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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • AFRICA
  • Slide 3
  • AFRICA Plateau (upside down pie) Plateau (upside down pie) Over 200 million years ago dinosaurs walked through this continent Over 200 million years ago dinosaurs walked through this continent Africa and South America were connected at one time Africa and South America were connected at one time
  • Slide 4
  • 4 Regions Of Africa North West East Central and Southern
  • Slide 5
  • NORTH AFRICA Marked by Rocky Mountains Marked by Rocky Mountains Endless Stretches of desert Endless Stretches of desert Sahara Desert- worlds largest Sahara Desert- worlds largest
  • Slide 6
  • WEST AFRICA Most populated region Most populated region Grasslands Grasslands Soil is good for farming Soil is good for farming
  • Slide 7
  • EAST AFRICA Many Mountains and Plateaus (large raised areas of mostly level land) Many Mountains and Plateaus (large raised areas of mostly level land) Grasslands Grasslands Hills Hills
  • Slide 8
  • CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN AFRICA Flat Grassland Flat Grassland Thick Rain Forests Thick Rain Forests Mountains Mountains Swamps Swamps
  • Slide 9
  • Plateau Continent Elevation of land is high Elevation of land is high Mt. Kilimanjaro is Africas tallest mountain, 19,341 feet Mt. Kilimanjaro is Africas tallest mountain, 19,341 feet Coastal plains edge the continent Coastal plains edge the continent Escarpment is a steep cliff Escarpment is a steep cliff The Great Rift Valley- a rift is a deep trench The Great Rift Valley- a rift is a deep trench
  • Slide 10
  • Africas Rivers Useful for traveling Useful for traveling Cataracts-rock filled rapids, make it impossible for ships to sail to sea Cataracts-rock filled rapids, make it impossible for ships to sail to sea
  • Slide 11
  • NILE RIVER Longest river in the world, more than 4,000 miles and twice the width of the U.S. Longest river in the world, more than 4,000 miles and twice the width of the U.S. Excellent farmland surrounds the Nile (overflows its banks) Excellent farmland surrounds the Nile (overflows its banks) Dam water makes electricity Dam water makes electricity Floods make fertile soil Floods make fertile soil
  • Slide 12
  • CONGO RIVER Africas second largest river (2,900 miles) Africas second largest river (2,900 miles) Flows through the rain forest Flows through the rain forest Tributaries-small rivers and streams that flow into larger rivers Tributaries-small rivers and streams that flow into larger rivers
  • Slide 13
  • NIGER RIVER Africas third largest river Africas third largest river Provides water for farms in the river valley Provides water for farms in the river valley People make a living catching fish People make a living catching fish
  • Slide 14
  • ZAMBEZI RIVER Africas fourth largest river Africas fourth largest river Boats travel this river Boats travel this river Runs through six countries Runs through six countries Use strong current to make electricity Use strong current to make electricity Plunges into a canyon, creating Victoria Falls Plunges into a canyon, creating Victoria Falls Can see the mist and spray from the falls almost 40 miles away Can see the mist and spray from the falls almost 40 miles away
  • Slide 15
  • What Influences Climate Location near the equator How close to large bodies of water Major landforms affect climate Elevation (height above sea level) ESSAY QUESTION
  • Slide 16
  • CLIMATE IN AFRICA Tropical climate region (rainy) Tropical climate region (rainy) Usually very hot, but not always Usually very hot, but not always Some children NEVER see rain Some children NEVER see rain Deserts go years without rain Deserts go years without rain Most places have 2 seasons of winter and summer in Africa Most places have 2 seasons of winter and summer in Africa
  • Slide 17
  • Methods of Farming Irrigate- to artificially water your crops Irrigate- to artificially water your crops Oasis- a place where springs and fresh underground water make it possible to support life. Usually in areas that receive little rainfall Oasis- a place where springs and fresh underground water make it possible to support life. Usually in areas that receive little rainfall
  • Slide 18
  • Vegetation Tropical Rainforests-rains all the time, trees, plants, and animals Tropical Rainforests-rains all the time, trees, plants, and animals Tropical Savannas-tall grasses, thorny bushes, scattered trees, dry and wet seasons Tropical Savannas-tall grasses, thorny bushes, scattered trees, dry and wet seasons Deserts-hot and very dry,4-8 inches of rain per year, sand everywhere Deserts-hot and very dry,4-8 inches of rain per year, sand everywhere ESSAY QUESTION ESSAY QUESTION
  • Slide 19
  • Nomads Make their living in the Sahara Move around to make a living They are traders and herders who hunt food Travel to places for water and food Herds of goats, camels, and sheep No sunscreen, they use long, loose robs
  • Slide 20
  • Health Problems Disease is everywhere Disease is everywhere Insects carrying diseases Insects carrying diseases Tsetse fly-kills cattle with a single bite and brings the disease of sleeping sickness to humans Tsetse fly-kills cattle with a single bite and brings the disease of sleeping sickness to humans