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  • A N A L Y T I C A L C H E M I S T R Y

    J U L Y 1 9 5 8

    ACS Headquarters Leaves Old Building

    From refurbished apartment house ( le f t ) to modern office building. That is the giant step now being undertaken by the American Chemical Society in its campaign for the headquarters building fund. During the early part of June, A C S headquarters and appl ied publications moved from the present building at the 16th Street address to make way for raz-ing. A t the t ime of the move, about 2 1 % of Society membership had p ledged about 4 0 % of the jnember goal of $1.5 mill ion, and 21 of the Society's 151 local sections had reached or exceeded their fund quotas. W i t h this part of the campaign well under way, the remaining front has been opened. O n M a y 15, the drive to solicit $1.5 mil-lion from the chemical and process industries got started at the Chemists' C lub in New York C i t y

    USDA Presents Awards Several awards in recognition of some

    phase of chemical research were among those given by the U. S. Depar tment of Agriculture to 135 of its employees this year. A total of eight distinguished service awards and 127 superior.service awards were made for outstanding achievements in research and admini-stration.

    Among those receiving the distin-guished service awards was Robert T. O'Connor, Southern Utilization Re-search and Development Division. O'Connor, a supervisory physical scien-tist, was cited for research in develop-ment and application of spectroscopic methods in the study of agricultural products. In addition to his work at USDA, he is chairman of the spectros-copy committee of the American Oil Chemists' Society and associate editor of the Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. O'Connor, a native of Fitchburg, Mass., received his train-ing at George Washington University, and has been associated with USDA since 1937.

    The following persons were among the 127 superior service award winners:

    William G. Bickford, New Orleans, La., for research on tun g oil and contri-butions to understanding basic organic reactions.

    John F . Carson, Jr., Albany, Calif., for unusually effective research in or-ganic chemistry of agricultural prod-ucts.

    Gordon S. Fisher, Olustee, Fla., for participating in discovery of new cata-lysts and development of commercial synthetic rubber and plastics processes based on the discovery.

    L. A. Goldblatt, New Orleans, La., also for participating in discovery of new catalysts and development of commercial synthetic rubber and plas-tics processes based on the discovery.

    Cecil H. Van Et ten , Peoria, 111., for resourcefulness in developing methods of microanalysis and outstanding ac-curacy in interpreting results, con-tributing to research on products from agricultural commodities.

    All five of these men are connected with Agricultural Research Service.

    Commerce Grants Awards Two exceptional service awards and

    two meritorious service awards have been given to National Bureau of Standards employees by the United States Depar tment of Commerce.

    Wallace R. Brode, associate director now on a year's leave, received the exceptional service award in recognition of his international leadership in the physical sciences. This includes major contributions to the field of chemical spectroscopy and distinguished author-ship and editorship. Brode, during the period of his leave, is currently serving as science advisor to the Depar tment of State.

    Brode is now on the boards of di-rectors of fhe American Chemical So-ciety, the Optical Society of America, the Scientific Besearch Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is also a fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the executive

    VOL. 30, NO. 7, JULY 1958 2 9 A

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    3 0 A ANALYTICAL C HEMISTRY

    NEWS

    committee of Sigma Xi. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1954.

    Wilfred B. Mann, chief of NBS's ^Radioactivity Section, received the exceptional service award for his work in the field of radionuclide standards and for accomplishments resulting in international leadership of NBS in this field.

    A native of England, Mann obtained his Ph.D. degree at the University of London in 1934, and his D.Sc. degree from the same institution in 1951. He is author of more than 30 publications in the field of radioactivity, and currently serves on several committees concerned with radioactivity standardization.

    John L. Hague, assistant chief of NBS's Analytical Chemistry Section, received the meritorious service award for outstanding original contributions to methods of analysis necessary for controlling production of complex metal alloj-s. Hague is a member of the American Society for Testing Materials, the American Chemical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Optical Society of America, and the Washington Academy of Sciences.

    Floyd A. Mauer, National Bureau of Standards, received the meritorious service award for valuable contributions to the field of crystal chemistry. He was cited in particular for his work in the application of special high temperature x-ray diffraction techniques to the study of crystalline materials. Mauer is a member of the American Physical Society and the Washington Philosophical Society.

