Aberdeen Bestiary

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<p>Aberdeen Bestiary</p> <p>1</p> <p>Aberdeen BestiaryThe Aberdeen Bestiary (Aberdeen University Library, Univ Lib. MS 24) is a 12th century English illuminated manuscript bestiary that was first listed in 1542 in the inventory of the Old Royal Library at the Palace of Westminster. Information about its origins and patron are circumstantial. It probably comes from the 12th century and was owned by an ecclesiastical patron of the north or south province. The Aberdeen Bestiary is related to other bestiaries of the Middle Ages and especially the Ashmole Bestiary. Some argue that the Aberdeen Bestiary might be the older of the two.</p> <p>Folio 56 recto of the Aberdeen Bestiary has a miniature of the Phoenix.</p> <p>Creation Folio 1 (i.e., leaf) recto: Creation of heaven and earth (Genesis, 1: 1-5). Folio 1 verso: Creation of the waters and the firmament (Genesis, 1: 6-8). Folio 2 recto : Creation of the birds and fishes (Genesis, 1: 20-23). Folio 2 verso : Creation of the animals (Genesis, 1: 24-25). Folio 3 recto : Creation of man (Genesis, 1: 26-28, 31; 2: 1-2). Folio 5 recto : Adam names the animals (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 1-2). Folio 5 verso : Animal (Animal) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 3)Folio 5 recto : Adam names the animals.</p> <p> Folio 5 verso : Quadruped (Quadrupes) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 4) Folio 5 verso : Livestock (Pecus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 5-6) Folio 5 verso : Beast of burden (Iumentum) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 7) Folio 5 verso : Herd (Armentum) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 8)</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary</p> <p>2</p> <p>Beasts (Bestiae) Folio 7 recto : Lion (Leo) (Physiologus, Chapter 1; Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 3-6) Folio 8 recto : Tiger (Tigris) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 7) Folio 8 verso : Pard (Pard) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 10-11) Folio 9 recto : Panther (Panther) (Physiologus, Chapter 16; Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 8-9) After folio 9 verso some leaves are missing which should have contained Antelope (Antalops), Unicorn (Unicornis), Lynx (Lynx), Griffin (Gryps) and part of Elephant (Elephans). Folio 10 recto : Elephant (Elephans) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 14; Physiologus, Chapter 43; Ambrose, Hexaemeron, Book VI, 35; Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium [1], xxv, 1-7) Folio 11 recto : Beaver (Castor) Folio 11 recto : Ibex (Ibex) (Hugh of Fouilloy, II, 15) Folio 11 verso : Hyena (Yena) (Physiologus, Chapter 24; Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, xxvii, 23-24) Folio 12 recto : Crocotta (Crocotta) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, xxvii, 26) Folio 12 recto : Bonnacon (Bonnacon) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, xl, 10-11) Folio 12 verso : Ape (Simia) Folio 13 recto : Satyr (Satyrs) Folio 13 recto : Deer (Cervus) Folio 14 recto : Goat (Caper) Folio 14 verso : Wild goat (Caprea) Folio 15 recto : Monoceros (Monoceros) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium [1], lii, 39-40) Folio 15 recto : Bear (Ursus) Folio 15 verso : Leucrota (Leucrota) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, lii, 34) After folio 15 verso some leaves are missing which should have contained Crocodile (Crocodilus), Manticore (Mantichora) and part of Parandrus (Parandrus). Folio 16 recto : Parandrus (Parandrus) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, xxx, 25) Folio 16 recto : Fox (Vulpes) Folio 16 verso : Yale (Eale) (Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium, lii, 35) Folio 16 verso : Wolf (Lupus)Folio 11 verso : Hyena (Yena). Folio 9 recto : Panther (Panther). Folio 8 verso : Pard (Pardus).