7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School

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<ul><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 1/34</p><p>TEACHING ISLAMIN THE</p><p>PRIMARY SCHOOL</p><p>PRIMARYRELIGIOUS EDUCATION</p><p>SUPPORTMATERIALS</p><p>NUMBER 7</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 2/34</p><p>Very few of the ideas in this booklet are my own.They have come from a variety of sources over the years.</p><p>To all I am very grateful for their inspiration.</p><p>Wendy RidleyAdvisory Teacher</p><p>March 2007</p><p>2</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 3/34</p><p>ISLAMIC ARTEFACTS</p><p>Artefacts Topics</p><p>QUR'AN</p><p>The Muslim holy book revealed to ProphetMuhammad. It is wrapped in cloth, kept in a high</p><p> place with nothing put on top. It is not left open.</p><p>Hands are washed and head covered before touchingit. It is written in Arabic which is read from right toleft.</p><p>SPECIALBOOKSSACRED</p><p>WRITINGSPRAYER</p><p>QUR'ANSTAND (REHL)</p><p>A folding book stand made of wood and ornately handcarved; used to raise the Quran off the floor whenreading it.</p><p>WOODBOOKS</p><p>PRAYER MAT(JA-SAJJADA)</p><p>Used so the place of prayer is clean. The arch designis put down facing towards Makkah. The 2 buildingsoften portrayed on mats are the Ka'ba in Makkah andthe mosque in Madinah. The pillars represent the 5</p><p>Pillars of Islam. Includes a deliberate design error asa reminder that only Allah is perfect.</p><p>SPECIALPLACESHOMES</p><p>PRAYER</p><p>COMPASSUsed to find the direction of the Ka'ba so Makkah isfaced when praying. DIRECTIONS</p><p>PRAYERBEADS(SUBHA)</p><p>Used for recitation of prayers; the 99 or 33 beadsrepresent the 99 names of Allah.</p><p>HANDSPRAYER</p><p>PRAYER CAP(TOPI)</p><p>Worn by males when praying to keep the hair back. CLOTHESPRAYER</p><p>PICTURES OFKA'BA,MAKKAH, andMADINAH.</p><p>Pictorial aids to explain Hajj-one of the 5 Pillars ofIslam. Every Muslim tries to make a pilgrimage toMakkah.</p><p>PILGRIMAGESJOURNEYSSPECIALPLACES</p><p>EID CARDSEid-ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan.Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated at the end of Hajj to remind</p><p>people of Abraham's sacrifice.</p><p>FESTIVALSCELEBRATION</p><p>ALLAH'SNAME</p><p>Display as high as possible. CALLIGRAPHY</p><p>HADITH Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). BOOKSHOMES</p><p>PATTERNSandCALLIGRAPHY</p><p>For decoration patterns are used rather than pictorialrepresentation.</p><p>PATTERNSSIGNS andSYMBOLS</p><p>3</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 4/34</p><p>ISLAM</p><p>There are many Muslims in Britain over 1 million, mostly from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indiaand E. Africa. The first mosque was built in Surrey in 1889. World wide it is the fastest growingfaith, especially in Africa. There are about 1 billion Muslims mainly in N and W Africa, theMiddle East, SE-Europe and SE-Asia.</p><p>WHO WAS MUHAMMAD (P.B.U.H.)?</p><p>(As a sign of respect, after Muhammad's name is spoken devout Muslims say Peace be upon himwhich when written can beabbreviatedto pbuh. orsaw, the abbreviation for the Arabic.)</p><p>Born in 570 CE in Makkah, Muhammad (pbuh) was orphaned while young. He was brought upby his grand father and by his uncle. He didn't learn to read and write as he had to work - as ashepherd, then helping his uncle trading. Known for his honesty, kindness and wisdom, at the ageof 25 he married a wealthy widow Khadijah, for whom he worked. They were married for 15years and had 6 children - 2 died young. After her death he married 8 more times.</p><p>The people of Makkah believed in many Gods and worshipped idols. Muhammad (pbuh) believed</p><p>in one God and frequently went into the desert hills around Makkah to pray on his own. In 611CE, in the cave of Hira, he received the first revelation from God through the angel Gabriel.Revelations continued over the next 23 years. Initially Muhammad (pbuh) was alarmed by theexperience but was reassured by his wife. He preached in Makkah for 13 years but was not wellreceived by most Makkans.