Advanced Floriculture Elements of Design. What are the principles of design? Composition Harmony Texture Scale (Proportion) Form (Line and Shape) Focal.

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  • Slide 1
  • Advanced Floriculture Elements of Design
  • Slide 2
  • What are the principles of design? Composition Harmony Texture Scale (Proportion) Form (Line and Shape) Focal Point Rhythm
  • Slide 3
  • Composition What is it? The overall design when completed The grouping of different components which makes a pattern that the eye sees as a whole
  • Slide 4
  • Harmony The blending together of different components plant material container accessories base background so that each component looks as though it belongs with the others
  • Slide 5
  • Texture The physical surface properties Relates to components, not design Creates interest important in monochromatic designs Examples of textures: silk (smooth) moss (rough)
  • Slide 6
  • Proportion (scale) Size and shape relationship of design components Rule of thumb: tallest piece should be 1 1/2 times as tall or wide as the container actual range: 1 to 5 times height Exception: when the container isnt a visible part of the design
  • Slide 7
  • Form (Line and Shape) Silhouette of the design Used to create certain feelings Straight lines: strength and dominance Curved lines: grace and relaxation A variety of forms (components) adds interest to the design
  • Slide 8
  • Form of Design Most designs fall in these categories: Vertical (bud vase) Horizontal (table centerpiece) Symmetrical triangle Asymmetrical triangle Round, oval and circular Fan and Radiating Curved, crescent and hogarth Parallel and new convention
  • Slide 9
  • Focal Point Visual center of gravity in a design Mechanical focal area: located near the base of the design Visual focal area: usually same as the mechanical area the heaviest area of the design naturally draws the eye
  • Slide 10
  • Rhythm Achieved in four ways: Repetition of color, form, scale Transition: a gradual change in placement or grouping of color, form or scale Facing: where you direct eye movement Balance
  • Slide 11
  • Feeling of weight, stability & security in a design Achieved in the following ways: Mechanical (actual weight distribution) Visual (the way we perceive weight) Formal (symmetrical) Informal (asymmetrical)

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