Academic Readiness: A College Readiness Primer

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1. ACADEMIC READINESS: A COLLEGE READINESS PRIMER Dr. Rebecca Joseph rjoseph@calstatela.edu 2. TO LEARN MORE Email rjoseph@calstatela.edu Phone 323-646-5759 Facebook Getmetocollege Freeadvice Iphone,iPad,Google application All College Application Essays Twitter @getmetocollege Website getmetocollege.org/hs (focus on first generation and under-represented students) 3. Grades Academic Rigor (including senior year) Standardized Test Scores Strong applications Great essays Counselor Reports Extracurricular Activities Teacher Letters of Recommendation Other Unique Features WHAT COLLEGES LOOK FOR IN MATCH STUDENTS 4. GRADES Grades are the best predictor of how well a student will do in college. Colleges look for students who demonstrate Continuous strong performance Upward progression in performance Particular academic strengths Exceeding basic admissions requirements. For example, in California, going beyond the A-G requirements required by the UC and CSU systems. For top privates, taking advanced classes in and out of high school. 5. What Are the A-G Requirements The A-G Requirements are a sequence of 15 high school courses, GPAs, and grades that students must complete to qualify for the Cal State and UC campuses. 11 must be completed by the time applicants apply. In addition to the coursework requirements, the two systems do not accept Ds or Fs. Students must successfully retake the classes, received certain test scores, or validate the classes to qualify. LAUSD uses the A-G course requirements as their graduation requirements, but allows Ds. 6. A. History/Social Science 2 years required Two years of history/social science, including one year of world history, cultures and geography, one year of U.S. history, or one-half year of U.S. history and one-half year of civics or American government. B. English 4 years required Four years of college-preparatory English. No more than one year of high ESL-type courses can be used to meet this requirement. C. Mathematics 3 years required, 4 years recommended. Algebra 2 is minimum for Cal States and UCs. Three years of college-preparatory mathematics that include the topics covered in elementary and advanced algebra and two- and three-dimensional geometry. Approved integrated math courses may be used to fulfill part or all of this requirement, as may math courses taken in the seventh and eighth grades that your high school accepts as equivalent to its own math courses. A-G Requirements 7. D. Laboratory Science 2 years required, 3 years recommended Two years of laboratory science providing fundamental knowledge in at least two of these three foundational subjects: biology, chemistry and physics. Advanced laboratory science classes that have biology, chemistry or physics as prerequisites and offer substantial additional material may be used to fulfill this requirement, as may the final two years of an approved three-year integrated science program that provides rigorous coverage of at least two of the three foundational subjects. E. Language Other than English 2 years required, 3 years recommended Two years of the same language other than English. Courses should emphasize speaking and understanding, and include instruction in grammar, vocabulary, reading, composition and culture. Courses in languages other than English taken in the seventh and eighth grades may be used to fulfill part of this requirement if your high school accepts them as equivalent to its own courses. Foreign students who receive 800 on SAT II foreign language or approved AP score can test out of language requirement. One year of sign language at a community college also can count. MORE A-G REQUIREMENTS 8. F. Visual and Performing Arts (VPA) 1 year required A single yearlong approved arts course from a single VPA discipline: dance, drama/theater, music or visual art. dance, drama/theater, music or visual art. G. College-Preparatory Electives 1 year required One year (two semesters), in addition to those required in "a-f" above, chosen from the following areas: engineering, technology, visual and performing arts (non-introductory level courses), history, social science, English, advanced mathematics, laboratory science and language other than English (a third year in the language used for the "e" requirement or two years of another language). MORE A-G REQUIREMENTS 9. A-G Requirements Honors Points for UC Eligibility. They assign extra grade points for up to eight semesters (with no more than 4 semesters from 10th grade courses) of UC-certified honors-level, AP, IB or college/university courses taken in grades 10, 11 and 12 in which the student earned a grade of C or better. Grades of D/F are not assigned extra honors points. ELLS must pass four years of high school English. ESL 4 counts as 9th grade English. 