</p><p>In 622 CE at the invitation of the inhabitants of Madinah, Muhammad (pbuh) left Makkah (this isknown as the HIJRA) and established the first Muslim community - a city state with Arabs, Jewsand Christians. The Makkans repeatedly tried to attack Madinah. In 630 CE Muhammad (pbuh)took control of Makkah, smashed the idols in the Ka'ba and pardoned the Makkan leaders. Hedied in 632 CE.</p><p>Muslims believe: Muhammad (pbuh) was a human being, not a divine or semi-divine person. Most would not</p><p>describe him as the founder of Islam, that honour is reserved for God.</p><p> God gave messages to many prophets (25 in the Qur'an are the same as in the Bible e.g.Abraham (Ibrahim), Adam, David, Isaac (Ishak), Ishmael (Ismail), Jesus (Isa), John, Lot,Moses (Musa) and Noah) who all relayed the same message but people corrupted the earliermessages. Muhammad (pbuh) was the last and final prophet sent by God to humankind - afterhim no other prophet will come.</p><p>WHAT IS ISLAM?</p><p>The message Muhammad (pbuh) preached is not named after him. It is called Islam which isArabic for peace. Peace is attained through submission to the will of God after, or through, athorough examination of his teachings, as revealed by Muhammad (pbuh).</p><p>A follower of Muhammad (pbuh) is called a Muslim which means 'one who submits'. Islam is away of life based on submission and observance to Allah. It is about how to act, right from wrongand discipline. It entails 5 Pillars (internal duties or basic rules of practice) which are:</p><p>1. Shahadah 2. Salah 3. Zakah 4. Sawm 5. Hajj</p><p>4</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 5/34</p><p>1) SHAHADAH:isthe act of bearing witness to the unity of Allah and the affirmation that Muhammad (pbuh) washis messenger. A Muslim becomes a Muslim by declaring this Shahadah or formula of faith'There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger. The Arabic word Allah has nogender or plural form. Islam is strictly monotheistic and does not accept the Trinity.</p><p>2. SALAH:</p><p>is the advice to pray 5 times daily so Muslims are constantly reminded of God. Worship can be inthe home, work place, mosque, or street and follows a set pattern of actions and words in Arabiccalled RAKAH. Muslims face the Ka'ba in Makkah, which stands on the foundations of theoldest shrine of God and contains the Black Stone, given to Abraham by God.</p><p>Salah emphasises the important concept of community. Muslims prefer to worship together sothey back each other up in good actions. They say prayer is 27 times more powerful donetogether than alone. The communal prayer (JUM'A) day is Friday. The 5 daily mandatory ritual</p><p>prayers (RAK'AH) take about 10 minutes. FAJR is at dawn; ZUHR at midday; ASR in the lateafternoon; MAGHRIB after sunset; and ISHA in the late evening.</p><p>Salah teaches humility before God, hence the use of bowing, in lines shoulder to shoulder,</p><p>standing to attention with hands near to ears, to show one is listening to God and wants God tohear the prayer. Then bowing and prostrating (SUJUD) to show respect to God, going onto kneesand touching the forehead, nose, palms, knees, and toes to the earth twice.</p><p>Artefacts connected with Salah are:</p><p> prayer hats (HOPI/caps or DUPATTA/scarves) for covering the head;</p><p> mat (JA-SAJJADA) - because the place of prayer has to be clean;</p><p> compass to find the direction of Makkah which is faced during prayer;</p><p> prayer beads (SUBHAH) with 99 or 33 beads and reflecting Allah's 99 names.</p><p>WUDU is cleanliness of body before prayer. Muslims speak the name of God thenwash their hands 3x; rinse mouth 3x; nostrils 3x, wash face 3x; right arm from wrist to elbow then</p><p>left arm, hair and head; ears; neck; and finally the right and left feet 3x up to the ankles.</p><p>HAZZAN is the call for prayers broadcast from minarets by the Muezzin.