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DESCRIPTIONAgenda 9/25/2012. Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1. Two questions. Two minutes for each question. Intro to South America Power Point Map & Notes on South America: Physical Geography Parts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Agenda 9/25/2012Warm-up: Week 5, Day 1. Two questions. Two minutes for each question. Intro to South America Power PointMap & Notes on South America: Physical GeographyParts 3 & 4 of the World Map Activity is due Friday Sept. 28 in class. Remember this is a test grade!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
STAAR TestQuestions are very rarely recall of material from the class. Most questions will ask you to use a skill and content knowledge to answer a question. This is a harder type of question!
General Facts:4th largest continent in land areaIn the Western Hemisphere, South of Central AmericaBetween the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans7,000 miles across
Mountains:Andes Mountains- the longest and some of the highest in the worldRun 4,500 miles in western South America. Once part of the Incan Empire
MountainsandPeaksAndes Mts.Sierra Madres Mts.Guiana HighlandsBrazilian HighlandsPatagonian PlateauAndes Mountains (Peru)
The Eastern Flank of the Andes
Llamas in the Andes
Guianan Highlands, Venezuela
Patagonian Region (Chile)
Grasslands/PlainsMost of South America = mountains and poor soil = unproductive land. Pampas in Argentina & Uruguay = fertile soil for growing crops & grazing cattle.
ValleysPlainsandBasinsAmazon BasinPampasMato GrossoGran ChacoLlanosAmazon Rain Forest
Cattle Ranching on the Pampas
Gauchos of the Pampas, Argentina
DesertsAtacama DesertNazca DesertAtacama Desert
RainforestsIn northern part = warm, humid climatesAmazon Rainforest- worlds largest in Brazil. Being cut down (deforestation) for ranches & farms.Amazon Rain Forest
On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest
Deforestation in the Amazon
Bodies of WaterAmazon River- 2nd longest in the world, largest in the world = more water. Others are Orinoco R. and Rio de la PlataMost people live along or near rivers.
BodiesofWaterAtlantic OceanPacific OceanGulf of MexicoCaribbean SeaAmazon R.Orinoco R.Uruguay R.Magdalena R.Sao Francisco R.Lake TiticacaLake MaracaiboRio de La PlataParana R.The Panama Canal
Going Through the Panama Canal
ClimateWarm because near the equatorMountains & Ocean winds = comfortable temperaturesMore people at higher elevations where cooler.The Tropical Hemisphere
Altitudinal Zonation:Vertical Climate