academic honesty and the proper use of information

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Academic honesty and the proper use of information. By Juliet Evans ASFG librarian. Do you…. use information or take information?. Copying other people’s words and pretending they’re yours. Plagiarism is…. Presenting someone else’s idea and pretending it’s yours. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Academic honesty and the proper use of informationBy Juliet EvansASFG librarian

  • Do youuseinformation or takeinformation?

  • Plagiarism isPresenting someone elses idea and pretending its yoursCopying other peopleswords and pretending theyre yoursNot citing your sources

  • How to avoid plagiarismDirect quote Put around someone elses exact words that you use in your work

    To be or not to be, that is the question. (Shakespeare)

  • How to avoid plagiarismDirect quote Put around someone elses exact words that you use in your work

    To be or not to be, that is the question. (Shakespeare)Paraphrase Explain someone elses idea in your own words

    Faced with the skull of his old friend, Hamlet struggles with the meaning of mortality. (Shakespeare)

  • How to avoid plagiarismDirect quote Put around someone elses exact words that you use in your work

    To be or not to be, that is the question. (Shakespeare)Paraphrase Explain someone elses idea in your own words

    Faced with the skull of his old friend, Hamlet struggles with the meaning of mortality. (Shakespeare)In both cases, you must give credit for the original words or idea.

  • Paraphrasing

    A good paraphrase should

    have the same meaning as the originalbut not sound like the originalonly have 3-4 words the same as the original

    Paraphrasing is not easyit takes practice!

  • Steps in paraphrasingRead the original carefullyClose the book/screen window while you write your own explanationCheck your sentence against the originalCite the source

  • Time to practiceTake brief notes on the following:What happenedWhereWhenWhoWhy its significanthttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8038368.stm

  • Things you should citeAny quote or idea you used from the following sources:

    book

    web page

    magazine

  • Things you should citeAny quote or idea you used from the following sources:

    book

    web page

    magazine

    CD/DVD

    music

    movie

  • Things you should citeAny quote or idea you used from the following sources:

  • Things you don't need to cite(take a guess)Anything that you createdYour own experiencesobservationsinterpretationsconclusionsphotosandCommon knowledge & facts

  • Why do we teach this? Because there are consequences for dishonesty:

    -You fail the paper or the whole class -You get expelled (yes it has happened at our school!)-Your academic reputation suffers-You wont get into any other good schoolsBecause if youre copying from others, youre not learning & thinking for yourself

  • Research tipsSearch efficientlyGoogle advanced search[ jaguar -cars -football -os ][ San Francisco Giants 2004 OR 2005 ]

    Use reliable sources EBSCO .org .edu Whos the sites author?

    **Bag stealing analogy: Plagiarism is a kind of theft. (I pick up a students bag) Its like me taking this bag and telling everyone that its mine. We understand why thats wrong Ive stolen something and now Im lying about it- because a bag is a physical object that can have ownership. Its harder to think of words and ideas as having owners, but when it comes to plagiarism, try to think in those terms: that words and ideas are the property of the person who created them.*Questions for students: Why should you close the book/screen window while writing your own explanation? Why should you check your paraphrase against the original?You will each be practicing how to paraphrase correctly in a moment.Give the students a few minutes to read the article. They should focus on finding the basic facts/ main ideas of the piece. Close the browser window while they write the 5 facts down. Then construct a new sentence using those facts - a paraphrase of the original, that expresses the same meaning but hopefully sounds very different.*I recommend using the web site Citation Machine for citing sources correctly. It seems to be the most up-to-date in terms of how to cite new formats such as blogs and podcasts.*I recommend using the web site Citation Machine for citing sources correctly. It seems to be the most up-to-date in terms of how to cite new formats such as blogs and podcasts.*I recommend using the web site Citation Machine for citing sources correctly. It seems to be the most up-to-date in terms of how to cite new formats such as blogs and podcasts.*Pause the presentation at this title: ask students to predict what does not need to be cited before advancing the list. The class teacher contributes some examples of common knowledge & facts related to the students current research projects.Final example is a site apparently about Martin Luther King. The site authors are actually white supremacists (Storm Front) whove set up the site with the intention of casting doubt on the positive image of MLK. An example of how knowing a little about the authors bias can help you decide how trustworthy the information is likely to be.