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  • 1. William WordsworthBenjamin Robert Haydon, William Wordsworth, 1842,London, National Portrait Gallery.

2. William Wordsworth2. Life Born in Cockermouth inCumberland in 1770. His father, a lawyer, taughthim poetry and allowedhim access to his library. 1791: B. A. Degree at StJohns College,Cambridge. Wordsworths House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions 3. William Wordsworth2. Life In 1791 he travelled toRevolutionary Franceand was fascinated by theRepublican movement. In 1792 he had adaughter, Caroline, from aFrench aristocraticwoman, Annette Vallon.Wordsworths House in Cockermouth, CumberlandOnly Connect ... New Directions 4. William Wordsworth2. Life The Reign of Terror ledhim to become estrangedto the Republic, and thewar between Englandand France caused him toreturn to England. Wordsworths House in Cockermouth, Cumberland Only Connect ... New Directions 5. William Wordsworth 2. Life In 1795 he developed aclose friendship withSamuel Taylor Coleridge,with whom he collaboratedin the 1797-1799 period towrite Lyrical Ballads. In 1843 he became thePoet Laureate. He died in 1850.Wordsworths House in Cockermouth, CumberlandOnly Connect ... New Directions 6. William Wordsworth3. Main worksLyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems (1798).Lyrical Ballads, with Other Poems (1800). This edition contains the famous Preface, the Manifesto of English Romanticism.Poems, in Two Volumes (1807).The Excursion (1814).The Prelude (1850). William Wordsworth, Shreveport, James Smith Noel CollectionOnly Connect ... New Directions 7. William Wordsworth 4. The object of poetryFrom the Preface to Lyrical BalladsThe principal object [] was to choose incidentsand situations from common life [] to makethese incidents and situations interesting bytracing in them [] the primary laws of ournature. Only Connect ... New Directions 8. William Wordsworth 5. The language of poetryFrom the Preface to Lyrical BalladsThe language [] of these men is adopted []because such men hourly communicate withthe best objects from which the best part oflanguage is originally derived.[] and because, being less under theinfluence of social vanity, they convey theirfeelings and notionsin simpleandunelaborated expressions. Only Connect ... New Directions 9. William Wordsworth 6. Who is the poet?From the Preface to Lyrical BalladsWhat is a poet? [] He is a man speaking tomen: a man [] endued with more livelysensibility who has a greater knowledge ofhuman nature, and a more comprehensive soul,than are supposed to be common amongmankind. Only Connect ... New Directions 10. William Wordsworth 7. What is poetry?From the Preface to Lyrical BalladsPoetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings:it takes its origins from emotion recollected in tranquillity:the emotion is contemplated till by a species of reactionthe tranquillity gradually disappears, and an emotion, kindred to that which was before the subject ofcontemplation, is gradually produced, and does itself actually exist in the mind. Only Connect ... New Directions 11. William Wordsworth 8. Poetic compositionFrom the Preface to Lyrical BalladsIn this mood successful composition generally begins,and in a mood similar to this it is carried on; but theemotion () from various causes is qualified by variouspleasures, so that in describing any passions whatsoever,which are voluntarily described, the mind will upon thewhole be in a state of enjoyment.Only Connect ... New Directions 12. William Wordsworth9. The poetic process Sensory Poet experience Emotion Object EmotionMemory =Recollection In Tranquillity Reader Kindred Poem emotion Only Connect ... New Directions 13. William Wordsworth10. Man and nature Man and nature areinseparable. Pantheistic view ofnature: it is the seat of thespirit of the universe. Nature comforts man insorrow, it is a source of John Constable, The White Horse, 1819,New York, The Frick Collection.joy and pleasure, itteaches man to love, toact in a moral way.Only Connect ... New Directions 14. William Wordsworth 11. The senses and memory Wordsworth exploited the sensibility of the eye and ear to perceive the beauty of nature. He believed that the moral character develops during childhood influence of David Hartley (1705-1757).William Hawell, Waterfall at Ambleside seen through a window, 1807, Wordsworth Trust.Only Connect ... New Directions 15. William Wordsworth 11. The senses and memory The sensations caused byphysical experience lead tosimple thoughts. These simple thoughts latercombine into complex andorganised ideas. Memory is a major force in theThe Chancel and Crossing of Tintern Abbey, Looking towardsprocess of growth.the East Window by J. M. V. Turner, 1794.Only Connect ... New Directions 16. William Wordsworth 12. The poets task The poet = a teacher Shows men how to understand their feelings and improvetheir moral being. Draws attention to the ordinary things of life where thedeepest emotions are to be found. Only Connect ... New Directions 17. William Wordsworth 13. Wordsworths style Abandoned 18th-century poetic diction. Almost always used blank verse. Proved skilful at verseView of Buttermere, Crummock Water and the surrounding forms such as sonnets,Fells from Fleetwith Pike in the English Lake District odes, ballads and lyrics.Only Connect ... New Directions