36. what is a militia? militia – a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community

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  • 36. What is a MILITIA?
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  • MILITIA a force of armed civilians pledged to defend their community
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  • 37. What job did the MINUTEMEN have?
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  • The MINUTEMEN were trained to be ready to act at a minutes notice
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  • 38. How did the British respond to the Boston Tea Party?
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  • The British responded to the Boston Tea Party by enacting the INTOLERABLE ACTS
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  • 39. What was accomplished at the FIRST CONTINENTIAL CONGRESS?
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  • At the FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS they voted to ban all trade with England and began training troops in case of war
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  • 40. How was the First Continental Congress important to the future of the colonies?
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  • THE FIRST CONTINENTIAL CONGRESS
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  • The First Continental Congress was important because it planted the seed for a future democratic government
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  • 41. How did the colonists respond to the Intolerable Acts?
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  • The colonists hoped more boycotts of English goods would solve the problems of the Intolerable Acts
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  • 42. What did the British plan to do in Lexington and Concord as they marched April 18, 1775?
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  • The British wanted to: 1)Capture the ammunition stored by the minutemen 2)Arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock
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  • 43. How did the colonists get information on the movement of British troops?
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  • If colonists saw a single lantern in the North Church steeple then the British troops were coming by land
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  • If colonists saw two lanterns in the North Church steeple then the British troops were coming by sea
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  • Several riders, including Paul Revere, ride through the small towns alerting colonists the British army is on the move
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  • 44. Who had the numbers advantage in the Battle of Lexington?
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  • The British had about 700 soldiers The colonists had about 70 men
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  • 45. Who fired the first shot at Lexington?
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  • It is still unclear which side fired the first shot at Lexington
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  • THE GREEN AT LEXINGTON
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  • 46. How many colonial militiamen were killed in this first battle?
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  • A total of 8 militiamen were killed in Lexington at the first battle
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  • 47. Describe the march back to Boston for the British soldiers?
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  • As the British marched back to Boston they were shot at by hiding colonists Many British soldiers were killed marching back to Boston
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  • THE RETREAT BACK TO BOSTON
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  • 48. Name the two towns in which the battles of the Revolutionary War started?
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  • LEXINGTON and CONCORD Both in Massachusetts
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  • 49. What famous quote did Ralph Waldo Emerson make about the first battle?
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  • Ralph Waldo Emerson called it the shot heard round the world
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  • The fact the colonists had started the war with the British was news around the world
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  • 50. Describe a PATRIOT:
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  • PATRIOT a colonial person that supported the war against the British and wanted independence
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  • 51. Describe a LOYALIST:
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  • LOYALIST a colonial person that supported the British in the war against the colonist They remained loyal to the king
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