afterlife myths. additional afterlife myths i.hindu

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  • Slide 1
  • Afterlife Myths
  • Slide 2
  • Additional Afterlife Myths I.Hindu
  • Slide 3
  • Additional Afterlife Myths I.Hindu A.Early Indians- souls to world of bliss with the gods if good, punishment in Hell if evil.
  • Slide 4
  • Additional Afterlife Myths B.Indian religions: after death soul loses its individuality, merges with a greater being.
  • Slide 5
  • Additional Afterlife Myths C. Vedas (holy texts) set down belief in reincarnation. Rebirth is one facet of law of Karma -a soul must keep returning to mortal existence until it has learned all lessons of spiritual evolution.
  • Slide 6
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Human soul evolves gradually from lower forms, starting with minerals and vegetables
  • Slide 7
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Soul progresses up through lower animals, higher animals, then attains human state.
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  • Additional Afterlife Myths 3. Human state allows escape from round of births and deaths. Eliminate desire Become aware of the unity of self with Brahman Rebirth will cease- not the end of being, but perfect bliss, and all will attain it in time.
  • Slide 9
  • Additional Afterlife Myths D. At death, soul goes to land of the dead, ruled over by Yama
  • Slide 10
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Does not judge; assigns region in hells or heavens where soul stays for varying lengths of time
  • Slide 11
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Good soul= rewards in heaven
  • Slide 12
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 3. Bad soul punished for neglect of family obligations, lack of respect for teachers, incorrect bodily habits, (taking animal life, eating flesh, associating with dead things, or body fluids) murder, theft, lying, etc. assigned to one of various hells.
  • Slide 13
  • a.Punishments include being boiled in oil pecked at by birds encircled by snakes and worse.
  • Slide 14
  • Additional Afterlife Myths b. After required time in hell, soul reborn to earth in a lowlier status.
  • Slide 15
  • Additional Afterlife Myths c. Serious crimes, reincarnated as a worm, insect, cockroach, rat, or bird.
  • Slide 16
  • Additional Afterlife Myths d. Crime causing defilement, returns as an untouchable.
  • Slide 17
  • Caste System- India Hindus believe a person is born into one of four castes based on karma and "purity"how he or she lived their past lives. Those born as Brahmans are priests and teachers; Kshatriyas are rulers and soldiers; Vaisyas are merchants and traders; and Sudras are laborers. Within the four castes, there are thousands of sub-castes, defined by profession, region, dialect, and other factors. Untouchables are literally outcastes; a fifth group that is so unworthy it doesn't fall within the caste system. Because they are considered impure from birth, Untouchables perform jobs that are traditionally considered "unclean" or exceedingly menial, and for very little pay. One million Dalits work as manual scavengers, cleaning latrines and sewers by hand and clearing away dead animals. Millions more are agricultural workers trapped in an inescapable cycle of extreme poverty, illiteracy, and oppression.
  • Slide 18
  • Additional Afterlife Myths e. Criminal of worst sort returns as plant
  • Slide 19
  • Additional Afterlife Myths II.Buddhist (Tibetan)
  • Slide 20
  • Additional Afterlife Myths II.Buddhist (Tibetan) A. Everyone has returned from death
  • Slide 21
  • Additional Afterlife Myths I.Buddhist (Tibetan) A. Everyone has returned from death B. Supreme goal is to be born no more
  • Slide 22
  • Additional Afterlife Myths C. Accomplished when one understands that the world and your self are illusions
  • Slide 23
  • Additional Afterlife Myths D.liberates one to merge with the Universal Mind in the state of enlightenment known as Nirvana.
  • Slide 24
  • Additional Afterlife Myths E.At moment of death, deceased enters the Bardo state, afterdeath plane, lasting about 49 days between death and rebirth.
  • Slide 25
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Chikhai Bardo begins at moment of death deceased has vision of liberating Truth may remain several days in trancelike state, unaware that s/he has separated from the physical body.
