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  • 5G Americas - Spectrum Landscapes for Mobile Services

    1

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 3

    1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................ 3

    2 Spectrum Needs of 5G Applications .......................................................................................................... 4

    2.1 Application-based approach ............................................................................................................... 5

    2.2 Technical performance-based approach ............................................................................................ 8

    2.3 Suitable Spectrum for 5G Applications ................................................................................................ 9

    3 Spectrum Landscape for Mobile Services ............................................................................................... 12

    3.1 Spectrum Below 6GHz ...................................................................................................................... 12

    3.2 Spectrum Frontiers >6GHz ................................................................................................................ 19

    3.3 Characteristics, incumbents and issues of each band Above 6GHz ................................................ 19

    3.3.1 Mid-Band spectrum (3.7-24 GHz) ............................................................................................... 19

    3.3.2 3.7- 4.2 GHz Band ...................................................................................................................... 19

    3.3.3 5.925 - 6.425 GHz Band ............................................................................................................. 20

    3.3.4 6.425 7.125 GHz Band ............................................................................................................ 21

    3.3.5 28 GHz Band (27.5-28.35 GHz) ................................................................................................. 21

    3.3.6 39 GHz Band (38.6-40 GHz) ...................................................................................................... 23

    3.3.7 37 GHz Band (37-38.6 GHz) ...................................................................................................... 23

    3.3.8 64-71 GHz Band ......................................................................................................................... 24

    4 Necessary Actions: Regulatory, Standards, Industry, etc. ....................................................................... 27

    4.1 Equipment Authorization ................................................................................................................ 27

    4.2 3GPP Specifications ...................................................................................................................... 27

    5 International Spectrum Harmonization ..................................................................................................... 28

    6 5G Spectrum Across Different Regions ................................................................................................... 28

    6.1 Region 1 ............................................................................................................................................ 28

    6.1.1 France ......................................................................................................................................... 28

    6.1.2 Germany ..................................................................................................................................... 29

    6.1.3 Ireland ......................................................................................................................................... 29

  • 5G Americas - Spectrum Landscapes for Mobile Services

    2

    6.1.4 United Kingdom .......................................................................................................................... 29

    6.1.5 The Radio Spectrum Policy Group ............................................................................................. 29

    6.2 Region 2 ............................................................................................................................................ 30

    6.2.1 U.S. ............................................................................................................................................. 30

    6.2.2 Canada ....................................................................................................................................... 30

    6.3 Region 3 ............................................................................................................................................ 30

    6.3.1 China ........................................................................................................................................... 30

    6.3.2 Japan .......................................................................................................................................... 31

    6.3.3 South Korea ................................................................................................................................ 31

    6.3.4 Australia ...................................................................................................................................... 31

    7 Opportunities for Harmonization .............................................................................................................. 32

    8 Necessary Actions.................................................................................................................................... 32

    9 Conclusion and Recommendations ......................................................................................................... 33

    Appendix ..................................................................................................................................................... 34

    Acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................................... 41

  • 5G Americas - Spectrum Landscapes for Mobile Services

    3

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Spectrum continues the be resource that is in the greatest demand to meet the voracious needs of a data-hungry mobile public. Exponential growth in mobile data demand, in conjunction with the spectrum needs of upcoming bandwidth-intensive applications envisioned for 5G, necessitate the availability of newly licensed spectrum pools.

    This paper reviews the potential spectrum resources below and above 6 GHz and notes that the allocated licensed and unlicensed spectrum below 6 GHz are currently being used for 4G and other broadband applications. This spectrum will not be repurposed for 5G for many years to come. Its important that other licensed spectrum below 6 GHz be made available for 5G applications within the next couple of years. Additionally, examination of the potential spectrum bands across all bands shows that all spectrum is suitable for 5G applications and that action is needed now to ensure that adequate spectrum resources are made available to meet the demands of connected consumers.

    Furthermore, studying the bands below and above 6 GHz shows that almost all new spectrum resources that have a potential to be used for 5G services are encumbered. These spectrum resources are mainly shared spectrum that require clearing and/or development of sharing mechanisms. This leads to the need for regulators and government agencies to take immediate actions in making sure that a reasonable amount of licensed spectrum, preferably with a good chance of global harmonization, becomes available for initial 5G deployments.

    1 INTRODUCTION

    With the advent and popularity of the smartphone, mobile data usage has been steadily increasing year over year, a trend thats unlikely to subside anytime soon. Although technology continues to advance to improve spectrum efficiency, it wont be enough to reduce the need for additional spectrum. Ideally, most of the new spectrum should be in licensed bands, with additional unlicensed spectrum used to offload traffic from licensed bands.

    With 5G targeting improvements across three fronts, enhanced mobile broadband, massive-scale connectivity, and ultra-reliable low latency service, there will be different spectrum needs than previous generations of cellular technology. The ever-growing need for use of wireless applications everywhere and the need for higher throughputs, drives the need for not only higher swaths of spectrum, but, also the spectrum that has reasonable propagation characteristic that allows wide area use. mmWave bands provide an excellent resource for large swaths of spectrum, but generally, are not considered as suitable for wide area coverage. To meet the projected data demand and requirements for all use cases cellular operators will need both breadth of spectrum assets across all these type of bands and depth of spectrum assets within bands.

    Spectrum sharing is another opportunity. Incumbents that dont utilize their spectrum very often in both the temporal or geographical domain could share those channels with mobile services when the incumbent is not operating. Future spectrum should be allocated in bands where it can provide the most benefit to wireless consumers.

    The paper explores th

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