africa: a continent of contradictions

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Africa: A Continent of Contradictions. Mrs. Wilson 7 th Grade Geography. Table of Contents. Introduction Landforms Waterforms Climate Vegetation Resources Data and video. University of Phoenix - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Africa: A Continent of ContradictionsMrs. Wilson7th Grade Geography

  • Table of ContentsIntroductionLandformsWaterformsClimateVegetationResourcesData and video

  • University of PhoenixCERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY: Icertify thatthe attachedpaper,which wasproduced forthe class identified above, is my original work and has not previously been submitted by me or by anyone else for any class. I further declare that I have cited all sources from which I usedlanguage, ideas and information,whether quotedverbatim or paraphrased, and that any and all assistance of any kind, which I received while producing this paper, has been acknowledged in the References section. This paper includes notrademarked material, logos, or images from the Internet, which I do not have written permission to include. I further agree that my name typedon the line below is intended to have, and shall have the same validity as my handwritten signature.Student'ssignature (name typed here is equivalent to a signature): __Susan Wilson_____________ ___

  • Action PlanAudience and PurposeAttendees: 13-24Age of Attendees: 12-13Audience are the learnersAudience being introduced to topicAudience is generally negative about the topic (it is not recess)Purpose: Informational PresentationPresentation Method: Speaker-led Delivery: Computer accessing PowerPoint directlyLearning Objectives Students will be familiar with the basic physical geography of Africa.Students will be able to Use thematic maps to identify the landforms, water forms, climate, vegetation, and natural resources of any given country in Africa.Students will use economic and social indicators in addition to geographical information to make inferences about a countrys government and political status.

  • Africas Diverse TopographyLand forms and topographyWater forms Climate regionsVegetation regionsNatural

  • Landforms and TopographyMountainsValleysVolcanoesDesertsBasinPlainsPlateau

  • WaterformsRiversLakesBordering SeasBordering Oceans

  • Climate RegionsMediterraneanTropicalTropical WetTropical Wet/DryDesertSteppeSubtropical humidHighlands

  • Vegetation RegionsMediterraneanDesertRainforestDeciduous ForestMontane ForestEast Africa Coastal ForestSavannahSteppeHighland

  • Main Natural ResourcesGoldDiamondsOilGasCopperUraniumIronManganese

  • Africa Natural Resources

    CountryAgricultural ProductsMineralsALGERIAwheat, oats, olivespetroleumANGOLAcoffee, bananas, maizepetroleum, diamondsBENINcoffee, cocoa, yamspetroleumBOTSWANAmaize, sorghum, livestockdiamondsBURKINA FASOground nuts, cotton, sorghummanganese, limestoneBURUNDIcoffee, cotton, maizegoldCAMEROONcoffee, cocoa, cassavapetroleum, aluminumCHADcotton, millet, sorghumuraniumCONGO (Brazzaville)rice, groundnuts, maizepetroleum, diamondsCONGO (Kinshasa)cassava, maize, coffee, rubbercopper, diamonds, cobalt, gold, zincCOTE D'IVOIREcoffee, cocoa, timber, maize, ricepetroleum, diamonds, manganeseDJIBOUTIsheep, goats, fruit____EGYPTcotton, rice, maize, fruitpetroleum, iron ore, phosphatesEQUATORIAL GUINEAtimber, coffee, rice, yamspetroleumERITREAsorghum, lentils, fish, livestockgold, potash, zincETHIOPIAcoffee, tiv, pulses, livestockgold, , copperGABONcocoa, coffee, oil palm, cassavapetroleum, manganeseGHANAcocoa, cassava, groundnuts, maizegold, bauxite, manganeseGUINEArice, coffee, pineapples, cassavabauxite, iron ore, uraniumGUINEA-BISSAUrice, maize, cassava, fishbauxite, phosphatesKENYAcoffee, tea, maize, sugarcane, livestocklimestone, soda ash, rubiesLIBYAwheat, olives, datespetroleum, gypsumMADAGASCARcoffee, vanilla, sugar, timbergraphite, chromite, coal, bauxiteMALAWItobacco, tea, maize, cassavalimestoneMALIcotton, livestock, millet, ricegold, phosphatesMAURITANIAfish, livestock, millet, riceiron ore, gypsum, copperMOROCCOwheat, barley, citrus, dates phosphates, iron ore, manganeseMOZAMBIQUEcotton, cashew nuts, maize, cassavacoal, titaniumNAMIBIAmillet, sorghum, livestockdiamonds, copper, uranium, goldNIGERcotton, millet, sorghum, cassavauranium, coal, iron oreNIGERIAcocoa, groundnuts, palm oil, maize, sorghumpetroleum, tin, columbite, iron oreSENEGALcotton, groundnuts, sorghum, ricephosphates, iron oreSIERRA LEONErice, coffee, palm kernelsdiamonds, bauxite, iron oreSOMALIAbananas, sorghum, fruits, livestockuraniumSOUTH AFRICAmaize, wheat, sugar, fruits, livestock, poultrygold, diamonds, uranium, chromiumSUDANcotton, sorghum, milletpetroleum, iron ore, copperSWAZILANDsugar, maize, fruits, timberasbestos, coal, clayTANZANIAcoffee, tea, cotton, maize, cassavatin, phosphates, iron ore, diamondsTOGOcoffee, cocoa, yams, cassava, maizephosphates, limestoneTUNISIAolives, dates, citrus, wheat petroleum, phosphates, iron oreUGANDAcoffee, tea, cassava, maize, bananascopper, cobaltZAMBIAmaize, sorghum, groundnutscopper, cobalt, zinc, leadZIMBABWEcotton, tobacco, maize, livestock coal, chromium ore, asbestos

