A Brief Overview of Music History

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A Brief Overview of Music History. Musical Eras. The development of music, like art and literature, is usually broken down into spans of time that share similar qualities. In music, these are the Medieval era Renaissance era Baroque era Classical* era Romantic era 20 th Century, etc. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>A Brief Overview of Music History</p> <p>A Brief Overview of Music HistoryMusical ErasThe development of music, like art and literature, is usually broken down into spans of time that share similar qualities. In music, these are theMedieval eraRenaissance eraBaroque eraClassical* eraRomantic era20th Century, etcMedieval EraSpans from around the 3rd century to the 15th century.Used simple instruments stringed instruments, simple flutes, etcEmphasis on sacred musicMusical lines were often flowing and very horizontal in style.</p> <p>Renaissance EraGrowing desire to formalize the styles being written, and so order and form was valued. Most music was still written for the church, though secular works and styles were more common.Multiple voice compositions arose more commonly in sacred compositions within the church.Baroque EraMany of the forms established in the Renaissance were varied and expanded, with ornate embellishment and improvisation becoming much more prevalent. The complexity of the music being written increased significantly.J.S. Bach was the defining composer both secular and sacred music - chorales and fugues. His work deeply influenced many composers that came after him, even today.Classical EraIn reaction to the decadence of the Baroque era, Classical era composers favoured efficiency and form.Developments in instrument manufacturing allowed for greater virtuosity for the performers, which the composers took advantage of in their writing. Large ensembles typically numbered from 30-40 players.Classical Era contDuring this era, established guidelines for the large-scale works, including thesonata, concertosandsymphonies,were formed.Sonata-Allegroform, in particular, is one of the most influential developments of that era.Masters of these forms in that era include Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert and, near the end of the era, Ludwig Van Beethoven.</p>