2014 defensive driving - final 06 14 [read-only] events/...– run off the road ... “road rage ”...
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Understand defensive driving techniques
Increase awareness of safe driving behaviors
Provide insight into identifying and anticipating hazards encountered while driving
Why Defensive Driving?
NHSTA 2012 statistics Traffic Safety Facts, September 2012Distraction.gov
Animals on roadway
U.S. Traffic Fatality Rate
2012 U.S. Data 33,561 fatalities 1.13 fatality rate
2011 32,479 (lowest number of fatalities since 1949)
2011 - National Average was 1.10 (Lowest in 35 years)
Colorado Traffic Fatalities
2013 481 people died on state roadways
2011 447 people killed (lowest in over 30 years)
2002 743 traffic related deaths (highest)
2011 Colorado Fatalities 30% of all traffic fatalities
involved an alcohol impaired driver
33% of vehicle occupants killed were not wearing a seat belt
What is Defensive Driving?
Driving to save lives, time and money in spite of the surrounding conditions and the actions of others
The ability to recognize a hazard, understand the defense, and act correctly in time
Before You Drive
Follow vehicle maintenance schedule
Visual check of vehicle
3 Second Plus Rule
3 seconds distance One thousand - one One thousand - two One thousand - three
For each adverse condition, add one more second to your following distance
Defensive driving technique:
It is recommended that you check your mirrors every 3 5 seconds
Hazards Sideswiped Run off the road Head-on collision
Defensive Driving Signal Check blind spots Safe zone Distance
Rural and interstate driving
City and urban driving
Intersections and parking lots
Busy intersection photo
35 mph25 mph15 mph
A contributing factor in 30% of all fatal crashes
The #1 unsafe driving behavior that contributes tocollisions and violations
For every 10 mph faster over 50 mph, the fatality rate doubles
Is Speeding Worth It?Speed Time to go 10
MilesTime Saved Risk of Death*
50 mph 12 minutes
55 mph 10 minutes 54 sec
1 minute6 sec
60 mph 10 minutes 2 minutes 2X
70 mph 8 minutes 34 sec 3 minutes 26 seconds
*National Highway Transportation Safety Administration estimates
Condition of brakes
Condition of tires
Decide now how you will react to
Wildlife darting out from trees
A pet running out from between vehicles
Livestock running onto road from brush
Road Rage Road rage is DUI of
Causes: Traffic congestion Weavers Distracted drivers Indignation at other
drivers who break traffic rules
Feeling endangered by someone elses driving
Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
In 2012, 10,322 fatalities occurred in alcohol-related crashes (31% of total traffic fatalities for the year).
Sobering facts: About two in every five Americans will be involved in an alcohol-
related traffic accident at some time in their lives Remember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (your body
takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol) The legal blood alcohol content (BAC) in Colorado is 0.08
Distracted driving is any activity that could divert a person's attention away from the primary task of driving
All distractions endanger driver, passenger and bystander safety
Distracted Driving The odds of being in a crash while texting are 23
times higher than when you are driving without distraction.
National Safety Council estimates that each year, at least 1.6 million crashes (28 percent) are caused by drivers using cell phones and/or texting.
It is estimated that 3,328 distracted driving fatalities occur each year.
What can be done to reduce or prevent distracted driving?
State of Colorado House Bill 1094 Effective December 1, 2009 Prohibits any person under 18 years of age to use a wireless
telephone while operating a motor vehicle Prohibits any person over 18 years of age to use a wireless
telephone for the purpose of engaging in text messaging or other similar forms of data entry or transmission while operating a motor vehicle
Allows anyone to use a wireless telephone for contacting a public safety entity or in an emergency
In order to perform manual data entry and transmission such as text messaging, the motor vehicle must be pulled over to the shoulder or in a parking space with the vehicle placed in park
You have a 50% better chance of surviving a serious crash without injuries when you wear a seat belt
Your chances of surviving a serious crash are increased by 45% when you wear a seat belt
Seat beltsProtect protect you by absorbing the force of a crash.
Control .help you stay in control of your vehicle by keeping you in your seat.
Survive increase your chance of surviving a crash by more than 50%.
Occupant Protection Systems
Seat Belt Use in U.S.
National: 87% Colorado: 82% Arizona: 95%
Of the passenger vehicle occupants who died in 2012, 43% were unbelted
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, if Colorado increased its seat belt use to 90%, an additional 32 lives would be saved each year, and the state would save $111 million a year
Decline in National Fatality Rates
Due to Roadway guardrails, barriers and grooves Driver awareness campaigns (Click it or
Ticket, Take Two) Child safety seats Anti-lock brakes Air bags Safety cages
Drive Smart, Drive Safe!Thank you for your time