</p><p>MOSQUE means place of prostrationand is the place where the worshipper bows before God.Shoes are removed as a sign of respect. The mosque is also a place to meet and often an IslamicCommunity Centre. The entire world is regarded as a mosque or a sign of God.</p><p>Mosques often have:</p><p> sinks or running water; a dome and a tower (minaret);</p><p> a Mihrab which is an alcove denoting the direction of prayer;</p><p> a Minbar which is a short flight of stairs with a platform at the top forthe Imam, leader of prayers, when he is addressing the congregation.</p><p>There are no:</p><p> Seats;</p><p> Pictures of heavenly or human beings because Muslims believe Allah created all things sopeople shouldn't copy or pray in front of sculptures as only Allah should be worshipped;</p><p> Priests the community is led by religious scholars; In some mosques there is no provision for women to worship as they are expected to pray at</p><p>home. In other mosques there is a gallery or separate area for women to pray in.</p><p>3. ZAKAH:issocial welfare or purification of wealth. If money remains after everyday expenses have been</p><p>met it is obligatory to give a proportion (2.5% of annual earnings) as charity. In some Muslimcountries it is part of the state tax. The money goes to the poor and needy. Equally all Muslims</p><p>5</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 6/34</p><p>should practice charity every day, helping others in any way they can-giving a smile, time etc.Muslims should give gifts to others as Allah has given gifts to them.</p><p>4. SAWM:is fasting during the 9th month Ramadan, the month of abstention. The emphasis is on self-control and exercising will power. Nothing is eaten or drunk between sunrise and sunset. Childrenunder twelve are exempt but many want to emulate their elders. Pregnant women, travellers and</p><p>the sick may postpone their fast till later.</p><p>During Ramadan Muslims try to be celibate; focus on their 5 daily prayers; read the Qur'an; dohonest business; and live in a way that demonstrates submission to God and concern for others.They are on high moral alert during Ramadan-no lying, cheating etc. and give to charity. They</p><p>break their fast with a finger of salt, water, and fruit. Ramadan ends after 29/30 days with thecelebration of EID-UL-FITR-with presents; new clothes, cards, etc.</p><p>5. HAJJ:ispilgrimage to Makkah. At least once in their life Muslims try to go toMakkah 2 months after Ramadan, during the special week ending withEID-UL-ADHA. There are 2 million pilgrims at any one time. Men</p><p>wear IHRAM-2 white unsewn cloths for the bottom and top part of thebody so whether rich or poor there is no distinction and they are onebefore God. There are obligatory rites for all pilgrims including walkinground the Ka'ba 7x to show obedience to God and the unity of worship of the Muslim community.Hajj literally means effort and involves surrendering one's whole being to God.</p><p>WHAT ARE THE BASIC BELIEFS OF ISLAM?</p><p>1. TAWHID-Belief in the absolute unity of One God, the Creator of the Universe, with no son, nopartners. Since God creates us all, we are all equal.</p><p>2. IBADA-Everything in life, if within the law of God, is worship.3. RISALAH-Belief in the prophet hood; 25 prophets are mentioned in the Quran. They believe</p><p>in the Sacred Books of God (the Torah, Psalms etc.), in the 10 Commandments and in theAngels of God.</p><p>4. AKHIRAH-Muslims don't believe this is the only life we are going to live; they believe in ahereafter which will be judged by God as to whether we have lived well. They believe in theDay of Judgement (QAYMAH).</p><p>WHAT ARE SOME DIFFERENCES IN BELIEF WITH CHRISTAINITY?</p><p>Muslims believe Jesus was an honoured Prophet, not the son of God. They accept his immaculateconception but the Quran denies his death on the cross and the resurrection so Easter andredemption through Christ are unacceptable to Muslims. So is the Trinity-Muslims believe God isone.