</p> <p>Folio 8 recto : Tiger (Tigris).</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary Folio 18 recto : Dog (Canis)</p> <p>3</p> <p>Livestocks (Pecora) Folio 20 verso : Sheep (Ovis) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 9; Ambrose, Hexaemeron, Book VI, 20) Folio 21 recto : Wether (Vervex) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 10) Folio 21 recto : Ram (Aries) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 11) Folio 21 recto : Lamb (Agnus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 12; Ambrose, Hexaemeron, Book VI, 28) Folio 21 recto : He-goat (Hircus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 14) Folio 21 verso : Kid (Hedus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 13) Folio 21 verso : Boar (Aper) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 27) Folio 21 verso : Bullock (Iuvencus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 28) Folio 21 verso : Bull (Taurus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 29) After folio 21 verso two leaves are missing which should have contained Ox (Bos), Camel (Camelus), Dromedary (Dromedarius), Ass (Asinus), Onager (Onager) and part of Horse (Equus). Folio 22 recto : Horse (Equus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 41-56; Hugh of Fouilloy, III, xxiii) Folio 23 recto : Mule (Mulus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, i, 57-60)Folio 15 recto : Monoceros (Monoceros).</p> <p>Folio 13 recto : Satyr (Satyrs).</p> <p>Small animals (Minuta animala) Folio 23 verso : Cat (Musio) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, ii, 38) Folio 23 verso : Mouse (Mus) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, iii, 1) Folio 23 verso : Weasel (Mustela) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, iii, 2; Physiologus, Chapter 21) Folio 24 recto : Mole (Talpa) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, iii, 5) Folio 24 recto : Hedgehog (Ericius) (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae, Book XII, iii, 7; Ambrose, Hexaemeron, VI, 20) Folio 24 verso : Ant (Formica) (Physiologus, 12; Ambrose, Hexaemeron, Book VI, 16, 20)Folio 21 recto : Ram (Aries).</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary</p> <p>4</p> <p>Birds (Aves) Folio 25 recto : Bird (Avis) Folio 25 verso : Dove (Columba) Folio 26 recto : Dove and Hawk (Columba et Accipiter) Folio 26 verso : Dove (Columba) Folio 29 verso : North wind and South wind (Aquilo et Auster ventus) Folio 30 recto : Hawk (Accipiter) Folio 31 recto : Turtle dove (Turtur) Folio 32 verso : Palm tree (Palma) Folio 33 verso : Cedar (Cedrus) Folio 34 verso : Pelican (Pellicanus) Folio 35 verso : Night heron (Nicticorax) Folio 36 recto : Hoopoe (Epops) Folio 36 verso : Magpie (Pica) Folio 37 recto : Raven (Corvus) Folio 38 verso : Cock (Gallus) Folio 41 recto : Ostrich (Strutio) Folio 44 recto : Vulture (Vultur) Folio 45 verso : Crane (Grus) Folio 46 verso : Kite (Milvus) Folio 46 verso : Parrot (Psitacus) Folio 47 recto : Ibis (Ibis) Folio 47 verso : Swallow (Yrundo) Folio 48 verso : Stork (Ciconia) Folio 49 verso : Blackbird (Merula) Folio 50 recto : Eagle-owl (Bubo) Folio 50 verso : Hoopoe (Hupupa) Folio 51 recto : Little Owl (Noctua) Folio 51 recto : Bat (Vespertilio) Folio 51 verso : Jay (Gragulus) Folio 52 verso : Nightingale (Lucinia) Folio 53 recto : Goose (Anser) Folio 53 verso : Heron (Ardea) Folio 54 recto : Partridge (Perdix) Folio 54 verso : Halcyon (Alcyon) Folio 55 recto : Coot (Fulica) Folio 55 recto : Phoenix (Fenix) Folio 56 verso : Caladrius (Caladrius) Folio 57 verso : Quail (Coturnix) Folio 58 recto : Crow (Cornix) Folio 58 verso : Swan (Cignus) Folio 59 recto : Duck (Anas) Folio 59 verso : Peacock (Pavo)Folio 55 verso : Phoenix (Fenix) rising from its ashes. Folio 35 verso : Night heron (Nicticorax). Folio 21 recto : Lamb (Agnus).