administrative theory as political theory

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powerpoint slide for my assignment (theory of public administration) in Brawijaya University, Indonesia

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  • 1. Administrative TheoryAs Political Theory
    Dwight Waldos The Administrative State (1948)
    Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
  • 2. Hi, there
    Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Dwight Waldo (1913 October 27, 2000) was an American political scientist and is perhaps the defining figure in modern public administration.
    Waldo's career was often directed against a scientific/technical portrayal of bureaucracy and government that suggests the term public management as opposed to public administration.
  • 3. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    In his book, The Administrative State(1948)
    Waldo challenged mainstream scholars' view of public administration at that time
  • 4. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    First .
  • 5. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    That public administration must be a value-free, non-partisan social science that promised to make government more efficient and effective.
  • 6. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Second, and (probably) the most important .
    Waldo argued that administrative scholarship was itself driven by a particular philosophy of politics
    am I shrinking ??
  • 7. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Five keys issues in political philosophy are:
    Yes, I am!!. Damn
  • 8. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    1. The nature of the Good Life
    Or a vision of what the good society should look like
    Please bring me back to normal size..
  • 9. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    2. The criteria of Action
    Or the procedures for determining how collective decision should be made
    .
  • 10. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    3. The question of Who Should Rule
    .
  • 11. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    4. The question of How the powers of the state should be divided and apportioned
    .
  • 12. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    5. The question of centralization vs. decentralization
    .
    Or the relative merits of a unitary state versus federal system
  • 13. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Mr. Waldo, what is your opinion about administration in modern democratic government?
  • 14. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Administration is frequently claimed to be at the core of modern democratic government, and that this claim helps justifythe entire discipline of public administration
    Tell me more about it Sir
  • 15. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    If this claim has merit, it implies that democratic theory must deal with administration, and that administrative theory must deal with democratic politics.
    Let me digest it slowly
  • 16. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    The political philosophy inherent in public administration scholarship not as an attemptto usurp democracy, but as a necessary corrective to save it.
    Hmm
  • 17. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    At a minimum, I argued, the concept of democracy and all its messy implications had to be brought back into administrative theory
    @#$%.....??!
  • 18. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Administrative scholars had to recognize that their central principle -efficiency-was not value neutral, and that its uneasy relationship with democratic principles had to be recognized.
    (Waldo 1952, 90)
    Its hard for a frog like me..
  • 19. VS
    Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    in an essay in American Political Science Review, Waldo singled out Herbert Simons argument of administration
  • 20. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Its about the possibility of a science of administration.
  • 21. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    It was conceivable if it (administration) limited its attention to decisions centered on facts as opposed to values.
  • 22. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Decisions of fact were central to the administrative realm, and could be scientifically guided towards the overall goal efficiency.
    I do not agree with that..
  • 23. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    You just simply recasting the problem by substituting a logical division of politics and administration for an institutional division,
    Why?
  • 24. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    And was doing so to preserve the central principle of orthodox administrative theory, namely, efficiency.
    Whats wrong with efficiency then?
  • 25. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Efficiency could not remain the disciplines talisman against politics, because administration is political.
    Efficiency itself is a political claim.
    Give me an example
  • 26. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    I will give you an example by giving you a question.
    Shout it out!
  • 27. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    How does one asses the efficiency of, say, a library, or the Department of Defense?
    ??????
  • 28. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    If efficiency is defined as an input-output ratio, one has a choice of inputs and outputs to asses efficiency in both instances,
    ..
  • 29. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    although none is the unassailably objective factual option.
    ..
  • 30. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    As choosing among these options unavoidably involve value decisions, not just facts, efficiency can hardly be value-neutral. (Stone 2002, 65)
    Hi, please read the rest of this debate yourself, I went on the offensive. This can be a long conversation!
  • 31. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    The central problem of democratic administrative theory, as of all democratic theory, is how to reconcile democracy . . .
    Im outta hereDont forget to study!!
  • 32. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    I repeat, is how to reconcile democracy . . . with the demands of authority.
    Mr. Simon, where are you?
    Dont leave me!
  • 33. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    I think its time to go. See you guys !!!!. As Mr. Simon said, dont forget to study. No PAIN No GAIN !!
  • 34. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    NoONE Left BEHIND !!
  • 35. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    This is my final statement, (actually its written in the book :p ),
    Waldo bestowed this grand and sweeping question upon the discipline rather than provide its answer, but
  • 36. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    The question is surely enough to justify the need to meld administrative theory with political theory,
    to motivate the search for a theory of bureaucratic politics.
  • 37. Theories of Bureaucratic Politics
    Thank You!!
    For your attention!
    Group One
    • Veronika Hanna Naibaho (006)
    • 38. EdhieWibowo (007)
    • 39. AgustinaRatriHendrowati (009)
    • 40. MirnaSaraswati (022)