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Adobe Photoshop CS5 Basics [email protected]

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AdobePhotoshopCS5Basics

[email protected]

AdobePhotoshopCS5:Basics3.0Hours

TheworkshopwillcovercreatingandmanipulatingbasicgraphicsinAdobePhotoshop,andsortingandtagginginAdobeBridge.Topicsincludeanoverviewofcommontoolbarfeatures,creatingimagesusinglayers,andaddingtexttoimages.ThisworkshopassumesnoexperiencewithPhotoshoporBridge,butrequiresaworkingknowledgeoftheMicrosoftWindowsoperatingsystem.Worksheets:

ThePhotoshopInterface.................................................................................................................1

OpenanImage................................................................................................................................1

TheMechanicsofPhotoshop.........................................................................................................3

Menus.............................................................................................................................................3

EditMenu..................................................................................................................................3

ViewMenu................................................................................................................................4

WindowMenu..........................................................................................................................4

SelectMenu..............................................................................................................................5

LayerMenu...............................................................................................................................5

ImageMenu..............................................................................................................................6

Mode................................................................................................................................................6

ImageSize........................................................................................................................................7

CanvasSize.......................................................................................................................................7

PhotoshopToolbox.........................................................................................................................8

TheOptionBar................................................................................................................................9

Palettes...........................................................................................................................................9

NavigatorPalette....................................................................................................................10

ColorPalette...........................................................................................................................10

SwatchesPalette.....................................................................................................................10

StylesPalette...........................................................................................................................11

CharacterPalette....................................................................................................................11

ParagraphPalette...................................................................................................................12

LayerPalette...........................................................................................................................12

HistoryPalette........................................................................................................................13

Updated:10/14/2015

SavingFiles....................................................................................................................................13

ToSaveFileforWeb...............................................................................................................14

Resolution.....................................................................................................................................15

Exercises........................................................................................................................................16

Exercises1NoLayers..........................................................................................................16

Exercises2Layers.................................................................................................................16

Exercises3RepairingRedEye..............................................................................................17

Exercises4RepairingSpots,Scratches,orBlemishes..........................................................17

Exercises5Cropping............................................................................................................18

Exercises6SelectandBlur...................................................................................................18

Exercises7MotivationalPoster/DemotivationalPoster.....................................................20

Glossary.........................................................................................................................................21

Page1

ThePhotoshopInterface

ThisistheAdobePhotoshopWorkspace. ThePhotoshoptoolboxistheheartofthePhotoshopprogram.Oneclickgetsyoutothetoolyouwanttouse. Noteinthesucceedingpicturesthetoolsthathaveasmallblacktriangleinthecorner.Thatdesignatesmoretooloptionsonthatbutton. Forexamplethebrushtoolcanbethebrushorthepencil.OpenanImageToopenanimage,clickonFileonthemenubar.Toopenanexistingimage,clickonOpenorBrowseinBridgethensearchforyourimagefile. Onceyouhavelocatedthefileyouwant,doubleclickingwillopenthefile. YoucanalsousetheAdobeBridgebuttonintheOptionsBar.AdobeBridgeisaseparateprogramforsearchingandorganizingtheimagefilesonyourcomputer.

PalettesintheIconOnlyView

Toopenan existing UsetheAdobe ClickonOpenor

Toolbox

OptionsBar

OpenAdobeMiniBridge

Layout WorkspaceOpenAdobeBridge

MenuBar

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Toopenanewblankcanvas,clickonNewandtheboxbelowwillpopup.Thereareseveraldecisionstomakerightfromthestart.WhatcolormodeshouldIchoose?Whatsizecanvasisneeded?Shouldthebackgroundbetransparentoracolor?Whatshouldtheresolutionbe?

Youcanchooseanameforyourimagehere.Youwillalsohavetheopportunitytonamethefilewhenyousaveitlater.ChoosethesizeofyourdocumentbysettingtheWidthandHeight.Youcanchoosefromsomepresetsizes(clickonthetriangletoseetheoptionsinthedropdownbox)orcreatecustomsizes.Thesizecanbeinpixelsorininchesbychangingthedropdown.Whenworkingwithimagesforanonscreenapplicationusepixels.Forprintapplications,useinchesorcm.Resolutionaffectsthesharpnessandclarityofanimage.Resolutionreferstothenumberofpixels(dotsonaprinterorsquaresonamonitor)perinch. Ifyouareproducingimagesfortheweb,thedefaultof72pixelsperinch(ppi)willbefine.Thatiswhatmostcomputermonitorsshow.Ifyoucreateyourimageforthewebatahigherresolution,thepicturewillbeverylargewhenittriestoopen,thefilewillbelarge,anditwilltakeaverylongtimetodownload.However,iftheimageistobeprinted,itwillneedtobeamuchhigherresolution,frequently300ppi.Forprinting,theactualtermisdotsperinch(dpi)andthemoredotsyouhaveperinchwillgivemoredetailandasmootherlookingpicture.TheColorModedropdownboxgivestheopportunitytosetthecolormode.Colormodetellsthecomputerhowtoidentifycolors.Grayscalegives256variationsofwhitetoblack.Thiswouldbethemodetochooseforblackandwhiteimages.RGBcreatescolorfromdifferingamountsofRed,GreenandBlue.Thisisgoodforonscreenimages.CMYKisthemodetochooseforimagesforprint.ThisusesblendsofCyan,Magenta,YellowandBlack.ThearealabeledBackgroundContentsisforthebackgroundoftheimage.Thebackgroundusuallydefaultstowhite,butyoumaywanttosetatransparentbackgroundorevenaspecificcolorforthefullbackgroundoftheimage.

