[ACS Symposium Series] Green Polymer Chemistry: Biocatalysis and Materials II Volume 1144 || Preface

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  • Preface

    Green polymer chemistry is a very active area of research that has attracted theattention of the scientific community and the public at large. Developments in thisarea are stimulated by health and environmental concerns, interest in sustainability,desire to decrease the dependence on petroleum, and opportunity to design andproduce green products and processes. A large number of publications haveappeared, and many new methodologies have been reported.

    In consideration of the rapid advances in this area, we organized aninternational symposium on Green Polymer Chemistry: Biocatalysis andBiobased Materials at the American Chemical Society (ACS) national meetingin Philadelphia, PA in August 2012. The symposium was very successful,with a total of 63 papers and active participation and discussions among theleading researchers. Whereas all aspects of Green Polymer Chemistry werecovered, a particular emphasis was placed on biocatalysis and biobased materials.Biocatalysis involves the use of enzymes, microbes, and higher organisms to carryout chemical reactions. It provides exciting opportunities to manipulate polymerstructures, to discover new reaction pathways, and to devise environmentallyfriendly processes. It also benefits from innovations in biotechnology whichenables cheaper and improved enzymes to be made and customized polymericmaterials to be produced in vivo using metabolic engineering. Biobased materialsalso represent an equally exciting opportunity that has found many industrialand medical applications. There is commonality with biocatalysis becausemany biobased products are biodegradable, where enzymes and/or microbes areinvolved.

    In view of the success of the Philadelphia symposium, and the fact that thisfield is multidisciplinary where publications tend to be spread out over journals indifferent disciplines, we decided to edit this book in order to gather the informationon the latest developments in one place. We have asked many of the symposiumpresenters to contribute chapters to this book, where they report either originalresults or write special reviews of their ongoing work. We hope this book providesa good representation of what is happening in the forefront of research in greenpolymer chemistry.

    Among the 28 chapters, the following topics are covered that interweaveconcepts of polymers, materials, biocatalysis, and biotechnology:

    1. New biobased materials Renewable raw materials (e.g., polysaccharides, proteins,

    triglycerides, lignin) Novel bioprocesses and biobased products

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    In Green Polymer Chemistry: Biocatalysis and Materials II; Cheng, H., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013.

  • Biocatalyzed synthetic and natural polymers Silicone bioscience and biomaterials

    2. New or improved biocatalysts (e.g., enzymes, whole-cells, and cellextracts) Improved biocatalysts (enzyme engineering, metabolic pathway

    engineering) Enzyme immobilization and assembly Enzyme-polymer bioconjugates

    3. Biotransformations with enzymes, whole cells, and cell-extracts Polymer synthesis through biocatalysis Grafting and functionalization reactions Hydrolysis, degradation, and remediation

    4. Other innovative techniques Chemo-enzymatic approaches Genetic PEGylation Microwave-assisted reactions

    It may be noted that among the 96 authors who contribute to this book, 70work in academia, 2 in industry, and 24 in government labs. They are internationalin scope, with 56 from the United States, 2 from Latin America, 5 from Europe,and 33 from Asia.

    This book is targeted for scientists and engineers in multiple disciplines(chemists, biochemists, chemical engineers, agronomists, biochemical engineers,material scientists, microbiologists, molecular biologists, and enzymologists)as well as graduate students who are engaged in research and applications ofpolymer biocatalysis and biobased materials. It can also be a useful referencebook for people who are interested in these topics.

    We appreciate the efforts of the authors to submit their manuscripts and theircooperation during the peer review process. We are also grateful to our manyanonymous reviewers for their hardwork. Thanks are also due to theACSDivisionof Polymer Chemistry, Inc. for sponsoring the 2012 symposium.

    H. N. ChengSouthern Regional Research CenterAgricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of Agriculture1100 Robert E. Lee Blvd.New Orleans, Louisiana 70124

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    In Green Polymer Chemistry: Biocatalysis and Materials II; Cheng, H., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013.

  • Richard A. GrossDepartment of Chemistry and Chemical BiologyRensselaer Polytechnic InstituteCogswell Laboratories110 8th StreetTroy, New York 12180-3590

    Patrick B. SmithMichigan Molecular Institute1910 West St. Andrews RoadMidland, Michigan 48640

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    In Green Polymer Chemistry: Biocatalysis and Materials II; Cheng, H., et al.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013.

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