</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary Folio 61 recto : Eagle (Aquila) Folio 63 recto : Bee (Apis)</p> <p>5</p> <p>Snakes and Reptiles (Serpentes) Folio 64 verso : Perindens tree (Perindens) Folio 65 verso : Snake (Serpens) Folio 65 verso : Dragon (Draco) Folio 66 recto : Basilisk (Basiliscus) Folio 66 verso : Regulus (Regulus) Folio 66 verso : Viper (Vipera) Folio 67 verso : Asp (Aspis) Folio 68 verso : Scitalis (Scitalis) Folio 68 verso : Amphisbaena (Anphivena) Folio 68 verso : Hydrus (Ydrus) Folio 69 recto : Boa (Boa) Folio 69 recto : Iaculus (Iaculus) Folio 69 verso : Siren (Siren) Folio 69 verso : Seps (Seps) Folio 69 verso : Dipsa (Dipsa) Folio 69 verso : Lizard (Lacertus) Folio 69 verso : Salamander (Salamandra) Folio 70 recto : Saura (Saura) Folio 70 verso : Newt (Stellio)Folio 56 recto : Phoenix (Fenix).</p> <p>Folio 65 recto : Perindens tree (Perindens).</p> <p> Folio 71 recto : Of the nature of Snakes (De natura serpentium)</p> <p>Worms (Vermes) Folio 72 recto : Worms (Vermis)</p> <p>Fish (Pisces) Folio 72 verso : Fish (Piscis) Folio 73 recto : Whale (Balena) Folio 73 recto : Serra (Serra) Folio 73 recto : Dolphin (Delphinus) Folio 73 verso : Sea-pig (Porcus marinus) Folio 73 verso : Crocodile (Crocodrillus)</p> <p> Folio 73 verso : Mullet (Mullus) Folio 74 recto : Fish (Piscis)</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary</p> <p>6</p> <p>Trees and Plants (Arbories) Folio 77 verso : Tree (Arbor) Folio 78 verso : Fig tree (Ficus) Folio 79 recto : Again of trees (Item de arboribus) Folio 79 recto : Mulberry tree Folio 79 recto : Sycamore Folio 79 recto : Nut tree Folio 79 recto : Nuts Folio 79 recto : Almond Folio 79 recto : Chestnut Folio 79 recto : Oak Folio 79 verso : Beech tree Folio 79 verso : Carob tree Folio 79 verso : Pistachio tree Folio 79 verso : Pitch-pine Folio 79 verso : Pine Folio 79 verso : Fir tree Folio 79 verso : Cedar Folio 80 recto : Cypress Folio 80 recto : Juniper Folio 80 recto : Plane tree Folio 80 recto : Oak Folio 80 recto : Ash tree Folio 80 recto : Alder Folio 80 verso : Elm Folio 80 verso : Poplar Folio 80 verso : Willow Folio 80 verso : Osier Folio 80 verso : Box tree</p> <p>Nature of Man (Natura hominis) Folio 80 verso : Isidorus on the nature of man (Ysidorus de natura hominis) Folio 89 recto : Isidorus on the parts of man's body (Ysidorus de membris hominis) Folio 91 recto : Of the age of man (De etate hominis)</p> <p>Stones (Lapides) Folio 93 verso : Fire-bearing stone (Lapis ignifer) Folio 94 verso : Adamas stone (Lapis adamas) Folio 96 recto : Myrmecoleon (Mermecoleon) Folio 96 verso : Verse (Versus) Folio 97 recto : Stone in the foundation of the wall (Lapis in fundamento muri) Folio 97 recto : The first stone, Jasper Folio 97 recto : The second stone, Sapphire Folio 97 recto : The third stone, Chalcedony Folio 97 verso : The fourth stone, Smaragdus</p> <p>Aberdeen Bestiary Folio 98 recto : The fifth stone, Sardonyx Folio 98 recto : The sixth stone, Sard Folio 98 verso : The seventh stone, Chrysolite Folio 98 verso : The eighth stone, Beryl Folio 99 recto : The ninth stone, Topaz Folio 99 verso : The tenth stone, Chrysoprase Folio 99 verso : The eleventh stone, Hyacinth Folio 100 recto : The twelfth stone, Amethyst Folio 100 recto : Of stones and what they can do (De effectu lapidum)</p> <p>7</p> <p>External links The Aberdeen Bestiary Project - University of Aberdeen [2], Online version of the bestiary. David Badke, The Medieval Bestiary : Manuscript: Univ. Lib. MS 24 (Aberdeen