a study on promoting com assessment of two existing community based ecotourism destinations, namely

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  • A Study on Promoting

    mAnAged

    in ChAl & tAl 31 May, 2013

    eCotouriSm Community

    Hariyo Ban Program

  • A Study on Promoting

    in ChAl & tAl

    Hariyo Ban Program

  • eCotouriSm

    A Study on Promoting

    mAnAged

    in ChAl & tAl

    Community

    31 May, 2013

    Hariyo Ban Program

  • © WWF 2014 All rights reserved Any reproduction of this publication in full or in part must mention the title and credit WWF.

    Published by WWF Nepal, Hariyo Ban Program This publication is also available in www.wwfnepal.org/publications

    PO Box: 7660 Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal T: +977 1 4434820, F: +977 1 4438458 hariyobanprogram@wwfnepal.org www.wwfnepal.org/hariyobanprogram

    Authors This report was prepared by the Nepal Economic Forum, Krishna Galli, Lalitpur. The assessment team comprised: Sujeev Shakya, Prachanda Man Shrestha, Dr. Tej Bahadur Thapa, Sudip Bhaju, Shristi Singh, Raju Tuladhar.

    Photo credits Cover photo: © Nepal Economic Forum

    Disclaimer This report is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of Nepal Economic Forum (NEF) and do not necessarily reflect the views of WWF, USAID or the United States Government.

    Publication Services Editing: Katherine Saunders Design and Layout: Big Stone Medium

    Hariyo Ban Program publication number: Report 020

  • Contents List of Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................... i

    Executive Summary ................................................................................................................................... ii

    Section 1: Rapid Assessment and Site Selection

    1. Background ............................................................................................................................................ 1

    2. Objectives .............................................................................................................................................. 3

    3. Scope of Work ....................................................................................................................................... 4

    4. Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 5

    5. Tourism Industry of Nepal ...................................................................................................................... 8

    6. Eco-tourism in Nepal ............................................................................................................................. 13

    7. Community Based Ecotourism ............................................................................................................... 22

    8. Literature Review .................................................................................................................................. 25

    9. Rapid Assessment of Existing Eco Tourism Destinations ...................................................................... 33

    10. Summary of Findings ........................................................................................................................... 56

    11. District Profiling and Selection .............................................................................................................. 59

    12. Pre-Feasibility Assessment .................................................................................................................. 64

    13. Final Sites Assessment ........................................................................................................................ 69

    14. Tourism Management and Development Plans ................................................................................... 74

    Annexure 1: Total Budget for Establishing the Community Based Eco-tourism Sites in CHAL and TAL .... 76

    Annexure 2: Ecotourism Initiatives in Nepal .............................................................................................. 77

    Annexure 3: Shortlisted 37 Community Based Tourism Sites .................................................................... 80

    Annexure 4: Questionnaire used for Pre-feasibility of Sites through Field Visits ........................................ 81

    Rapid Assessment: Existing Community Managed Eco-tourism Destinations .................................... 82

    Rapid Assessment: Questionnaire For Discussions With Community ................................................. 84

    Feasibility: New Community Managed Eco-tourism Destinations or Clusters ..................................... 85

    Questionnaire for Travel & Tour Operators ........................................................................................... 87

    Key Informant Interviews .................................................................................................................... 88

    User Group Questionnaire................................................................................................................... 89

    Women Group Questionnaire .............................................................................................................. 90

    Annexure 5: Scoring for Parameters .......................................................................................................... 91

    Annexure 6: Tourism Potential in Far Western Region of Nepal ................................................................ 92

    Annexure 7: List of Religious Sites in Panchase Lekh ............................................................................... 93

    Annexure 8: List of respondents ................................................................................................................ 94

    Annexure 9: Workshop Participants ........................................................................................................... 100

  • Rapid Assessment of the Pilot Sites in CHAL & TAL

    SECTION 1

    List of Abbreviations ACA Annapurna Conservation Area

    ACAP Annapurna Conservation Area Program

    AoA Article of Association

    BCF Baghmara Community Forest

    BCFUG Baghmara Community Forest User Group

    BDT Bangladesh Taka

    CAGR Compounded Annual Growth Rate

    CARE Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere

    CBET Community Based Ecotourism

    CBT Community Based Tourism

    CHAL Chitwan Annapurna Landscape

    CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

    CNP Chitwan National Park

    DNPWC Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation

    FECOFUN Federation of Community Forestry Users in Nepal

    FIT Free Independent Traveler

    GDP Gross Domestic Product

    GEF Global Environment Facility

    GoN Government of Nepal

    GTDMC Ghalegaon Tourism Development and Management Committee

    KCAP Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Project

    KCF Kumrose Community Forest

    KMTNC King Mahendra Trust for Natural Conservation

    MCAP Manaslu Conservation Area Program

    MoCTCA Ministry of Culture Tourism and Civil Aviation

    NCRTC Nepal Conservation research and Training Center

    NEF Nepal Economic Forum

    NRB Nepal Rastra Bank

    NTB Nepal Tourism Board

    NTNC National Trust for Nature Conservation

    NVR Nepal Village Resort

    OGT Organized Group Trekkers

    PATA Pacific Asia Travel Association

    SVTDMC Sirubari Village Tourism Development and Management Committee

    TAL Terai Arc Landscape

    TCU Tiger Conservation Unit

    TDMC Tourism Development and Management Committee

    UNDP United Nations Development Program

    USAID United States Agency for International Development

    WWF World Wildlife Fund

    i

  • ii

    Even though the country boasts of unique

    biodiversity, and numerous other specialties,

    we have really not been able to package

    them to derive benefits from tourism.

  • SECTION 1

    iii

    Executive Summary

    1.1. Overview The tourism industry of Nepal is focused on two major motivations: namely the Himalayas and the rich cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley. Because of this narrow focus, tourism has been centered primarily in Kathmandu and the cities, such as Pokhara and Chitwan. Even though Nepal boasts of unique biodiversity across the nation, it has not been able

    to package it in a way that derives ben- efits from tourism. One of the major reasons for this has been the low ben- efit margins compared to the high risk of developing such tourism packages. Even though the tourism industry is one of the major contributors to GDP, it has time and again been affected by the political turmoil of the country and a lack of commitment and sup-

    Executive Summary 01/

    port from the government. The tour- ism industry is viewed as a sector that has significant backward linkages and helps to improve the livelihood of the poor; however, this has not yet mate- rialized significantly in the context of Nepal, as major tourism benefits are retained by tourism entrepreneurs at the center. One of the major reasons for this is the lack of capital, techni

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