns of herds-Deer, elk, bison, mammoths, etc.</p> <p>SHELTER BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONNomads live on what environment can provide-Live in Caves.Cave + Man = Caveman!Or temporary shelters made of wood &amp; hides.</p> <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YD36ZhpHPpE</p> <p>EARLY HUMAN SHELTER</p> <p>SOCIAL STRUCTURE BEFORE THE REVOLUTIONSocial Structure is based on family-A group of families is called a Clan.E.g.: McLean Clan</p> <p>ART &amp; INNOVATION BEFORE THE REVOLUTION</p> <p>Drawings &amp; art work -Have been found. Lascaux Cave Painting in France (17,000 years old!!!).Primitive weapons &amp; tools.Sewing needles.Use of fire.</p> <p>LIFE BEFORE THE AGRICULTUREREVOLUTIONSubsistence lifestyle-Supporting oneself at a minimum level.Bare essentials. Number 1 priority-Find food.Whole family (clan). </p> <p>LANGUAGE BEFORE THE REVOLUTION</p> <p>Verbal communication used. Symbols used to mark places of importance. </p> <p>EARLY NEOLITHIC CULTURES</p> <p>DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTUREBAM!!!Man learns to farm-Able to settle in one place! Able to acquire more things!Changes occur independently-All over the world!Takes several thousand years. </p> <p>FOOD SUPPLY AFTER THE REVOLUTIONStart food producing-Plant.Tend.Harvest.Store crops. Domesticate animals- Used for food. Beasts of burden. Hunting supplements the food supply.</p> <p>SHELTER AFTER THE REVOLUTIONMud bricks-Building material.Eventually stones are used-Leads to rock being quarried &amp; cut for building. Villages located near fields-Other reliable food sources (rivers/sea) .</p> <p>STONE WALLS</p> <p>SOCIAL STRUCTURE AFTER THE REVOLUTION</p> <p>Complex social structures develop-Many clans began living in close proximity.Gender separation-Men-Farm. Herd.Hunt.Women-Work near home. Child-rearingFood preparation. </p> <p>SOCIAL STRUCTURE CONTINUED..Religion develops-Explain the forces of nature.Governments develop-Organize activities. </p> <p>ART &amp; INNOVATION AFTER THE REVOLUTION</p> <p>Carving &amp; statuary. Complex tools &amp; advances- Weapons.Plows pulled by animals. Building techniques. Cloth making &amp; weaving.Architecture/building-Religious or common use. </p> <p>SPECIALIZATION AFTER THE REVOLUTIONPeople specialize in various tasks-Tool maker.Stone cutter.Potter.Basket weaving.Early metallurgyRegional resources are gathered &amp; traded-Beginnings of economics!</p> <p>LANGUAGE AFTER THE REVOLUTIONDevelopment of pictographic languages-Egyptian HieroglyphicsWritten language (alphabet). Develop to keep records-Food storage.Trade. </p> <p>WHAT DO CITIES LEAD TO?CITIES LEAD TOWHAT IS A CIVILIZATION?Civilization An advanced state-Intellectual development.Cultural development.Material development.Progress in-Arts. Sciences.Extensive use of record-keeping-Writing!!!Complex political &amp; social institutions. </p> <p>FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONGovernment Range from very basic to very complex. Student council is considered a form of governing body. Serve as central authority or makes decisions for group.Individual or group.Some form of written language-Record keeping became necessary. Why? </p> <p>FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONDivision of labor-Specialization in jobs. Breakdown of work into tasks or parts.Assigned to various people or groups for purposes of efficiency.Social classes or social hierarchy Determined by different things-Wealth.Power.Ethnicity.</p> <p>FEATURES OF A CIVILIZATIONAdvanced technical skills-Inventions.Art &amp; Architecture.An appreciation of something that is more than just basic. Religion or belief systemPeople who share similar beliefs.May vary somewhat among people.There is a core belief-Reflected in religious beliefs as well. </p> <p>ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS</p> <p>CURRENT CIVILIZATIONS</p>