Bestiary) [3]</p> <p>References[1] http:/ / www. thelatinlibrary. com/ solinus5. html [2] http:/ / www. abdn. ac. uk/ bestiary [3] http:/ / bestiary. ca/ manuscripts/ manu100. htm</p> <p>Article Sources and Contributors</p> <p>8</p> <p>Article Sources and ContributorsAberdeen Bestiary Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=539180665 Contributors: 4ing, BD2412, BonsaiViking, BrainyBroad, BuffaloChip97, CalumH93, Conversion script, Darkwind, Deror avi, Drbreznjev, Dsmdgold, Ecphora, Epierre, Finn Bjrklid, Flyhighplato, Francs2000, Goldenrowley, Hannes Hirzel, JaGa, JamesAM, Jheald, Johnbod, Jza84, Keahapana, Ken Gallager, Keptin, Kpjas, Mais oui!, MakeRocketGoNow, Mattg82, MeltBanana, Mikeblas, Pak21, Pegship, Royboycrashfan, Rpyle731, SchuminWeb, ShelfSkewed, Squids and Chips, Ssola, Stevegiacomelli, Steven Walling, Taras, Wereon, William Avery, 20 anonymous edits</p> <p>Image Sources, Licenses and ContributorsImage:AberdeenBestiaryFol56rPhoenix.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:AberdeenBestiaryFol56rPhoenix.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Original uploader was Dsmdgold at en.wikipedia Image:AberdeenBestiaryFolio005rAdamNamesAnimalsDetail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:AberdeenBestiaryFolio005rAdamNamesAnimalsDetail.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Dsmdgold, Wolfmann, Wst Image:AberdeenBestiaryFolio008rTigerDetail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:AberdeenBestiaryFolio008rTigerDetail.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Acoma, BeatrixBelibaste, Dsmdgold, Shakko, Wolfmann, Wst, 1 anonymous edits Image:AberdeenBestiaryFolio008vLeopardDetail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:AberdeenBestiaryFolio008vLeopardDetail.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Abujoy, Dsmdgold, Goldfritha, Wolfmann Image:AberdeenBestiaryFolio009rPantherDetail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:AberdeenBestiaryFolio009rPantherDetail.jpg License: unknown Contributors: Abujoy, Dsmdgold, Mattes, Triton Image:F11v-aberdeen-best-detail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:F11v-aberdeen-best-detail.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Tetraktys Image:F13r-aberdeen-best.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:F13r-aberdeen-best.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Tetraktys Image:F15r-aberdeen-best-detail.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:F15r-aberdeen-best-detail.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Enzian44, Tetraktys, Tsaag Valren, 2 anonymous edits Image:Aberdeen ram.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Aberdeen_ram.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Mattes, Steven Walling, 1 anonymous edits Image:Aberdeen Lamb.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Aberdeen_Lamb.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Steven Walling, 1 anonymous edits Image:Aberdeen Bestiary - Owl.JPG Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Aberdeen_Bestiary_-_Owl.JPG License: Public Domain Contributors: Andreagrossmann, Wst Image:Phoenix rising from its ashes.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Phoenix_rising_from_its_ashes.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Dsmdgold, Hautala, Triton, 2 anonymous edits Image:Phoenix detail from Aberdeen Bestiary.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Phoenix_detail_from_Aberdeen_Bestiary.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Dsmdgold, Hautala, 2 anonymous edits Image:Perindens.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Perindens.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: nergal</p> <p>LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/</p>