    Arizona State Offers Spectroscopy Course

    The third annual course in modern industrial spectroscopy will be given by Arizona State College, August 18 to August 29. The special intensive course will include theory and applications with lectures and laboratory experiments divided into equal periods.

    Classes will be conducted by members of the chemistry and physics departments and industrial spectrosco-pists.

    Further details are available from Jacob Fuchs, co-director, Modern Industrial Spectroscopy, Arizona State College, Tempe, Arizona.

    Annual Exhibit and Symposium Held at NIH BETHESDA, MD.ONCE AGAIN, the annual Instrument Symposium and Research Instrument Exhibit held at

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    the National Institutes of Health here became proof of continuing interest in new equipment. About 100 manufacturers showed their latest items, including surgical, electronic, optical, radiation, and gas sampling instruments. And several thousand visitors stopped, looked, and listened during the four-day show, May 12 to 15.

    Sponsors of the symposium were the Washington sections of the American Chemical Society, the Instrument Society of America, the Society of American Bacteriologists, the American Association of Clinical Chemists, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, and the professional group on medical electronics of the Institute of Radio Engineers.

    The symposium itself consisted of 19 papers divided in six sections: gas chromatography, macromolecules, mi-crorespirometry, aerosols, automatic processing of experimental data, and protein monolayers.

    Several items of new equipment that were shown for the first time at the meeting are described in the New Products section of this issue of ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (see page 55 A).

    Industrial Items Horizons Incorporated, through ex

    pansion, is making its vacuum gas analysis facilities available to industry at large for the first time. The company says that, in metals containing from 0.005% to 5% total gases, oxygen and hydrogen content can be determined to an accuracy of 10% of the total amount of each gas present. In the range below 0.005%, accuracy is 20%. In special cases samples containing more than 5% can be handled.

    Schlumberger Well Surveying Corp. has set up a nationwide marketing organization for its Model 104 nuclear magnetic (NMR) analyzer. Charles Morgan, sales manager operating out of the company's main offices at Ridgefield, Conn., will be in charge. A. Russell Aikman, company marketing director, says the move was impelled by the great interest in its instrument and the increasing areas of application since its introduction.

    Geigy Chemical Corp. has opened a new entomological research and chemical analysis laboratory at Ards-ley, . ., for testing Mitin mothproofed fabrics. The organization infests samples of fabrics with webbing clothes moth and carpet beetle larvae for periods of two weeks to determine that they are impervious to damage from the insects. Samples are then tested to determine if sufficient Mitin has actually been applied. Facilities

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    VOL. 30, NO. 7, JULY 1958 3 1 A

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    NEWS

    of the laboratories are available to mills that have contracted to apply Geigy's Mitin mothproofcr to woolen raw stock, yarn, or fabric.

    Varian Associates Instrument Division will hold its second N M R / E P R

    workshop at its Palo Alto, Calif., laboratories, Oct. 20 to 24. A new feature for the workshop this year will be an opening day devoted to participants approaching the subjects of N M R and E P R for the first time. The remaining four days of the workshop week will

    Atlas Powder Co.'s new $3 mil l ion Technical Center, dedicated recently in Wi lmington Del., is a two-story, L-shaped structure with 70,000 square feet of floor space. The building's center section has a reception room and offices for directors of the center's two departments. The two wings are occupied by the chemical research department, and the chemical division's product development department. Equipment of the various laboratories even includes miniature baking and ice cream plants in the food additives section, above

    Du Pont recently opened a new $5 mill ion laboratory for customer service and product evaluation for its electrochemicals and pigments departments. The building, with 81,000 square feet of floor space, has 150 separate rooms, laboratories, and demonstration areas. Currently, the organization has a technical staff of about 130 chemists, chemical engineers, metallurgists, and other specialties. Typical of the modern instrumentation available for use are the Du Pont Colormaster (r ight) and the Hunter multipurpose reflectometer

    3 2 A ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

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    NEWS

    combines complete tracing and testing of circuitry and all mechanical com-ponents. And it will include complete overhaul and modernization of the physical appearance of the units. Modifications are incorporated into current models, improving operating

    Joseph Mattauch ( le f t ) , director of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz, Germany, was a recent visitor to the United States. During his travels he stopped off at Consolidated Electrodynamics, where he was the guest of Harold W . Washburn, vice president and director of research. Mattauch is coinventor of the Mattauch-Herzog mass spectrometer, used widely for precise atomic mass measurements and metallurgical analysis. Washburn was the 1956 recipient of the Beckman award for his pioneering efforts in applying mass spectrometry in chemistry

    ANALYST'S CALENDAR

    A u g . 13 to 15 I

    Aug . 20 to 27

    Seventh Annual Conference on Industrial Applications of X-Ray Analysis, Denver Research Institute, University of Denver, Albany Hotel, Denver, Colo. Contact: William M. Mueller, Metallurgy Division, Denver Research Institute, University of Denver, Denver 10, Colo.

