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  • A Glimpse of Nepal’s Foreign Trade

    (Statistical Presentation)

    Government of Nepal

    Ministry of Commerce

    Trade & Export Promotion Centre

    Pulchowk, Lalitpur

    October 2017

    Prepared by : Service Trade and Statistics Section

    Trade & Export Promotion Centre

    Pulchowk, Lalitpur

  • Value in '000 Rs.

    Direction F.Y 2007/08 % in F.Y 2008/09 % in F.Y 2009/10 % in F.Y 2010/11 % in F.Y 2011/12 % in F.Y 2012/13 % in F.Y 2013/14 % in F.Y 2014/15 % in F.Y 2015/16 % in F.Y 2016/17 % in

    Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total

    Exports

    India 38,555,700 65.9 43,574,482 63.5 39,902,811 65.5 42,868,108 66.4 50,933,222 68.7 51,788,460 67.0 59,458,375 65.1 55,859,253 64.5 39,695,134 55.8 41,500,844 56.8

    # China P.R. 944,489 1.6 2,151,783 3.1 1,380,274 2.2 925,478 1.4 1,241,186 1.7 2,533,710 3.3 3,318,240 3.6 2,592,914 3.0 2,502,839 3.5 2,037,229 2.8

    Others 18,974,170 32.5 22,870,587 33.4 19,666,518 32.3 20,768,858 32.2 21,914,652 29.6 23,028,540 29.8 28,584,421 31.3 28,188,295 32.5 28,939,690 40.7 29,587,278 40.5

    Total 58,474,359 100.0 68,596,852 100.0 60,949,603 100.0 64,562,444 100.0 74,089,060 100.0 77,350,709 100.0 91,361,036 100.0 86,640,462 100.0 71,137,663 100.0 73,125,351 100.0

    Imports

    India 142,376,500 60.1 165,119,002 56.7 214,261,109 57.0 259,162,277 65.2 321,346,419 64.5 397,957,920 66.2 482,345,300 66.7 500,044,484 63.7 487,597,307 62.4 646,019,017 65.5

    # China P.R. 23,433,205 9.9 34,465,791 11.9 43,445,613 11.6 46,629,754 11.7 53,126,367 10.7 68,454,731 11.4 78,747,122 10.9 101,101,161 12.9 118,258,898 15.1 133,188,148 13.5

    Others 71,220,571 30.0 91,416,151 31.4 117,899,148 31.4 91,743,911 23.1 123,688,289 24.8 134,794,873 22.4 161,684,366 22.4 183,435,610 23.4 175,289,756 22.5 206,744,161 21.0

    Total 237,030,276 100.0 291,000,944 100.0 375,605,870 100.0 397,535,942 100.0 498,161,074 100.0 601,207,525 100.0 722,776,788 100.0 784,581,255 100.0 781,145,961 100.0 985,951,326 100.0

    Trade Deficit

    India 103,820,800 121,544,520 174,358,298 216,294,169 270,413,196 346,169,460 422,886,925 444,185,231 447,902,173 604,518,173

    # China P.R. 22,488,716 32,314,008 42,065,339 45,704,277 51,885,181 65,921,022 75,428,883 98,508,247 115,756,059 131,150,919

    Others 52,246,401 68,545,564 98,232,630 70,975,053 101,773,636 111,766,333 133,099,945 155,247,315 146,350,066 177,156,883

    Total 178,555,917 222,404,092 314,656,267 332,973,498 424,072,014 523,856,815 631,415,752 697,940,793 710,008,298 912,825,975

    Source:- Nepal Rastra Bank and Trade & Export Promotion Centre

    # Includes trade with Hongkong, China and Macau, China

    Table 1

    FOREIGN TRADE COMPOSITION OF NEPAL

  • Value in '000 Rs.

    Fiscal Year Total Exports Annual Change Total Imports Annual Change Total Trade Annual