</p><p>In the creation story Islam rejects the idea of original sin believing each individual to beresponsible for his or her own salvation. Muslims dont have Eve tempting Adam, there is nosnake and its is a fig not an apple that gets eaten. Humanity has power because of being made inthe image of God and naming everything.</p><p>6</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 7 Teaching Islam in the Primary School</p><p> 7/34</p><p>HOW MIGHT ISLAM AFFECT DAILY LIFE?</p><p>Food:Muslims should only eat Halal - meaning lawful or allowed food. No flesh of pig (pork,</p><p> bacon, lard, ham) or carnivorous animal should be eaten. Lamb and beef should be killedaccording to Islamic law so that the blood drains from the body. They shouldn't consume alcoholor drugs such as cannabis or cocaine.</p><p>Clothes:There are no specific Muslim clothes - it depends on the culture, country, family, andgeneration. The Qur'an tells Muslims to dress and behave modestly - to cover their</p><p>bodies - men from the waist to knee and women from head to feet except for handsand face. Most British Muslims are from Pakistan and Bangladesh so many wearshalwar kameez (loose trousers drawn in tightly at the ankle and a loose shirt). Headsare covered for prayer.</p><p>Calendars:The Muslim calendar is a lunar one in which the beginning of the month is determined by seeingthe new moon. So the Muslim year is about 11 days shorter than the Gregorian year based on the</p><p>sun. If Ramadan occurs during the summer, 16 years later it will occur during the cool season.There are differences as to whether the moon has been properly sighted so Muslim communitiesmay celebrate Eid on different days. Muslims count the lunar years from the year in whichMuhammad (pbuh) migrated from Makkah to Madinah (622 CE).</p><p>Islamic groups:Usually Asians from a Pakistani or Bangladeshi background will be Muslims. In Britain there are3 main groups - Sunni, Shii and Ahmadiyya. All hold to the absolute word of the Quran buthave different practices at festivals.</p><p> 90% of Muslims are Sunnis who rely upon the religious community and scholars.</p><p> Shiites, mainly from Iran, follow living Imams whom they feel can't make mistakes.</p><p>The Ahmadiyya Muslim community is quite large in Britain after persecution in Pakistan - itsheadquarters are in London. It was started by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad from India, who claimedin the 19th century to have received a revelation from God that he was the Messiah. OtherMuslim groups reject his writings. Their mosques are the same as other mosques and theyshare Muslims beliefs and undertake all obligations.</p><p>HOW ARE RITES OF PASSAGE CELEBRATED IN ISLAM?</p><p>Birth:A child is believed to be a blessing from Allah and born in a state without sin when</p><p>body, mind, and soul are in harmony so there is no need for baptism. The baby isbathed then the ADHAN (call to prayer), which summarises Muslim belief, are the</p><p>first words the baby should hear. They are whispered, usually by the father, in thebabys right ear, then the IQAMAT (command to worship) is whispered in the left ear.The purpose is to drive away evil and to introduce the child to worship. In somecountries honey is put on the babies tongue to ensure that when it hears prayers it will be happy.</p><p>On the seventh day the baby's head is shaved (to remove uncleanness associated with birth and toencourage thicker hair), money is given to the poor equal in weight to the hair, and it is named,often by the grandfather. Male circumcision may be practised.</p><p>The chosen name is often one of the 99 names attributed to Allah. For boys - Muhammad, Ismail,Isa, Jameel, and Imran are popular; for girls - Nadia, Sofiya, Mariam, Aateka and Safoora.</p><p>Bismallah Ceremony:At the age of 4 years, 4 months and 4 days this ceremony signifies the beginning of religioustraining. The child is taught the correct way t...</p></li></ul>

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