    Society for Analytical Chemistry, Symposium on Microchemistry, Birmingham, England. Contact: W. T. Elwell, I.C.I. (Metals Di-vision) Ltd., P. O. Box 216, Research Department, Kyriick Works, Wilton, Birmingham 6, England.

    Sept. 1 to 13Second International Congress on Peaceful Uses /> r . of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland. v _ O m i n g C v e n i S Sept. 4 to 6Electron Microscope Society of America, annual

    meeting, Miramar Hotel, Los Angeles, Calif. Sept. 7 to 12American Chemical Society, 1341 h National Meeting, Chii-ago, 111. Sept. 7 to 20XXXI Congrs International de Chimie Industrielle, Lige and Brussels,

    Belgium. Sept. 9 to 12ACS Chicago Section, Tenth National Chemical Exposition, Inter-

    national Amphitheatre, Chicago, 111. Sept. 15 to 17Canadian Association for Applied Spectroscopy, Fifth Ottawa Sym-

    posium on Applied Spectroscopy, Ottawa, Canada. Sept. 15 to 19-Instrument Society of America, thirteenth annual instrument automa-

    tion conference and exhibit, Philadelphia, Pa. Sept. 24 to 26ASTM Committee E-14 and Institute of Petroleum, Mass Spectrom-

    etry Panel, Hydrocarbon Research Group, joint meeting, London, England. Sept. 29 to Oct. 1Second Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Reactor

    Technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Gatlinburg, Tenn. Oct. 20 to 22American Oil Chemists' Society, fall meeting, Hotel Sherman, Chicago,

    111.

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  • NEWS

    characteristics and reliability wherever practical. The modernized units are warranted as new instruments for one vear.

    Water Examination Group Meets

    At its fourth meeting held recently at Gainesville, Fla., the Joint Committee on Uniformity of Methods of Water Examination approved and adopted a series of recommendations on

    water inspection. These concerned reporting of results, method of hardness determination, and method for insoluble and dissolved iron.

    Results should be expressed in parts per million, and as ions rather than hypothetical combinations. The sum of calcium and magnesium ion concentration should be used to calculate hardness. The approved method for hardness would be complexometric or EDTA titration. It was also recommended that the ortho-phenanthroline procedures of ASTM and AWWA for

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    insoluble and dissolved iron be unchanged, but that the TAPPI thio-cyanate method be abandoned.

    In addition to these moves, the committee authorized three new panels, and decided that efforts would be directed toward continuous operation of 12 review panels.

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    N E W BOOKS

    X-Ray Microscopy and Microradiography. Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, 1956. Editors, V. E. Cosslett, Arne Engstrom, and H. H. Patte, Jr. xvii + 645 pages. Academic Press, Inc., I l l Fifth Avenue, New York 3, . . 1957. $16.50.

    The Symposium on X-Ray Microscopy and Microradiography, held at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England, from August 16 to 21, 1956 was said to be the first meeting of its nature. I t was made possible through financial grants from the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, the Royal Society, and several British commercial undertakings.

    All papers that were read at the symposium are included in full in this volume, along with short extracts of discussions following the presentations. A total of about 65 papers is given, covering 13 categories: introduction; tubes for contact microradiography; tubes for projection microradiography; design and construction of reflection microscopes; methods and techniques in contact microradiography; intensity and resolution in projection microradiography; microdiffraction; Gabor diffraction, scanning methods; new imaging techniques, production of x-rays; quantitative microanalysis ; histology, biological applications; medical and dental applications; and metallurgical and other applications.

    The book has many photographs, diagrams, charts, and tables, and contains both an author and a subject index.

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    3 4 A ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

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    Flame Photometry. F. Burriel-Marti and J. Ramirez-Munoz. xii + 531 pages. D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 257 Fourth Ave., New York 10, . . 1057. S12.75.

