a comprehensive piano pedagogy textbook - alfred music m. jacobson edited by e. l. lancaster and...

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  • Jeanine M. JacobsonEdited by E. L. Lancaster and Albert Mendoza

    Second Edition

    Alfred MusicLos Angeles

    A Comprehensive Piano Pedagogy Textbook

    Volume 1: Elementary Levels

  • CONTENTS

    Preface .....................................................................................................................iiiAcknowledgments ..................................................................................................... v

    CHAPTER 1: THE ART OF PROFESSIONAL PIANO TEACHING ....................................... 1Characteristics Common to All Professionals ....................................................... 1Characteristics of Professional Piano Teachers ...................................................... 2Developing a Teaching Philosophy ......................................................................... 7Helpful Questions for Developing a Personal Teaching Philosophy ..................... 9Professional Resources for Piano Teachers ........................................................... 13Summary ................................................................................................................ 14Projects for New Teachers ...................................................................................... 15Projects for Experienced Teachers ......................................................................... 15

    CHAPTER 2: PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING ............................................................................ 17From the Known to the Unknown ........................................................................ 17Discovery Learning and Rote Learning ................................................................ 18Prevention of Errors .............................................................................................. 21Applying Principles of Discovery Learning and Systematic Presentation .......... 24Correction of Errors .............................................................................................. 25Experience and Follow-Through .......................................................................... 26Good Learning Habits .......................................................................................... 26Trial and Error ....................................................................................................... 27Varied Activities ..................................................................................................... 28Simultaneous Achievement of Multiple Goals ..................................................... 28Individual Learning Styles ..................................................................................... 29Sound, Feel, Symbol, Name ................................................................................... 30Summary ................................................................................................................ 32Projects for New Teachers ...................................................................................... 33Projects for Experienced Teachers ......................................................................... 34

    vi

  • CHAPTER 3: BEGINNING METHODS .................................................................................. 35Note-Reading Approaches ..................................................................................... 35Counting Approaches ............................................................................................ 38Choosing a Beginning Method ............................................................................. 42Specific Criteria for Evaluating a Beginning Method .......................................... 44Methods for Special Age Groups ........................................................................... 55Teaching With or Without Printed Methods ........................................................ 56Summary ................................................................................................................ 57Projects for New Teachers ...................................................................................... 58Projects for Experienced Teachers ......................................................................... 59

    CHAPTER 4: TEACHING BEGINNERS AND ELEMENTARY STUDENTS ....................... 60 Concepts and Skills Covered in Early Instruction ................................................ 60Starting a Beginning Student ................................................................................ 82Common Problems of Beginners .......................................................................... 88First-Year Goals ...................................................................................................... 97Lesson Plans and Assignments .............................................................................. 98Summary .............................................................................................................. 116Projects for New Teachers .................................................................................... 117Projects for Experienced Teachers ....................................................................... 117

    CHAPTER 5: TEACHING RHYTHM AND READING ....................................................... 118 Teaching Rhythm ................................................................................................. 118Teaching Reading ................................................................................................. 129Summary .............................................................................................................. 139Projects for New Teachers .................................................................................... 141Projects for Experienced Teachers ....................................................................... 141

    CHAPTER 6: TEACHING TECHNIQUE AND MUSICAL SOUND DEVELOPMENT .... 142 The Natural Way to PlayGood Posture ........................................................... 142The Role of the Whole Arm ................................................................................ 144Appropriate Hand and Finger Positions ............................................................. 146

    vii

  • Moving Out of Hand Positions ........................................................................... 148The Role and Development of the Fingers ........................................................ 149Hand Independence ............................................................................................. 152Playing Scales ....................................................................................................... 153Other Technical Skills and Concepts................................................................... 155Musical Sound Development ............................................................................. 159Summary ............................................................................................................. 166Projects for New Teachers .................................................................................... 168Projects for Experienced Teachers ....................................................................... 168

    CHAPTER 7: ELEMENTARY PERFORMANCE AND STUDY REPERTOIRE ................... 169Knowing the Teaching Literature ........................................................................ 169Selecting and Evaluating Teaching Materials ...................................................... 173Determining the Difficulty of Pieces .................................................................. 179Organizing Pieces in the Proper Teaching Order ............................................... 185Preparing Piece Summaries ................................................................................ 187Lesson Planning ................................................................................................... 190Developing a Lesson Plan Using One Piano Solo .............................................. 193Presenting New Pieces ......................................................................................... 195Diagnosing Problems in Pieces ........................................................................... 196Working on Practiced Pieces ............................................................................... 197Coaching Pieces ................................................................................................... 198Assigning Homework .......................................................................................... 199Summary .............................................................................................................. 200Projects for New Teachers .................................................................................... 202Projects for Experienced Teachers ....................................................................... 203

    CHAPTER 8: DEVELOPING MUSICALITY IN ELEMENTARY STUDENTS ................... 204 The Role of Mood, Emotion and Character ....................................................... 204The Role of Aural Development ......................................................................... 207The Role of Music Literacy .................................................................................. 220The Role of Creative Activities ............................................................................ 222The Role of Ensemble Playing ............................................................................. 242Summary .............................................................................................................. 245Projects for New Teachers .......................................