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TheMechanicsofPhotoshopPhotoshophassomanytools,optionsandactionsthatcanbeusedtocreate,enhance,modifyandmanipulateimages.Thefollowinginformationisjustasamplingofwhatisavailable.ThemenusinPhotoshoparecontextsensitive.Thatmeansifyouselectamenuandanoptionisgrayedout,theoptionisnotavailableinthatsituation.Manyoftheitemsshowthekeyboardshortcutforthatitem.Ifakeyboardshortcutisnotavailable,onecanbecreatedandsavedintheEdit>KeyboardShortcutsoption.

MenusOnthePhotoshopMenuBarareseveralitems,eachwithitsownsetofoptionsinadropdownbox.Shownherearethefirsttwomenuitems,FileandEdit.Theoperationslistedinthesemenusareverysimilartomanyotherapplications.Severalitemshavetheirownsetofoptionsasdesignatedbythesmallblacktriangle.Hoveringontheitemwiththetriangleshowstheflyoutmenu.IfyoudontseethechoicesyouwantyoumayhavetoclickShowAllMenuItemsatthebottomofthemenu.

EditMenuStepBackwardwhichwillcontinuetoundoactions.

Fillwillfilltheentireselectionorlayerwithacolororapattern.

Strokewillpaintacoloredborderaroundaselection,layer,orpath.

FreeTransformwillallowthemanipulationofanimage.Thisallowsthechangingofsizeandshapeinafreeformmanner.Usethemousetomovetheboundinglinesaroundandpressentertoapplythechanges.

Transformallowscertainsetchangessuchasscale,rotate,skew,flip,perspective.Thesearealllistedontheflyoutmenu.

Preferenceswillallowchangestosettingsforgeneraldisplayoptions,filesavingoptions,cursoroptions,transparencyoptions,andoptionsforpluginsandscratchdisks.MostoftheseoptionsaresetinthePreferencesdialogbox.Preferencesettingsaresavedeachtimeyouexittheapplication.Tostart,itisokaytostickwiththedefaults.

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ViewMenuUseZoomIntogetclosertoyourimageandshowmoredetailandZoomOutmovesawayfromtheimageandshowsmoreoftheimageonscreen.FitonScreenchangestheviewtofitthewholeimageontheviewingscreen.ActualPixelsshowstheimageat100%magnification.PrintSizeshowswhattheprintedversionwouldlooklike.Rulersshowsdimensionsoftheimage.Clicktoturnonandoff.Onceonrightclickontherulerstochangeunits.Someavailableunitsareinches,pixels,centimetersandpercent.

WindowMenuTheWindowmenugivesoptionsformanipulatingallopenfilesandshowingandhidingallpalettes.Acheckmarkinfrontofapalettemeansthepalettewillshowonscreen.Palettescanbemovedandplacedwhereyouwantthembyclickingonthetabanddragging.IfallthepalettesgetmovedaroundchoosingWindow>Workspace>Essentials(DefaultWorkspace)willputthembackinthedefaultposition.Youcancreateadifferentworkspacethatsuitsyourwayofworkingandsavethatworkspacesoyoucanusethatsamelayoutinthefuture.Openfilesaretabbedbydefault.Youcanseeeachimagebyclickingonthetab.FromtheWindowmenu,intheArrangesection,youcanchangethatbehaviorandsettheimagestocascadeortile.

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SelectMenuTheselectmenuhasseveralusefuloptions.SelectAllmightbethemostcommon.Thisselectseverythingonapageoranactivelayer.Deselectwillturnoffyourselection.Inverseselectseverythingthatisnotinyourselection.TransformSelectionwillallowmodificationofanexistingselection.Hittheenterkeywhenyouaredonewithyourtransformation.SaveSelectionwillsaveyourselectionincaseyoumaywanttouseitagain.Theselectionwouldbesavedasachannelbutitdoesincreasethesizeofyourfile.LayerMenuThelayermenuisshownherewiththelayerpalette.Thelayerpalettemenuisaccessedbyclickingonthesmalltriangleonthetoprightofthepalette.Thismenuandthelayerpalettemenuallowthecreationofnewlayers,duplicatelayers,layersmadefromaselection,andthemergingoflayers.

ANewlayerwillgiveyouablank(transparent)layer.ADuplicatelayerwillduplicateexactlytheactivelayer.AnAdjustmentlayerwillallowcolorcorrectionswithoutchangingcontent.Layerviacopywillcreatealayerwithacopyoftheselectionontheactivelayer.Thisretainstheoriginallayer.

Layerviacutwillcuttheselectionfromtheactivelayerandplaceitonanewlayer.Thisremovestheselectionfromtheoriginallayer.

Mergelayersactuallycombinesthelayersasiftheywereone.Youwouldnotwanttousethisuntilyouaresureyouarefinishedwithalltheadjustmentstoeachlayertobemerged.