    This book is an outgrowth of a short review of flame photometry methods and their applications written in Spanish for Spanish-speaking analysts. Interest in that review was great enough so that the authors were impelled to write the present book, translated into English by W. C. Darwell. In addition to basic information on flame photometry the manual, as the authors prefer to call it, contains a set of practical ideas based on their personal experiences. The two men have been associated with the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Madrid and with the Institute of Edaphology in Madrid.

    The book's 25 chapters are divided into six sections, as follows: origin and principles of flame photometry, analysis by flame photometry, instrumental systems, extent and limitations of flame photometry, experimental method, and analytical applications. A short appendix gives recommendations for setting up a flame photometry laboratory, and there are several tables on stock solutions, analytical factors, and concentration conversion factors. A bibliography, plus an addendum thereto, lists a total of 909 references. The book closes with a subject index.

    Contributi Teorici e Sperimentali di Polarografia. Vol. III . A cura del centro di studio per la polarografia. 567 pages. Consiglio Nazionale Delle Richerche, Piazzale delle scienze n. 7, Roma. 1957. 4.555 lira.

    This Italian-language volume, the third of "Theoretical and Experimental Contribution to Polarography," is a collection of some works on the activity of the Centro di Polarografia of the Italian Council of Research during the year 1956. The various contributions follow an order corresponding to a general classification of the polarographic material as adopted by the Centre. That order was maintained in the first two volumes of the series, as well as this one: polarographic methodology; polarographic equipment; theoretical questions; polarographic behavior of some inorganic and organic substances ; and applications of techniques in the fields of chemical statics, chemical kinetics, and analytical chemistry.

    There follow some reviews representing the development of polarographic applications to given fields of applied analytical chemistry. The last part consists of about 300 tables of selected

    polarographic data. These are in the form approved for documentation on an international scale by the Section on Electrochemical Data of the II 'PAC at its Lisbon meeting in 1956.

    Principles of Microradiography; Bibliography; Microradiology and Soft X-Ray Radiography. 31 pages. Philips Electronics, Inc., 750 So. Fulton Ave., M t . Vernon, . . 1957. Paper. No charge.

    This volume was prepared for a special symposium on microradiography which was part of the program at the Conference of the Electron Microscope Society of America, held at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in September, 1957.

    One section is devoted to the principles of microradiography, and discusses contact and projection techniques along with x-ray microscopy. Other subjects covered include: definition,

    For further Information, circle number 35 A on Readers' Service Card, page 69 A

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    geometrical blurring, film unsharpness, unsharpness due to movement, contrast, soft x-rays, increasing contrast in the

    | specimen, increasing contrast with pho-I tographic material, and photomicro-! graphs. | The text also treats such topics as specimen preparation techniques and \ applications. Industrial use in paper, \ textile, metals, and foodstuff fields are discussed. Similarly handled are medi-| cal-biological applications such as ex-i animations of bone and tissue. i About 500 references are listed in the : bibliography which covers articles on > conventional microradiography and I soft x-ray radiography, geometric x-ray ! microscopy, x-ray microscopy, and elec

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    1 Volumetric Analysis; Titration Methods: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions, Vol. III. I. M. Kolthoff, R. Belcher, V. A. Stenger, and G. Matsuyama. ix + 714 pages. Inter-science Publishers, Inc., 250 Fifth Ave., New York 1, . . 1957.

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    The first two volumes of Volumetric Analysis were published in 1942 and 1947, respectively. Volume I covered theoretical fundamentals of volumetric analysis, and Volume II followed with

    I a discussion of titration methods involving acid-base, precipitation, and complex formation reactions. This book on oxidation-reduction titrations becomes the final \rolume of the set.

    The book contains 15 chapters, the first of which deals somewhat generally with reactions, indicators, and techniques in oxidation-reduction titrations. This is followed by detailed coverage of potassium permanganate as a volu-

    : metric reagent, and oxidimetry with permanganate and eerie salts. Three chapters are devoted to reagents and their standardization in iodometry, and iodometric determination of inorganic and organic substances. Chapter IX discusses determination of water with Karl Fischer reagent. Chapters X, XI, XII, and XIII cover reactions with potassium iodate, periodate, potassium bromate, and hypohalites. The 14th chapter deals with titrations with iron-i l l ) , titanium (III) , and other strong reducing agents, and Chapter XV closes the book with a discussion of miscellaneous titrants. The book contains both author and subject indexes.