  • Countries with the highest GDP per Capita

    African Countries with Highest GDP per CapitaGDP per CapitaEquatorial Guinea$16,507 Mauritius$13,029 Seychelles$12,135 South Africa$11,035 Libya$11,354 Botswana$10,866 Tunisia$8,223 Algeria$7,095 Gabon$6,977 Namibia$6,658 Cape Verde$6,287 Morocco$5,765 Swaziland$5,181 Egypt$4,282 Angola$2,829 Ghana$2,601 Sudan$2,417 Zimbabwe$2,413 Mauritania$2,307

  • Countries with the Lowest GDP per Capita

    CountryGDP per CapitaCte d'Ivoire$1,475 Rwanda$1,431 Republic of the Congo$1,379 Mozambique$1,335 Burkina Faso$1,326 Nigeria$1,188 Central African Republic$1,163 Benin$1,147 Kenya$1,125 Mali$1,084 Eritrea$917 Zambia$911 Madagascar$911 Sierra Leone$901 Liberia$900 Niger$896 Ethiopia$859 Guinea-Bissau$856 Burundi$753 Tanzania$720 Democratic Republic of the Congo$675 Somalia$600 Malawi$596

  • Namibia Resources in Use

  • AssessmentChoose a country in Africa and fill in the attached chart. Then write a paragraph evaluating the relationship between physical geography and the economic and social welfare of the country.Country Name: _________________________

    IndicatorValueGDP per CapitaHuman Development RankGINI IndexType of GovernmentNatural ResourcesExportsGeographical advantages

    Land forms and topography- Africa has Mountains, Deserts, Valleys, Volcanos, Plains, and Basins, and much of Africa is considered to be a Plateau.Water forms Africa has High and low elevation lakes, Rivers (including the longest one in the world), and is bordered by seas and ocean.Climate regions Most of Africa is in the tropics and is generally warm, but varies greatly in moisture levelsVegetation regions Mediterranean, Desert, Rainforest, and SavannahNatural Resources

    *Mountains Atlas Mtns., Ahaggar Mtns, Mt. Elgon, Mt. Kenya, Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. CameroonValleys Great Rift Valley- Volcanos Many in the area of Great rift Valley where two plates are separatingDeserts Sahara (largest in World), Namibia, KalahariBasin Congo River Basin, Kalahari Basin, Sudan Basin, Chad Basin, Djouf BasinPlains Serengheti-East of the Rift ValleyPlateau- Much of Africa is technically a plateau

    *Rivers Nile River (White and Blue Nile also), Congo, Zambezi, Limpopo, Niger, Volta, SenegalLakes Lake Victoria (high elevation, source of Nile), Lake Chad, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa, Lake AlbertBordering Seas Red Sea to east, Mediterranean Sea to north,Bordering Oceans Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean

    *Mediterranean Warm moist climateTropical- Most of Africa is technically in the tropicsTropical Wet Wet most of the timeTropical Wet/ Dry wet season and dry seasonDesert Dry most of time, hot days and cool nightsSteppe Semi arid with warm temperaturesSubtropical humid cooler moist climate with good growing seasonHighlands Climate affected by elevation example- snow atop Mt. Kilimanjaro which is near the equator

    *Mediterranean Skirts the Northern shore of the Mediterranean, and a small region in South Africa on the cape warm moist climate conducive to farmingDesert Most of northern Africa, and two smaller areas in southern Africa Hot dry climate with only drought tolerant foliageRainforest Broadleaf evergreen forests with near constant rainDeciduous Forest Forests with trees that have a dormant season, and leaves that fall offMontane Forest High elevation forestEast Africa Coastal Forest Coastal forests currently threatened by farming that contain high levels of biodiversity (African Violets)Savannah grasslands with moderate moistureSteppe grass, brush, thicketHighland High elevations-mostly grasslands or above vegetation line

    *Gold: Ghana, Mali, Namibia, S. Africa, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, EritreaDiamonds Sierra Leone (one of the poorest countries in the world), Liberia, Cote DIvoire, Congo, Dem Rep. Congo (also dreadfully poor), much of southern AfricaOil Much in northern Africa, also significant in Nigeria and AngolaGas Mostly in northern AfricaCopper Scattered throughout the continentUranium Namibia, S. Africa, Somalia, Sierra Leone, CHAD, NIGERIron Northern Africa only but not in the desertManganese Morocco, Ghana, Burkina Faso, S. Africa



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