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ImageMenuHereweseethemenudropdownmenuforImage.Thismenuoptionisusedfrequently.ModeThefirstitemModereferstocolor.Acolormodedeterminesthecolormodelusedtodisplayandprintimages.Photoshopbasesitscolormodesonestablishedmodelsfordescribingandreproducingcolor.CommonmodelsincludeRGB(red,green,blue);CMYK(cyan,magenta,yellow,black);andCIEL*a*b*.PhotoshopalsoincludesmodesforspecializedcoloroutputsuchasIndexedColorandDuotone.RGBisthebestcolormodewhenworkingwithimagestobeviewedonscreen,suchaswebpagesanddesktoppresentations.Itismadebyassigninganintensityvaluetoeachpixelrangingfrom0(black)to255(white)foreachoftheRGBcomponentsinacolorimage.Whenthevaluesofallthreecomponentsareequal,theresultisashadeofneutralgray.Whenthevalueofallcomponentsis255,theresultispurewhite;whenthevalueis0,pureblack.RGBoffersover16millioncolors.CMYKisbestforprintedimages.TheCMYKmodelisbasedonthelightabsorbingqualityofinkprintedonpaper.Aswhitelightstrikestranslucentinks,certainvisiblewavelengthsareabsorbedwhileothersarereflectedbacktoyoureyes.Intheory,purecyan(C),magenta(M),andyellow(Y)pigmentsshouldcombinetoabsorballlightandproduceblack.Forthisreasonthesecolorsarecalledsubtractivecolors.Grayscaleisbestforblackandwhiteimages.Itcontains256shadesofgray.Becauseofthelimitedcolors,inconjunctionwiththelargenumberofshades,itgivesasmoothtransitionandgooddefinition.

IndexedColormodeusesatmost256colors.Whenconvertingtoindexedcolor,Photoshopbuildsacolorlookuptable(CLUT),whichstoresandindexesthecolorsintheimage.Ifacolorintheoriginalimagedoesnotappearinthetable,theprogramchoosestheclosestoneorsimulatesthecolorusingavailablecolors.Bylimitingthepaletteofcolors,indexedcolorcanreducefilesizewhilemaintainingvisualqualityforexample,foramultimediaanimationapplicationoraWebpage.Limitededitingisavailableinthismode.ForextensiveeditingyoushouldconverttemporarilytoRGBmode.Inadditiontodeterminingthenumberofcolorsthatcanbedisplayedinanimage,colormodesaffectthefilesizeofanimage.Morecolorstranslatetoalargerfile.Thatiswhytheindexcolormodeisagoodwaytosaveyourfinalwebimageifithaslimitedcolortransitions.Itmakesamuchsmallerfile.

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ImageSizeAnothermenuitemthatisusedoftenistheimagesize.ToresizetheimageselectImage>Imagesize.TheImageSizeareaallowsyoutosetthewidthandheightoftheimage.Theunitvaluecanbesetinthedropdownmenusbesidetheirrespectivefields.Therearethreesectionstothisdialogbox,thePixelDimensions,theDocumentSizeandtheResampleImagearea.CheckoutthesectiononResolutiontofindoutmoreaboutImagesize.TheAutobuttonwillsettheresolutionforprintaccordingtolinesperinch.WidthandHeight:Thesecanbeadjusted.Toadjusttheimagesizeusingpixels,specifytheamountofpixelsdesiredinthePixelDimensionsWindow.Itisalsopossibletoresizetheimageasapercentoftheoriginalsize.Changethedropdownmenuthatsayspixelstopercent.Iftheimageisgoingtobeprinted,lookthesectionlabeledDocumentSizeandspecifyhowmanyincheswideorhowtallneeded.WhentheConstrainProportionscheckboxischecked,ifyouchangethewidthortheheight,theotherwilladjustonitsown,sothattheimageremainsproportional.Iftheboxisnotchecked,itwilladjustthewidthortheheight,individually,buttheimagemylookstretchedorpushedtooclosetogether.Oncethenewdimensionshavebeeninput,clickonok,andtheimagewillberesized.IfyouhavelayerswithstylesincludedwithyourimageselectScaleStylesaswelltoscalethelayerstylestomatchtheimagescaling.ThisoptionisonlyavailablewhenConstrainProportionsisselected.CanvasSizeTheCanvasSizedialogboxallowsyoutoscalethecanvasthattheimagerestson,separatelyfromtheimageitself.Thiscanbeusedinphotographsforaddingeffectssuchasblurringtheedgesoftheimage,whichisusedalotontheweb.ToresizethecanvasselectImage>CanvasSize.

Thecanvasthatappearsbydefaultwillbethecolorofthebackgroundcolorthatisselectedonthetoolbar.OrthebackgroundcolorcanbechangedwiththeCanvasextensioncolordropdown.Thedefaultsettingistohavethecanvasspreadoutaroundtheentireimage,butthiscanbechangedusingtheanchorarrows.Ifcanvasisdesiredtoonlybeaddedtotherightoftheimage,thenclickontheanchorarrowpointingtotheleft,andPhotoshopwillshowyouthatitisaddingcanvastotheright.

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PhotoshopToolboxThisisthesinglecolumnviewoftheToolbox.TheToolboxcanbeputintotheClassicdoublecolumnviewbyclickingonthedarkbaronthetop.

Note:Sometoolsarehiddenunderothers.Thealternatetoolsarenotatedbythesmallblacktrianglenexttothetool.Rightclickonthetooltoshowthealternatetools.

Touseatooljustclickonthetooiconandchecktheoptionbartoseewhatoptionscanbevariedforthattool.Tochangeatool,justchooseanewtool.

ExpandToolbox

MoveTool

LassoTool

CropTool

HealingBrush

CloneStampTool

EraserTool

BlurTool

PenTool

PathSelec on

3DTools

HandTool

DefaultColors

ForegroundColor

CloseToolbox

MarqueeTool

MagicWand

EyedropperTool

BrushTool

HistoryBrush

PaintBucketTool

DodgeTool

TextTool

ShapeTool

ZoomTool

SwapColors

BackgroundColorQuickMask

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TheOptionBarTheOptionBarchangesasyouchangeyourtool.Thetoolboxandtheoptionbarbelowareshowingthepaintbrushtoolasthecurrenttoolselection.