10. LAUSD and the A-G LAUSD requires taking the A-G course requirements along with other courses like Health and two years of PE as their graduation requirement BUT LAUSD allows Ds unlike the Cal States or UCs Each school has a school specific list of A-G classes. Often you need to make sure the courses that are marked Honors are actually Honors according to the University of California Here is official list for the UC A-G website: http://www.ucop.edu/agguide/ 11. LAUSD and the A-G 12. Turning A-G Into CSU/UC Readiness GPA requirement for UC (3.0) and CSU (2.0) AP/Honors/CC courses give an extra GPA point for 8 semesters, only 4 in 10th grade, none in 9th. For UC, students must complete 11 out of the required A-G 15 courses must be completed by the end of their junior year (really time your application is submitted) 13. TOO FEW AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND LATINO GRADUATES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR A 4-YEAR CALIFORNIA UNIVERSITY 35% 59% 41% 27% 26% 39% 29% 43% 31% 41% 74% 89% 83% 59% 68% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% All Asian White African- American Latino HighSchoolGraduationRate High School and A-G Graduation Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2009- 10 HS Grads NOT Meeting A-G Requirements HS Grads Meeting A-G Requirements 14. ACADEMIC RIGOR Colleges look at How difficult each students course load is compared to academic options offered at school Whether students keep up rigorous schedules and/or drop too many core classes as they go up in grades Academic reputation of school Particular strength and exploration in particular content areas ACADEMIC RIGOR 15. SO Take recommend that students take the most challenging courses possible while keeping grades as high as possible. Make a four year plan and make sure all their classes count. Take honors and AP classes in stronger content areas if planning to apply to top colleges. Continue to increase rigor in higher grades. Most colleges, including the UCs and Cal States, do not accept Ds in any A-G classes. Do not drop core content in junior or senior year. Use summers for advancement and enrichment, not just for fulfilling high school graduation requirements. Understand that colleges will compare student academic choices to those offered at school. If foreign language is a struggle, consider sign language. One year at community college equals two years for CSU and UCs and many colleges. 16. UC Admissions policies 1. California students are guaranteed admission if: You rank in the top 9 percent of California high school students, according to our To see the index, http://admission.universityofcalifornia.edu/fres hman/california-residents/admissions- index/index.html 2. You rank in the top 9% of students at your high school. We refer to this as "Eligible in the Local Context" (ELC). 3. Schools submit top 15%, and then UCs calculate. 17. Local Eligibility http://admission.universityofcalifornia.edu/freshman/califor nia-residents/local-path/index.html 18. State Eligibility http://admission.universityofcalifornia.edu/freshman/califor nia-residents/admissions-index/index.html 19. Academic Advancement If you students run out of classes at their high school, they can take free classes at local community colleges. High school students can get AP credit for these classes. Many private colleges recalculate GPAs with these courses. Taking advanced classes impresses colleges, and they are free (except for fees and books). If you have time, students can take community college or state university classes in areas that interest you such as Psychology or Art History. Consider taking English 101 to enhance your reading and writing skills. Other summer academic programs, such COSMOS, the California State Summer School for the Arts or Otiss Summer Art Program http://jacobsschool.ucsd.edu/cosmos/ (also at San Diego, Irvine, and Santa Cruz) http://www.csssa.org/ http://www.otis.edu/summer-art Free online classes through MIT and Stanford. If students need to retake a class because of a low grade, consider Brigham Young online, Keystone, or National Virtual University High School. Encourage them to clear before November of senior year, so they can have new grades count. http://ce.byu.edu/is/site/courses/highschool.cfmhttp://www.nuvhs. org/ Remember, online courses must meet A-G approval. Lab courses must be live or supervised. Art is now approved online. 20. Cal State Readiness More and more campuses and programs are impacted We have an eligibility index for those whose GPAs fall between 2.0 and 3.0. Easy way to calculate test score need for each GPA. https://www2.calstate.edu/apply/eligibility-index For D or F class to be replaced, must take extra same class. 21. Other Colleges All colleges have academic requirements. Other out of state schools, you need to check on their websites. Private colleges often dont list official minimum GPAs, but the more rigorous, the more is expected. They dont follow A-G and are more forgiving of some requirements, for kids with disabilities or ELLs. 22. Other Ways of Making Up Classes Take classes through adult schools. Take classes through summer school. Take classes by adding another class to school year schedule. Take classes online. Some free or very low cost providers of online classes- Check at your high school. Below are approved free online LAUSD sites: http://achieve.lausd.net/Page/7843 23. Validation Validation occurs to help with certain math and foreign language issues. If youre not sure, check this website. http://admission.universityofcalifornia.edu/counselors/q- and-a/validation/ LAUSD has specific validations requirements through class of 2019 http://achieve.lausd.net/cms/lib08/CA01000043/Centricity/ Domain/577/forms/BUL-6566.1.pdf 24. Holistic Review Academics are just one measure for most private colleges. Academics are one of fourteen measures for the University of California, assuming kids are eligible. UC Berkeleys Definition: The applicants full record of achievement in college preparatory work in high school, including the number and rigor of courses taken and grades earned in those courses. Personal qualities of the applicant, including leadership ability, character, motivation, insight, tenacity, initiative, originality, intellectual independence, responsibility, maturity, and demonstrated concern for others and for the community are considered. Likely contributions to the intellectual and cultural vitality of the campus. In addition to a broad range of intellectual interests and achievements, admission readers seek diversity in