    Change

    Trade Deficit Annual

    Change

    % in % in % in % in

    Total Exports Total Imports Total Trade Trade Deficit

    1975/76 1,193,425 - 1,813,576 - 3,007,001 - 620,151 -

    1976/77 1,177,694 -1.3 1,950,949 7.6 3,128,643 4.0 773,255 24.7

    1977/78 1,125,944 -4.4 2,658,400 36.3 3,784,344 21.0 1,532,456 98.2

    1978/79 1,525,475 35.5 3,046,024 14.6 4,571,499 20.8 1,520,549 -0.8

    1979/80 1,325,337 -13.1 3,692,253 21.2 5,017,590 9.8 2,366,916 55.7

    1980/81 1,665,328 25.7 4,594,140 24.4 6,259,468 24.8 2,928,812 23.7

    1981/82 1,473,637 -11.5 4,806,419 4.6 6,280,056 0.3 3,332,782 13.8

    1982/83 1,144,606 -22.3 6,085,976 26.6 7,230,582 15.1 4,941,370 48.3

    1983/84 1,684,747 47.2 6,493,671 6.7 8,178,418 13.1 4,808,924 -2.7

    1984/85 2,749,285 63.2 7,907,638 21.8 10,656,923 30.3 5,158,353 7.3

    1985/86 3,099,351 12.7 9,371,461 18.5 12,470,812 17.0 6,272,110 21.6

    1986/87 3,004,284 -3.1 10,800,853 15.3 13,805,137 10.7 7,796,569 24.3

    1987/88 4,094,866 36.3 12,817,162 18.7 16,912,028 22.5 8,722,296 11.9

    1988/89 4,149,653 1.3 14,208,355 10.9 18,358,008 8.6 10,058,702 15.3

    1989/90 5,129,040 23.6 16,914,717 19.0 22,043,757 20.1 11,785,677 17.2

    1990/91 7,343,914 43.2 22,377,173 32.3 29,721,087 34.8 15,033,259 27.6

    1991/92 13,838,033 88.4 30,158,859 34.8 43,996,892 48.0 16,320,826 8.6

    1992/93 17,271,268 24.8 34,425,379 14.1 51,696,647 17.5 17,154,111 5.1

    1993/94 19,077,495 10.5 50,735,639 47.4 69,813,134 35.0 31,658,144 84.6

    1994/95 17,681,253 -7.3 63,324,840 24.8 81,006,093 16.0 45,643,587 44.2

    1995/96 19,758,388 11.7 75,896,306 19.9 95,654,694 18.1 56,137,918 23.0

    1996/97 22,861,951 15.7 92,874,671 22.4 115,736,622 21.0 70,012,720 24.7

    1997/98 27,402,244 19.9 88,894,771 -4.3 116,297,015 0.5 61,492,527 -12.2

    1998/99 35,826,572 30.7 92,314,090 3.8 128,140,662 10.2 56,487,518 -8.1

    1999/00 49,561,028 38.3 113,687,149 23.2 163,248,177 27.4 64,126,121 13.5

    2000/01 55,245,900 11.5 118,786,609 4.5 174,032,509 6.6 63,540,709 -0.9

    2001/02 47,386,788 -14.2 108,634,801 -8.5 156,021,589 -10.3 61,248,013 -3.6

    2002/03 50,011,122 5.5 128,228,134 18.0 178,239,256 14.2 78,217,012 27.7

    2003/04 53,949,414 7.9 135,840,335 5.9 189,789,749 6.5 81,890,921 4.7

    2004/05 58,443,821 8.3 148,294,229 9.2 206,738,050 8.9 89,850,408 9.7

    2005/06 59,776,874 2.3 160,677,924 8.4 220,454,798 6.6 100,901,050 12.3

    2006/07 58,927,097 -1.4 195,808,412 21.9 254,735,509 15.5 136,881,315 35.7

    2007/08 58,474,359 -0.8 237,030,276 21.1 295,504,635 16.0 178,555,917 30.4

    2008/09 68,596,852 17.3 291,000,944 22.8 359,597,796 21.7 222,404,092 24.6

    2009/10 60,949,603 -11.1 375,605,870 29.1 436,555,473 21.4 314,656,267 41.5

    2010/11 64,562,444 5.9 397,535,942 5.8 462,098,386 5.9 332,973,498 5.8

    2011/12 74,089,060 14.8 498,161,074 25.3 572,250,135 23.8 424,072,014 27.4

    2012/13 77,350,709 4.4 601,207,525 20.7 678,558,234 18.6 523,856,815 23.5

    2013/14 91,361,036 18.1 722,776,788 20.2 814,137,824 20.0 631,415,752 20.5

    2014/15 86,640,462 -5.2 784,581,255 8.6 871,221,717 7.0 697,940,793 10.5

    2015/16 71,137,663 -17.9 781,145,961 -0.4 852,283,624 -2.2 710,008,298 1.7

    2016/2017 73,125,351 2.8 985,951,326 26.2 1,059,076,677 24.3 912,825,975 28.6

    Table 2

    FOREIGN TRADE BALANCE OF NEPAL

  • Value in '000 Rs.

    F.Y. 2014/15 (2071/72)

    S.N Commodities Unit Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity Value

    F.Y. 2015/16 F.Y. 2016/17

    1 Woolen Carpet Sq.Mtr. 625,437 6,943,061 605,294 8,061,417 503,474 7,299,518 16.1 -9.5

    2 Readymade Garments Pcs. 12,843,729 5,287,982 13,319,723 5,884,597 12,317,336 5,303,109 11.3 -9.9

    3 Hides & Skins Sq.ft. 15,549,787 1,339,604 9,723,137 732,038 11,750,053 766,595 -45.4 4.7

    4 Lentils Kg. 9,881,288 1,257,962 7,611,840 1,290,528 6,688,350 1,031,929 2.6 -20.0

    5 Cardamom Kg. 2,930,339 3,839,811 3,438,353 4,614,612 3,429,302 3,875,750 20.2 -16.0

    6 Tea Kg. 11,142,480 2,006,877 13,289,066 2,400,120 11,745,003 2,502,765 19.6 4.3

    7 Ginger Kg. 24,548,657 464,921 28,351,823 643,086 4,499,956 243,388 38.3 -62.2

    8 Noodles, pasta and like 917,402 633,568 847,314 -30.9 33.7

    9 Medicinal Herbs 1,626,121 1,244,010 995,647 -23.5 -20.0

    10 Essential Oils Kg. 29,281 172,010 36,859 259,845 58,155 395,215 51.1 52.1

    11 Juices 4,789,266 3,181,850 5,094,500

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