Eachtoolhasitsownuseaswellasitsownvarioussettings,whichcanbechangedontheoptionsbar.Forexamplethebrushtoolreallyisjustlikeaphysicalpaintbrush.Itcanbesmallorlargeoranysizeinbetween.Itcanbesoftandfeatheryoritcanbestiffandmoreprecise.Andbrushstrokescanbecreated.PalettesAllpalettescanbeaccessedbyChoosingWindowonthemenubarandclickingonthepalettesyouwanttoshow.Thepalettescanbemovedaroundthescreenbyclickinganddraggingonthelightgraybarbythetabarea.ThepalettescanbeturnedoffbypressingShift+Tab.PressingTabremoveseverythingbuttheMenubar.Toresetthepalettesbacktothedefault,chooseWindow>Workspace>DefaultWorkspace.Thepalettesareshownclosedwithnolabels.Clickonthetoprightsideofthedarkgraybaranddragtoexpandtoshowthelabels.Clickonthe

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NavigatorPalette Thispalettewillallowyoutomovearoundalargeimage.Theredoutline,theviewbox,showsthepartoftheimagethatisviewableonscreen.

Whenthemouseisplacedonthethumbnailimageitchangestoahandandtheviewboxcanbemovedaroundtheimage.

Themagnificationcanbechanged.Youcanzoominoroutwiththeslidersoryoucantypeasizedirectlyintothemagnificationbox.Magnificationdoesnotaffecttheactualsizeoftheimage.

ColorPaletteThecolorpaletteisveryhelpfulinchoosingcolors.Clickoneithertheforegroundorbackgroundcolortoshowwhichcoloryouarechoosing.Thereareseveralwaystogettheexactcoloryouneed.YoucanusethesliderstomixamountsofRedGreenandBlue.

Ifyouplacethecursoronthecolorramp,itwillturntotheeyedropperandyoucanjustclicktochooseacolor.ThecolorrampcanbesettoRGB,CMYK,Grayscale,andwebsafecolors.Thecoloramountscanbeenterednumericallyintheoptionfields.Allwebsafecolorshaveahexadecimalnumberconsistingof0oranumberdivisibleby3andeachcolorhasaduplicatenumber,suchas0099FF.SwatchesPaletteTheswatchespaletteshowsalargevarietyofcolorfavorites.

Clicktochooseaforegroundcolor Ctrl+Clicktochooseabackgroundcolor.

Youcanalsocreateandsaveyourownfavoritecolors.Aftercreatinganewcolor,clickonnewanditwilladdthenewcolorwhichyoucanname.Alt+clickorclickanddragtotrashcantodeleteaswatch.

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StylesPaletteTheStylesPaletteallowsyoutosavelayereffectsandblendingoptions.Somestylesarealreadycreatedandsaved.Stylescan alsobecreated.Therearethreewaystosaveanewstyle:

1. CreatealayerstyleandfromtheLayerStyledialogbox,selecttheNewStyleicontodisplaytheNewStyledialogbox.Namethestyle,selectyourdesiredsettingsandclickOK.

2. OpentheStylespalette,andmovingyourcursorintothepalette,itwillchangeintoapaintbucket.Clickonthepalettewiththepaintbucket,andtheNewStyledialogboxwillopen.Nameyourstyle,saveyoursettings,andclickOK.

3. HavebothLayersandStylespalettesopen.Draganylayer(doesnotneedtobeactive)fromtheLayerspalette,anddropintotheStylespalette.ThiswillopentheNewStyledialogbox.Nameyourstyle,saveyoursettings,andclickOK.

Stylescanbeappliedbydraggingthedesiredstyleontotheimage.Itwillapplythestyletotheselectedlayer.CharacterPaletteTheCharacterPaletteprovidesoptionsforformattingtext.Manyoftheoptionsaresimilartoanywordprocessingapplication.Rememberifyouhoverthecursoronanyiconitwillshowanexplanationofthetool.TheFontdropdownmenuallowsyoutoselectthefont.TheStyledropdownmenuforbold,italic,etc.FauxBoldandFauxItalicAllowsyoutoapplyboldanditaliceffectstoletterswhenthefontdoesnothavethemasatypestyle.Onlyusetheseifthepopupmenudoesntofferboldoritalicsetting.AllCapsandSmallCapsAllowsyoutoconvertthecaseofthetype.Onlylowercaseletterswillbeconvertedtosmallcaps.SuperscriptandSubscriptAllowsyoutoshrinkselectedcharactersandmovethemaboveorbelowthetextbaseline.Thisisusefulformathematicalequations.Iftheydontpositionasyouwant,usetheBaselineoptionmentionedbelow.UnderlineLeftandUnderlineRightThisappliestoverticaltypeonly,andallowsyoutoaddalinetotheleftorrightoftheselectedcharacters.Whenworkingwithhorizontaltype,theoptionchangestoUnderlineandonlydoesthat.StrikethroughAllowsyoutodrawalinethroughthemiddleofletters.