personal background and experience. Performance on standardized tests, the SAT Reasoning Test or ACT Assessment plus Writing Test. In addition, any Advanced Placement or IBHL examinations the applicant may have taken will be considered. Achievement in academic enrichment programs, including but not limited to those sponsored by the University of California. This criterion is measured by time and depth of participation, by the academic progress made by the applicant during that participation, and by the intellectual rigor of the particular program. Other evidence of achievement. This criterion recognizes exemplary, sustained achievement in any field of intellectual or creative endeavor; accomplishments in extracurricular activities such as the performing arts or athletics; leadership in school or community organizations; employment; and volunteer service. http://admissions.berkeley.edu/selectsstudents 25. TRACKERs University of California A-G tracker: http://www.ucop.edu/diversity-engagement/_files/Map- online.pdf EAOP from UCSD Tracker. http://eaop.ucsd.edu/_forms/your-academic-planner.pdf Cal State Academic Readiness. Lots of materials. https://www2.calstate.edu/apply/freshman/getting_into_the _csu/Pages/admission-requirements.aspx Online trackers. http://gpacalculator.net/ 26. Six Recommendations to Increase Academic Success For 9th Graders Chicago doubled academic success for 9th grades. 1. Make use of proven early-warning indicators. Freshmen who are on track to graduateearning no more than one F in a core course per semester and accumulating sufficient credits to advance to sophomore yearare four times more likely to graduate than students who are off-track. The consortiums on-track indicator uses simple data-reports that allow teachers to monitor student performance, identify those at risk of failing classes, and share successful intervention strategies. Chicagos on-track rate for freshmen rose from 57 to 82 percent between 2007 and 2013. 2. Focus on attendance data. Attendance is the precursor to engagement, learning, academic success, and, yes, graduation. The consortium found that each week of absence per semester in 9th grade is associated with a more than 20 percentage-point decline in the probability of graduating from high school. In light of this, schools must work to help students and families understand the cost of frequent absences, closely monitor attendance, and provide support from teachers and staff to get students to class. 27. Six Recommendations to Increase Academic Success For 9th Graders 3. Embrace collective responsibility for academic success. Attendance improves when teachers take collective responsibility for the success of the whole school, not just their individual students. A school culture that stresses collective responsibility for absences and academic success might include team meetings around real-time attendance reports or shared outreach when students do not show up to class. At the K-12 University of Chicago Charter School, which in 2015-16 had an attendance rate of 97 percent at one of its four campuses, educators created charts and graphs of attendance for hallways and highlighted its school attendance importance at assemblies and morning announcements. 4. Raise the bar to "Bs or better." Ninety-five percent of students who earn Bs or better and have a GPA of 3.0 in 9th grade go on to graduate from high school. With a C average, however, the rate slips to 72 percent. For freshmen with a D average, only half will go on to graduate. Conveying the importance of good grades and strong GPAs early in students high school careers can keep them from scrambling to catch up when it might be too late. 28. Six Recommendations to Increase Academic Success For 9th Graders 5. Foster supportive relationships to ease transitions. The transition from the middle grades to high school can lead even good students to strugglea dramatic drop in grades, attendance, and academic behavior is a common warning sign of this strain. In high school, its easier to skip class and harder to figure out how to get help with coursework. But high school doesnt have to be impersonal. Teachers, counselors, coaches, mentors, and friends can make a concerted effort to reach out to students when they show signs of falling behind or disengaging, find out why they are struggling, and get them the academic or emotional support they need 6. Assess and refine disciplinary practices. African-American students, students with low test scores, and vulnerable students with a history of abuse and neglect receive out-of-school suspensions at higher rates than their peers. Out-of-school suspensions mean students lose class time, which can place them at greater risk of falling farther behind. When schools understand which of their students receive suspensions, they can develop targeted interventions for individual students and help keep them on track to graduate.. 29. SO WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE? 1. UC handouts and materialas http://ucop.edu/diversity-engagement/resources- publications/college-access-preparation- resources/index.html 2. College Board-SAT http://www.collegeboard.com 3. ACT http://www.actstudent.org 4. My Website http://www.getmetocollege.org 5. National Association of College Admissions Counselors (NACAC) https://www.nacacnet.org/advocacy-- ethics/initiatives/steps/ 30. COLLEGE READINESS IS NOT A GAME! 31. TO LEARN MORE Email rjoseph@calstatela.edu Phone 323-646-5759 Facebook Getmetocollege Freeadvice Iphone/Ipad/Google application All College Application Essays Twitter @getmetocollege Website getmetocollege.org/ (focus on first generation and under-represented students)

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