  • Slide 26
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Chonyid Bardo : deceased encounters dreamlike state of karmic illusion thought forms generated by deceased persons own mental content take on terrifying reality None of these deities or demons has real existence If deceased could realize this, s/he would enter Nirvanic state.
  • Slide 27
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 3. Sidpa Bardo : deceased descends into new physical birth, unable to profit from experiencing two previous Bardo states.
  • Slide 28
  • Additional Afterlife Myths III. Celtic
  • Slide 29
  • Additional Afterlife Myths III. Celtic A.Believed in life after death, evidenced by burial of food, weapons, ornaments with dead.
  • Slide 30
  • Additional Afterlife Myths B.The Druids, early Celtic priesthood, taught doctrine of transmigration of souls
  • Slide 31
  • Additional Afterlife Myths C. Irish believed in an "otherworld," imagined as underground or islands in the sea
  • Slide 32
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Country where there was no sickness, old age, or death, 2. Happiness lasted forever, and a hundred years was as one day.
  • Slide 33
  • Additional Afterlife Myths IV.Ancient Greek
  • Slide 34
  • Additional Afterlife Myths IV.Ancient Greek A.Hades was given Hades, land of the dead, as his inheritance.
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  • Additional Afterlife Myths B.When 3 Fates fix hour of persons death, red-robed deities (called dogs of Hades ) seize dying mortal, carry her to land of shadows.
  • Slide 36
  • Additional Afterlife Myths C.Shade wanders bleak region of black poplars called Grove of Persephone until it reaches gate of Kingdom of Hades.
  • Slide 37
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1.Encounters Cerberus 3-headed watchdog mouth dribbles black venom Will wag tail and ears if given honey cakes, shade permitted to proceed.
  • Slide 38
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Shade must cross Acheron, 1 of 5 underground rivers
  • Slide 39
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 3. Souls taken over river by old Charon, ferryman, who demands an obol. If not buried with obol in her mouth, Charon will pitilessly drive her away.
  • Slide 40
  • Additional Afterlife Myths D.After crossing Acheron, soul sent to a trial led by Hades, assigned eternal home.
  • Slide 41
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1.Ordinary soul remains in neutral region Dull, drab place No sun Few things grow other than asphodel
  • Slide 42
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. For great crime, cast into Tartarus somber place with gates of bronze surrounded by a triple wall on the burning river Phlegethon
  • Slide 43
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 3. Blessed soul who has led pure life goes to the Elysian Fields (Islands of the Blessed); Pleasures you enjoyed on earth Sunlight, flower-filled meadows.
  • Slide 44
  • Additional Afterlife Myths V. Islamic (Hadith, not Koran)
  • Slide 45
  • Additional Afterlife Myths V.Islamic A.At death, soul in tomb visited by the Examiners, Munkar and Nakir
  • Slide 46
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Black angels, breath like violent storms, eyes like lightning flashes.
  • Slide 47
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Question terrified soul concerning its faith.
  • Slide 48
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Question terrified soul concerning its faith a. Answers satisfactory, sweet breezes from paradise blow upon soul, tomb filled with light until Final Judgment.
  • Slide 49
  • Additional Afterlife Myths b. Unsatisfactory answers, walls of tomb crush soul; awaits Final Judgment while being stung by scorpions, beaten with iron mace.
  • Slide 50
  • Additional Afterlife Myths B. On day of Final Judgment, angel Jibrail will hold up a scale, half covering Paradise, half covering Hell.
  • Slide 51
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 1. Your deeds will be weighed, and exact justice will be done.
  • Slide 52
  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Each person given a book, record of her life.
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  • Additional Afterlife Myths 2. Each person will be given a book, record of her life. a. right hand = blessed
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  • Additional Afterlife Myths b. left hand = damned, awaits sentencing in shoes of fire, skull boiling like a pot
  • Slide 55
  • Additional Afterlife Myths C.Allah passes sentence
  • Slide 56
  • Additional Afterlife Myths D.All souls cross Bridge of Sirat, spans f