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ParagraphPaletteTheparagraphpalette,likethecharacterpaletteisverysimilartowordprocessingapplicationchoices.Alignmentcontrolshowlinesoftypewillalignwitheachother.Choosetohavetextalignleft,centerorright.Themiddlesectionofboxesisforindentation.Thechoicesareindentleft,indentright,andindentfirstline.ThenextsectionisforspacebeforeorafteraParagraph.ThecheckboxforhyphenateistochooseautoHyphenation.Justificationcontrolshowthetextwillfitinthespaceorbox.ThechoicesareLeftjustify,Centerjustify,RightjustifyorForcejustify.Forcejustifywillfilltheentirelinewiththetext,nomatterhowshortthewording.Thiscanstretchthetextoutsomuchthatithasverylargespacesbetweenwords.Thisisnotalwaysaestheticallypleasing.LayerPaletteTheabilitytolayerimagesandpartsofimagesisahugeadvantage.Changescanbemadewithoutdamagingoralteringtheoriginaldocument.Changesoreffectscanbemadetojustpartsofanimage.Eachpartofanimagecanhaveaseparatelayer.Textisalwaysplacedonanewlayersoitcanbemanipulatedseparately.Thelayerpaletteshowsallthelayersinyourimage.Thehighlightedlayeristheactivelayer.Youcanonlymakechangestotheactivelayer.Theiconthatlookslikeaneyeshowsthatthelayerisvisible.Layerscanbelinkedtogethersotheycanbemovedortransformedtogether.Tolinklayers,maketwoormorelayersactiveandclickonthesmalllinkonthebottomofthelayerspalette.Asmalllinkwillappearinthelayersection.

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A B C

HistoryPaletteThehistorypaletteshowswithathumbnaileacheditorcommandperformedonanimage.Thedefaultsettingforthenumberofitemsheldinhistoryis20.ThiscanbechangedinPhotoshoppreferences(Edit>Preferences>General).Howevereachhistorystateinthefileincreasesthefilesize.Thehistorypalettegivesgreatflexibilitytomovearoundstatesofanimage.Eachchangeinanimageisanewstate.Onepointtorememberisthateachclickisanewhistorystate.Soifyouarepaintingandyoucreatemanysmallbrushstrokeseachonewillbeahistorystate.Aftersomechangeshavebeenmadetoanimage,asnapshotcanbemade.Justclickonthecameraicon(B.)onthebottomofthehistorypalette.Eventhoughonlyacertainnumberofstateswillremaininhistory,thesnapshotwillremainuntilthefileisclosedorsaved.Thatgivestheoptiontogobacktothepreviousstatethatwascapturedinthesnapshot.Anewdocumentcanbecreatedfromastatebyclickingonthenewdocumenticon(A.)Thisduplicatedocumentallowsyoutocontinuemakingchangestothenewdocumentwhileleavingtheoriginalinitspreviousstate.Thisgivesyoutheoptionofmakingtwodifferentversionsofthesameimageandsavingbothofthem.TheHistorypaletteisalsoagreatwaytoundoeditsorcommandsperformed.Justclickonastateanddragittothetrashcan(C)andthatcommandwillbeundone.Anotherexcitingoptionwiththehistorypaletteisthehistorybrush.Youcanmakealterationstoanimageusingapasthistorystateasthepaint.Soifyoumakeachangetoanimageandyouonlywantedthatchangetoaffectpartoftheimage,youcanchoosethehistorybrushtool,choosethehistorystateyouwanttorevertbacktoandpaintthathistorystateonthecurrentimage.SavingFilesAlwayssaveyouroriginalfilebeforeyoualteritinanyway.OnceyouopenitinPhotoshopusetheSaveAsfeaturetosavethefileyouareeditingsoyouwillalwayshavetheoriginaltorevertbacktoifnecessary.Whileworkingonanimage,youshouldsavethefilein.psdformat(PhotoshopDocument).Thisfiletyperetainstheimagelayersandeffectswithoutflatteningthemsothatyoucangobackandmodifyoredityourimageatanytime.Onceyouarefinishedwithyourwork,youcanSaveasorSaveforwebthePhotoshopfileinadifferentformat,dependingonthepurposeofthefinalimage.

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Whensavingsimagesforthewebusethesefileformats:.pngIfthepictureislineart,haslargeareasofsolidcolorandusesalimitedcolorpalette..jpegor.jpgIfthepictureisaphotograph..epsForprintusingaPostscriptcompatibleprinter..tifForprintusingmostprintersandpagelayoutprograms.

Note:IfyouwanttoImportapictureintoanothergraphicprogramotheroptionsyoumaywanttolookatare.bmpor.pict.ToSaveasPSD:SelectFile>Save.Selecttheproperlocationandtypeinanameforthefile.MakesurethefileformatmenusaysPhotoshop(*.PSD).ToSaveFileforWeb(asPNGorJPEG):TosavetheimageasaPNGorJPEG,selectFile>SaveforWeb.Selectthetabthatsays4up.Thiswillpresent4imagesofdifferingqualities.Itwilldisplaythefilesizeandthetimethatittakestoloadontheweb.Thefilesettingsaretotherightofthepictures.Recallthatifsavinganimagethatcontaintext,lineart,orgraphics,PNGfilescanbeused.Ifsavingaphotograph,savethefileasaJPEG.

Thefiletype,sizeanddownloadspeedarelistedhere. Thetypeofimagefileandthequalitycanbechangedforeachimagehere. Trydifferentsettingsuntilyougetthesmallestfilewiththeleastlossofquality.

