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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 1

    Driver EducationAggressive Driving Unit

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 2

    Aggressive Driving Statistics

    One-third of all crashes: related to aggressivedriving behaviors - NHTSA

    Aggressive driving: plays a part in two- thirds

    of all traffic fatalities - USDOT

    Aggressive Driving: One of the top threedriving highway safety concerns along with

    DUI & non-use of seat belts USDOT

    Aggressive Driving is more of a threat than DUI-1996 AAA Survey

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 3

    Aggressive Driving Statistics

    Illinois State Police reported aggressive &reckless driving as the single largest call forservice in Chicago.

    Aggressive Driving & Illinois Law

    - Aggressive driving actions are charged underIllinois reckless driving statutes.

    - Fines and penalties may be levied up to $1500require traffic school, and/or attend victim impactpanel discussions.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 4

    12 Illinois AggressiveDriving Violations

    In Illinois, aggressive driving is defined ascommitting any two or more of the following

    violations in a single act or series of acts.

    Improper Lane Usage

    Improper Passing On the Right

    Improper Shoulder Driving Following Too Closely

    Disobeying Police Officer

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 5

    12 Illinois AggressiveDriving Violations

    6. Disobeying Traffic Control Device Or Sign

    7. Drag Racing

    8. Speeding - In School & Construction Zones

    9. Improper U-Turn

    10. Failure To Signal

    11. Failure To Yield12. Disobeying Railroad Crossing Signal

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 6

    Legislative Penalties For The AggressiveDriver

    Penalties May Include Any Or All Of The Following

    Fines Prison Time

    Required Aggressive Driving Education

    Suspension of License

    Revocation of License

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 7

    What is Aggressive Driving?

    Driving which creates undue risk or endangersthe safety of another person or vehicle.

    Involves the operation of a motor vehicle in amanner which endangers or is likely to

    endanger persons or property NHTSA Aggressive driving may range from personal

    risk-taking behavior to hostile actions towardsother motorists.

    NHTSA characterizes aggressive driving as atraffic offense.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 8

    What is Road Rage?

    Driving which creates undue risk or endangersthe safety of another person or vehicle.

    Road rage refers to a display of aggression by

    an angry or impatient motorist who attempts toinjure or kill another driver over a traffic dispute

    NHTSA characterizes road rage as a criminaloffense vs. aggressive driving which is viewed

    as a traffic offense.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 9

    Symptoms ofAggressive Driving

    Thoughts of violence against other users

    Always driving in a hurry Constantly criticizing other drivers

    Not observing laws you do not agree with

    Believing that your driving is not part of theproblem

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 10

    Emotional Impairments AssociatedWith Aggressive Driving

    1. Driving through red lights.

    2. Driving through yellow lights.3. Rolling stops.

    4. Cutting corners or rolling over double

    center lines.5. Blocking intersections.

    6. Failure to yield.

    Category 1: Impatience and Inattentiveness

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 11

    Emotional Impairments AssociatedWith Aggressive Driving

    7. Improper lane change or weaving.

    8. Driving 5 to 15 miles per hour over the limit.

    9. Following too closely.

    10. Not signaling when required.

    11. Erratically slowing or speeding up.

    12. Taking too long/ inefficient driving.

    Category 1: Impatience and Inattentiveness

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 12

    Emotional Impairments AssociatedWith Aggressive Driving

    Category 2: Power Struggle

    1. Closing the gap to prevent entry.

    2. Threatening or insulting by yelling, gesturing, or

    honking repeatedly.

    3. Tailgating to punish or coerce.

    4. Cutting off to retaliate.

    5. Braking suddenly to retaliate.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 13

    Emotional Impairments AssociatedWith Aggressive Driving

    Category 3: Recklessness & Road Rage

    1. Chasing in a duel.2. Driving drunk.

    3. Pointing a gun or shooting.

    4. Assaulting with the car or battering object.5. Driving at very high speeds.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 14

    Aggressive Driving ProfilesSteering Clear Of Highway Madness- Dr. John Larson

    Identifies 5 categories of aggressive drivers.

    SpeedersGetting to a destination as fast as possible.

    Passive AggressorsView driving events aswin/lose situations.

    NarcissistsAngered by drivers who do not drive theway they want them to.

    VigilantesBelieving it is their right or duty to teach alesson.

    CompetitorsAlways wanting to win & be first.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 15

    Aggressive DrivingTrigger Events

    Dr. Arnold Nerenberg - Characterizes four major trafficsituations that trigger aggressive driving.

    1. Feeling Endangered

    2. Being Detained (When Others Drive Too slowly)

    3. Watching Others Disregard Rules of the Road

    4. Feeling the Need To Retaliate

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 16

    Aggressive DrivingPersonality Emotions - Attitudes

    Aggressive Predisposition:High Anger Drivers Drive more aggressively.

    Perception Of Other Drivers Actions:

    Beliefs Regarding Other Drivers Motives.

    Mood Effects - AAA Study:Identified Unsafe Drivers More Affected By Mood.

    Restrained Behavior:Drivers Are Less Restrained Regarding Behavior

    Because They Feel They Will Not See Other Drivers Again.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 17

    Aggressive DrivingPersonality Emotions - Attitudes

    Territorial Nature:People See Their Vehicle As Part Of Their Personal Space.

    Learned Behavior:

    Children Grow Up Watching Their Parents DriveAggressively Along with Media Reinforcement.

    Acceptance:Societal Acceptance Of Aggressive Driving Increasing.

    Power & Control:An Addictive Sense of Power & Control Are Attributed ToAggressive Driving

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 18

    Aggressive Driving Solutions

    Create a relaxing environment with music.

    Remind yourself that you cant change other

    drivers, but you can change your response to

    them.

    Practice self conscious driving: Think

    positively regardless of the bad driving around

    you.

    Before You Drive

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 19

    Aggressive Driving Solutions

    While You Drive

    Adopt the values of cooperation, toleranceand rationality.

    Monitor your thoughts.

    Recognize that everyone makes mistakes.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 20

    Aggressive Driving Solutions

    While You Drive

    When you do get angry create a distraction

    - Count to 20

    - Turn on the radio.

    Calm yourself by talking through the situation.

    Breathe deeply, use breathing techniques to

    relax and regain control.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 21

    Am I An Aggressive Driver?

    Tape record yourself while driving

    Listen to the comments later & note how you

    are really acting or thinking while driving.

    Ask others to comment on your driving

    Websites with road rage quizzes:

    http://www.

    aloha.net/-dyc/surveys/#Tests

    nhtsa.dot.gov/people/outreach/employer/nets98/pdf_2/Agdriv.pdf

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 22

    Summary - Be Wise

    Avoid all conflict if possible. If challenged:

    - take a deep breath

    - get out of the way (Even if you are right.)

    Instead try to be more forgiving and tolerant.

    Recognize the absurdity of traffic disputes.

    Focus on whats really important in life.

    Save your energy and your life-for somethingreally important.

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    Aggressive Driving 2002 - ISBOE 23

    SummaryEmotional Challenges

    Driving is emotionally challenging

    because unexpected events happen