    X-Ray Crystal Structure. Dan Mc-Lachlan, Jr. vii + 416 pages. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 330 West 42nd St., New York 36, . . 1957. $15.00.

    This book is designed to fill in the

    gap which the author feels exists between popular and rigorous treatment of the subject. It discusses determination of atomic positions within a crystalline material, using x-ray data obtained from single crystals. It stresses the theory of space groups, single crystal cameras, Fourier methods, computing devices, and the phase problem. Such computing devices as Robertson's Strip Methods, the Bragg-Huggins Mask, the Sand Machine, and the Utah Computer are described. A final chapter gives examples of six crystalline materials whose structures have already been determined.

    The author attempts to give the beginner, on the one hand, a foundation of crystallographic concepts. On the other hand, he has tried to give the seasoned crystallographer a new and novel treatment of a familiar subject. Many diagrams, tables, and charts are included, and references are given at the end of each chapter. A name index and a subject index are included at the end of the book.

    A Short Course in Quantitative Analysis. 2nd ed. Hobart H. Willard, N. Howell Furman, and Egbert K. Bacon, vi + 243 pages. D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 120 Alexander St., Princeton, N. J. 1957. $4.25. The first five chapters give an intro

    duction to the topic and to laboratory work, and discuss measurement by weight and volume and evaluation of measurements. The three classes of titrationsacid-base, oxidation-reduction, and precipitate or complex formingare covered in the following six chapters. Two chapters are devoted to gravimetric analysis, and the final two chapters deal with gravimetric separations and with analysis by physical measurements. Several appendices are included, one of them describing the literature of analytical chemistry. A large number of problems are presented at the end of each chapter.

    Report of the Analytical Methods Committee 1956. 24 pages. The Society for Analytical Chemistry, 14 Belgrave Square, London, S. W. 1, England. 1957. No charge. This is the second report issued by

    the Analytical Methods Committee since its reorganization a little over 2 years ago. The report itself starts off with a general review of the progress of work, a research scholarship, the trust fund, and expenditures. This is followed by three groups of reports in greater detail: the reports of the subcommittees of the Analytical Methods Committee; a report of the ABCM/

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    SAC Joint Committee on Methods for the Analysis of Trade Effluents; and the report of the PS/SAC Joint Committee on Methods of Assay of Crude Drugs. Also in the report is a list of works published during the year, including 17 determinations. Appendices include a detailed financial account of the committee for the year and a list of subscribers to the trust fund. The report closes with a list of reports issued bv the \-arious subcommittees since 1927.

    Gas Chromatography. A. I . M . Keulemans, edited by C. G. Verver. vii + 217 pages. Reinhold Publishing Corp., 430 Park Ave., New York 22, . . 1957. $7.50. The author of this book has access to

    data obtained not only in Koninklijke/ Shell-Laboratorium, Amsterdam, where he is employed, but also in other Shell companies in the United States and Great Britain. These results, together with the views of specialists on matters of theory and equipment, play an important part in presentation of the subject of this book.

    The author points out that use was made in the text of the principal publications on gas chromatography up to Jan. 1, 1956. Literature appearing since then has been referred to only in exceptional cases. In arranging the subject matter, the attempt was made to reconcile practical usefulness with theoretical soundness. In most normal analyses by gas chromatography, the author feels that excellent results can be obtained with little or no knowledge of the underlying theory. But once the investigator leaves the field of routine separations and attacks more difficult applications, he will find that some familiarity with the fundamentals is essential. For these reasons, the normal practice of gas-liquid chromatography is covered before theoretical matters are discussed.

    The opening chapter is devoted to a review of the whole field of chromatography and of related physical processes. The second chapter deals with normal practical applications of gas-liquid chromatography, and chapter three follows with detailed discussion of equipment required. Chapters four, five, six, and seven cover the theories underlying gas-liquid chromatography, showing how such principles can be applied when dealing with difficult situations and nonanalytical applications. Finally, chapter eight is a discussion of gas-solid chromatography.

    The book is illustrated with numerous charts and diagrams, and has a list of symbols, three appendices, and an author index.

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