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ResolutionEachoftheseimagesinthefirstsetbelowissettobe1inchby1inch.Theydontlookthesameinthefirstpicture,becausetherealsizeoftheimagesis300pixelsby300pixelsand72pixelsby72pixels.So,onscreen,whichisusuallycloserto72pixelsperinch,thesmallerimagelookslikeitisreally1inchby1inch.However,whenprintedtheyareeach1inchby1inch.YoucanverifythisbycreatingeachnewimageandthenlookingatView>PrintSizevs.View>Actualpixels.The300pixelimagelooksmuchbetterthanthe72pixelimagewhenprintedsincetherearemorepixels(dots)perinch.Themoredotswhenprinting,thesmootherandmoredetailedtheprint.A1by1inchimagewitharesolutionof72ppicontainsatotalof5184pixels(72pixelswidex72pixelshigh=5184).Thesame1by1inchimagewitharesolutionof300ppicontainsatotalof90,000pixels.

Thesethreeimagesareeach72pixelsby72pixels.Theylookthesameonscreen,buteachoneasaprintwillbeadifferentsize.The72dpiwillbeoneinch,the144dpiwillbe.5inchandthe300dpiwillbe.24inch.Again,youcanverifythisbycreatingeachnewimageandthenlookingatView>PrintSizevs.View>Actualpixels.View>ActualPixelsView>Printsize

View > Actual Pixels View > Print size

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ExercisesExercises1NoLayers

1. OpenanewdocumentinPhotoshop.Thedefaultsettingsarefine.Clickok.

2. Wewilladdagradienttothebackground.Choosethegradienttool(G).Itmaybe

behindthepaintbucket.Lookattheoptionsbar.Youcanopenthegradientpickerbyclickingonthesmallblacktriangle.Thereareseveralpresetgradientsorifyouclickonthecolorareathegradienteditorwillopenandyoucancreateyourowngradient.Justpickonefornowbydoubleclickingononeofthechoices.Placeyourcursorontheleftsideoftheimage(makingsureyouareontherightlayer).Clickanddragalineacrosstheimage.Whenyouletgoofthemouse,youshouldhaveanewbackground.

3. Nowwewillpaintadesignonthegradient.Choosethepaintbrushtool(B).Drawasmileyfaceinacornerofyourdocument.

4. Letussaywewanttonowmovethesmileyface.Clickonthemovetool(V).Trytoclickonanddragyoursmileyface.Youwillgetanerror.Itisok.

5. DoubleclickonthethumbnailofyourdocumentintheLayerspanel.

6. Clickonanddragyoursmileyface.Everythingmovestogether.

Exercises2Layers

1. Repeatsteps1and2fromExercises1NoLayers.

2. Nowwewillcreateanewlayer.FromtheLayerdropdownmenuchooseNew>Layer(Shift+Ctrl+N)ClickOk.Youwillseeanewlayer,Layer1,appearintheLayerspallet.

3. MakesureyouareonLayer1,itwillbeblue.Choosethepaintbrushtool(B).Drawasmileyfaceinacornerofyourdocument.

4. Letussaywewanttonowmovethesmileyface.Clickonthemovetool(V).Clickonanddragyoursmileyface.Thistimeyouwillbeabletomoveitfreelybecauseitisonitsownlayer

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Exercises3RepairingRedEye1. Openredeyeexample.jpginPhotoshop.

2. DuplicateyourBackgroundlayerbygoingtotheLayerdropdownmenuandchoosingDuplicateLayer.ClickOK.

3. Choosetheredeyetool(J).Itmaybebehindthespothealingbrushtool.

4. Clickanddragtodrawaboxaroundtheredeye.Makesureitislargeenough,asintheexample.Iftheboxisdrawntoosmallalloftheredintheeyewillnotbecorrected.

Exercises4RepairingSpots,Scratches,orBlemishes

1. OpenOldImage.jpginPhotoshop.

2. DuplicateyourBackgroundlayerbygoingtotheLayerdropdownmenuandchoosingDuplicateLayer.ClickOK.

3. Createanewlayer(Shift+Ctrl+N).

4. ChoosetheSpotHealingBrushTool(J).ItmaybebehindtheRedEyetool.

5. IntheOptionsbar,atthetopofthewindow,makesureSampleAllLayersisselected.

Thiswillcreateablanklayerthatwillcollectallofyourcorrections.Thismakesiteasytocorrectcorrectionsthatdonotlookgood.Youwillbeabletouseyourerasertoremoveanychanges.

6. Adjustthebrushsize([or])sothatitisjustslightlylargerthanthespotyouwanttorepair.

Aneasywaytoadjustyourbrushsizeistouseyou[]bracketkays.Theleftbracketkey[decreasesthesizeofthebrushandtherightbracketkey]increasesthebrushinsize.

7. Coveraspotyouwanttorepairwiththecurserandclick.Repeatsteps5and6untilallofthedamageisrepaired.

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Exercises5Cropping1. Inthisexamplewewanttomakea4x6postcardwithtext.FirstopenDesert.jpgin

Photoshop.

2. ChooseyourCroptool(C).IntheOptionsbar,atthetopofthewindow,settheWidthto6inchesandtheHeightsto4inches.

3. Clickanddragtodrawthecropbox.Everythingwithintheboxwillbekept.Anythingthatisdarkenedoutsideoftheboxwillbecutandremoved.Theboxcanbemovedafteryoudrawitbyclickinganddragginginsideofthebox.Thecropboxcanalsoberesizedbyclickinganddraggingoneofthehandles,thelittleboxesatthecornerofthecropbox.Whenyouarehappywiththelookyouhavetoapplythecropbyclickingonthecheckmark,,ontherightsideoftheoptionsbar.

4. Chooseyourtexttool(T).Setyourfont,fontsizeandfontcolorintheoptionsbar.

5. Clickintheimagewhereyouwantyourtexttostart.Typeyourmessage.Whenyouarehappywithwhatitsaysyouhavetoapplythecropbyclickingonthecheckmark,,ontherightsideoftheoptionsbar.Ifyouwanttomovethetextclickonthemovetool.Clickanddragtorepositionit.

