3. research methodology

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<ul><li> 1. PROPOSAL PRESENTATIONGROUP 3</li></ul> <p> 2. KNOWLEDGE REGARDING PREVENTION OF COMPLICATIONS AMONG HYPERTENSIVE CLIENTS IN EASTERN REGION OF NEPAL: A HOSPITAL BASED STUDY. 3. Hypertension is the commonest cardiovascular disorder and now regarded as major public health problem .It is a precursor to major diseases like Myocardial Infraction , Stroke and kidney disease.Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated.High blood pressure is defined as if blood pressure is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg. 4. According to global health observatory the overall prevalence of raised blood pressure is 40% in adults aged 25years and over in 2008 globally. In United State adults the prevalence of hypertension of aged 18 and over was 28.6% in 20092010. In Nepal the prevalence of hypertension is 26.6% in aged 25yrs according to world health statistics 2012. 5. A study done by Adri B. on knowledge of the hypertensive person regarding prevention strategies for coronary heart disease in South Africa Shows only16 out of 46 respondents achieved a percentage on or above the competency indicator of 50%. The majority of the respondents level of knowledge regarding hypertension and cardiovascular risk factors is below the competency indicator. 6. To assess the Knowledge regarding prevention of complication of hypertension provide a basis to educate and aware the public regarding preventing measures of complications. This play a significant role to reduce the death caused by complications of hypertension. 7. Hypertension is one of the most crucial health problem and the most common chronic disease in developed and underdeveloped countries. Hypertension is a preventable and treatable condition but with out treatment it leads to serious and life threatening complications such as heart, kidney , and brain disorders which in most cases results in patients disability. 8. Prevention of complication plays significant role in controlling this disease which by increasing the knowledge and awareness of the public regarding hypertension. 9. These diseases are potentially the cause of a patient to admit in a critical care unit.This study find out the gap of knowledge regarding the subject which helps in the modification of prevention strategies to aware their risk factor. 10. B. Oluranti Familoni; S. Abayomi Ogun, and A. Olutoyin Aina, conducted a study on knowledge and awareness of hypertension among patients with systemic hypertension the. There were 254 hypertensive patients were included in the study. The result shows that 52.4% of the participants were aware that hypertension was the commonest non communicable disease in Nigeria. About one in 10 patients (11.4%) was aware that "nil symptom" is the commonest symptom of hypertension, while 37% were not aware that hypertension could cause renal failure. 11. Line A., Pascal B, Jean P. G., Anne R., Bernard W. and Fred P. conducted study on knowledge, attitudes, and practices on hypertension in a country in epidemiological transition. The study was done in total 1067 sample aged 25 to 64 years from the Seychelles Islands. The result shows the age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was 36% in men and 25% in women aged 25 to 64 years. Among hypertensive persons, 50% were aware of the condition, 34% were treated, and 10% had controlled BP (ie, BP ,160/95 mm Hg). 12. To assess the knowledge regarding prevention of complications of hypertension among hypertensive clients attending medical out patient department in Eastern region of Nepal.To assess the association between knowledge regarding prevention of complications of hypertension with selected demographic variables. 13. There is no relationship between knowledge regarding prevention of complications of hypertension with selected demographic variables. 14. Knowledge: Knowledge is defined as knowing what is known of a person, thing, fact or subject. It is a persons range of information and includes specific knowledge about a subject.Complications: Any disorders resulting from high blood pressure ie: coronary heart disease, renal disease, Stroke, congestive heart failure, Myocardial Infarction, Aneurism, Dementia. 15. Hypertension:High blood pressure is defined as if blood pressure is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg. Hypertensiveclient: Client who is already diagnosed and currently on the treatment of the disease. 16. Dependent variable : Knowledge Independent variables: Education Occupation Socio-economic status Gender Family history of hypertension Accessibility to information Age 17. Knowledge Knowledge will be scored according to the correct response of the respondents. The correct response will be computed into percentage. It will be ordered in four categories: Low level</p>

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