Exercises6SelectandBlur

1. Inthisexamplewewanttoblurthebackgroundleavingtheforegroundinfocus.FirstopenTulips.jpginPhotoshop.

2. DuplicateyourBackgroundlayerbygoingtotheLayerdropdownmenuandchoosingDuplicateLayer.ClickOK.

3. Wewanttoblureverythinginthebackground.Itiseasiertoselecttheforegroundandtheninverttheselection.ChooseyourQuickSelectionTool(W).Setyourbrushsizeto40.

4. Clickanddragwithintheflowerfromonesidetoanother.***Dontlettheedgeofyourbrushleavethefloweroreventouchtheedgeoftheflower.Thismayhavetobedoneseveraltimestoselecttheentireflower.

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Clickhere

Nowclickhere

Bydefaultthequickselectbrushtoolisadditive.Everytimeyouclickthenewselectionisaddedtothecurrentselection.Youcanremovepartofaselection.PressandholdtheALTkeyonyourkeyboard.Thiswillchangethecurserfromhavingaplussign,+,tohavingaminussign,.Whenremovingabadselection,donotlettheedgeofthebrushtouchthepartoftheselectionyouwant.

5. Wenowneedtoselectthestem.Makeyourbrushsmaller([)thanthewidthofthestem.

6. Clickonthestemseveraltimesmovingdownthestembeforeclickingagain.Remembernottolettheedgeofthebrushtotouchtheedgeofthestem.

7. Wenowhavetheflowerselectedbutwewanttoworkwiththebackground.ClickontheSelectdropdownmenuandchooseInverse(Shift+Ctrl+I).

8. ClickontheFilterdropdownmenuandBlur>GaussianBlur.

9. Adjusttheslideruntilyougetthedesiredeffect.Ichosearound1.5px.ClickOk.

10. ChooseyourCroptool.IntheOptionsbar,atthetopofthewindow,settheWidthto6inchesandtheHeightsto4inches.

Wrong.Theedgeofthebrushistouchingsomeofthesky.

Correct

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Exercises7MotivationalPoster/DemotivationalPoster

1. OpenapictureinPhotoshop.

2. Thepictureneedsaborderandspacetotypeinthemessageandthetagline.ClickontheImagedropdownmenuandchooseCanvasSize(Alt+Ctrl+C).

3. Changethemeasurementunitfrominchestopercent.ClickonRelative.Setboththewidthandheightto2.SettheCanvasextensioncolortoblack.ClickOk.

4. ClickontheImagedropdownmenuandchooseCanvasSize(Alt+Ctrl+C).3.Changethemeasurementunitfrominchestopercent.Setboththewidthandheightto1.SettheCanvasextensioncolortowhite.ClickOk.

5. ClickontheImagedropdownmenuandchooseCanvasSize(Alt+Ctrl+C).3.Changethemeasurementunitfrominchestopercent.Setboththewidthandheightto20.SettheCanvasextensioncolortoblack.ClickOk.

6. ClickontheImagedropdownmenuandchooseCanvasSize(Alt+Ctrl+C).3.Changethemeasurementunitfrominchestopercent.Settheheightto20.ChangetheAnchorpointtothetopcenter.Thiswillplaceall20%oftheadditionalcanvasonthebottomoftheimage.SettheCanvasextensioncolortoblack.ClickOk.

7. Chooseyourtexttool(T).Setyourfont,fontsizeandfontcolorintheoptionsbar.

8. Clickintheimagewhereyouwantyourfirstlinetexttostart.Typeyourmessage.Whenyouarehappywithwhatitsaysyouhavetoapplythecropbyclickingonthecheckmark,,ontherightsideoftheoptionsbar.Ifyouwanttomovethetextclickonthemovetool.Clickanddragtorepositionit.

9. ChangeyourfontsizeandClickintheimagewhereyouwantyoursecondlineoftexttostart.Typeyourmessage.Whenyouarehappywithwhatitsaysyouhavetoapplythecropbyclickingonthecheckmark,.

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Glossary

antialiasingByslightlyblurringtheedgesoftextand/orshapestheedgesappearsmoother.Aliasisthestairsteplookwhentherearenotenoughpixelstomakeasmoothtransitionbetweencolorsorattheedgeofanimage.

adjustmentlayerAlayerthatallowsadjustmentstocolorortonewithoutchangingthecontent.

alphachannelThenoncolorlayerwhereselectionscanbesaved.

blendingmodesTheprocessofcomparingtwolayersandcreatinganewimagingeffect.

brightnessRelativelightnessordarknessofcolor.0%isblackto100%iswhite

CLUTTheColorlookuptable(CLUT)usedwithGiffiles,savesonlynecessarycolorsforaparticularimage,makingasmallerfilesize.

CMYKColorprocessusingcyan,magenta,yellow,andblack.Usedmostlyforprintedimages.

colormodesDifferentwaysofidentifyingcolors.SeeCMYK,RGB.Wheneverpossible,avoidmultipleconversionsbetweencolormodes,becausecolorvaluesareroundedandlostwitheachconversion.

contiguousAdjacentareasthatarenotinterruptedbyothercolors

cropCutsoffpartofanimagethatisunwanted.Thecroptoolcanonlycropinarectangleshape.

ditheringAprocessthatcombinestwoormorecolorsintopatternstofoolthehumaneyeintothinkingitisseeingnewsolidcolors.Theimageappearstohavemorecolorsthanitactuallydoes.

featherReplacesahardedgewithasoftedge.Featheringfadesanimageintothesurroundingarea.Youcanusethistechniquetocreateavignetteeffect.

GIFfileAgoodfilechoicefortheweb.Gifuses8bitcolorGiffilestocreateacolorlookuptable(CLUT)holdingupto256colors.Becauseofthelimitednumberofcolors,andtheprocessoftrackingrepeatingpixels,giffilescompresswell.Gifalsosupportsanimation.

gradientBlendingtwoormorecolorstogethergraduallytocreateanewfill.Fillmovesfromonecolortothenext.

grayscaleUses256shadesofgraytocreateasmoothlookingmonochromeimage.

hueColorasshownonacolorwheelasdegreesfrom0to360

ImageResolutionItiscustomarytouseinchesforimagestobeprintedandpixelsforonscreenimages.Whencreatingimagesfortheweb,youneedtoconsidertheequipmentyouraudiencewillbeseeingyourimageson.A15inchmonitortypicallydisplays800pixelshorizontallyand600vertically.Unlessyouknowyouraudiencehasspecificequipmentitisbesttouse800X600asanorm.Animageofthatsizewouldfillthescreenofa15inchmonitor,soyouneedtojudgeyourimagepixelsizeaccordingly.

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JPEG(JointPhotographicExpertsGroup)Fileformatthatisgoodforphotosorimageswithmanyvaryingcolors.Uses24bitcolor(millionsofcolors)

kerningThespacebetweenindividualpairsofcharactersorletters.

layerIndividualimagecomponentssimilartoclearacetateoverlays.Eachimagecanhavemultiplelayersallowingmodificationofpartsofanimagewithoutchangingtheoriginal.Allowseffectstobeaddedtospecificpartsofanimage

leadingThespacebetweenlinesoftext.Thisisusuallyshowninpoints,comparedtothefontpointsize.

marqueeSelectiontoolthatallowsrectangleandellipticalselection.

maskDefinesanareaofanimageorlayertoisolateandprotectasyouapplycolorchanges,filters,orothereffectstotherestoftheimage.

MergeTomergelayerscombinesthelayerssotheycanbeworkedonormovedasoneimage.Twoormorelayerscanbecombinedwhileotherlayersstayseparate

noiseAcoarsedottedpatternaddedtoimagesforeffectortogiveagraphicfeel.

pathAlinearoutlineofanimageorshape.Createdwiththepentool

pixelsThedots(roundorsquare)thatmakeupimages.

PNGfilePortableNetworkGraphics.isabitmappedimageformatthatemployslosslesscompressionandisareplacementforGIF

PSDfilePhotoshopsdefaultfileformat.ThisistheonlyformatthatpreservesallofPhotoshopsfeatures.ThesefilescanbesavedasGIFsJPEGsorTIFFs,etcsotheywillberecognizedbyotherapplications

rasterizeThisistheprocessofchangingvectorimagessotheywillhavepixeldata.Aftercreatingatextlayer,Photoshopwillrequireittoberasterizedbeforesomeeffectscanbeapplied.

resolutionThenumberofdots(pixels)perinchindigitalimages.Theresolutionneedstobedifferentforonscreenimagesandprintimages.SeethesectiononResolutionforamorecompleteexplanation.

RGBColormodeusingblendsofRed,GreenandBlue.Thisisthemostcommoncolormodeusedforonscreenimages.Allthecolorstogethercreatewhite(hexadecimal#FFFFFF)orRGBvaluesof255,255,255.Theabsenceofcolorsisblack(hexadecimal#000000)orRGBvaluesof0,0,0.

rolloverGraphicthatchangesasyoumoveoveritwithyourmousecursor.

rotateChangetheviewofanimage.Nothingchangesexceptthewayitispresented.Animagecanberotatedclockwiseorcounterclockwise.Imagescanalsobeflippedhorizontallyorvertically.ThisoptionislocatedundertheimagemenuinPhotoshop.

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samplepointApointthatdefinespixeldatatobeusedinsometools.TheCloneStampToolusesasamplepointtouseforitspaint.

saturationstrengthorpurityofcolorfrom0%graytofullysaturatedat100%

scalingChangingsizeofanimage,layer,oreffect.

SharpeningMethodofbringingoutadditionaldetailindigitalimages.ThebestmethodofsharpeninginPhotoshopistousetheunsharpmaskfilter

sliceDividesalargeimageforwebuseintosmallerpieces(tiles).Thishelpstheimageloadfasterandcanprovidepartsoftheimageforrolloverorhyperlinks

snapshotAnimageintheHistorypalettethatpreservesanychangesthathavebeenmadetotheimage.Bytakingasnapshotofanimagethatversionoftheimagewillnotbelostevenifsomehistoryiserased.

strokeAnoutlinearoundanimage,ashape,orapath

thumbnailAverysmallversionofalargerimage.

tonalityThishastodowithblacksandwhitesandshadesofgray.Exaggeratingthetonalitycanmakeaveryexpressiveimage.

trackingTheprocessofcreatinganequalamountofspacingacrossarangeofletters.

transformModifyingtheposition,scaleorproportionsofalayerorimage.Canaddperspectiveordistortion.

verticaltypeTextinacolumnratherthanthenormalhorizontal.

warpDistortionofanimageorshapeortext.Photoshophasmanydifferentpresetwarpeffects.

workpathThisisapaththatisinprocessofbeingcreated.Photoshopusesthepentooltocreateapath.Oncethepathiscompleteditissavedandgivenaname