2014 defensive driving - final 06 14 [read-only] events/...– run off the road ... “road rage ”...

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  • Defensive Driving

  • Objectives

    Understand defensive driving techniques

    Increase awareness of safe driving behaviors

    Provide insight into identifying and anticipating hazards encountered while driving

  • Why Defensive Driving?

    NHSTA 2012 statistics Traffic Safety Facts, September 2012Distraction.gov

    Animals on roadway

  • U.S. Traffic Fatality Rate

    2012 U.S. Data 33,561 fatalities 1.13 fatality rate

    2011 32,479 (lowest number of fatalities since 1949)

    2011 - National Average was 1.10 (Lowest in 35 years)

  • Colorado Traffic Fatalities

    2013 481 people died on state roadways

    2011 447 people killed (lowest in over 30 years)

    2002 743 traffic related deaths (highest)

    2011 Colorado Fatalities 30% of all traffic fatalities

    involved an alcohol impaired driver

    33% of vehicle occupants killed were not wearing a seat belt

  • What is Defensive Driving?

    Driving to save lives, time and money in spite of the surrounding conditions and the actions of others

    The ability to recognize a hazard, understand the defense, and act correctly in time

  • Before You Drive

    Follow vehicle maintenance schedule

    Visual check of vehicle

    Adjustments

  • 3 Second Plus Rule

    3 seconds distance One thousand - one One thousand - two One thousand - three

    For each adverse condition, add one more second to your following distance

  • Mirrors

    Defensive driving technique:

    It is recommended that you check your mirrors every 3 5 seconds

  • Passing

    Hazards Sideswiped Run off the road Head-on collision

    Defensive Driving Signal Check blind spots Safe zone Distance

  • Danger Zones

    Blind spots

    Turning diameter

    Stopping distances

  • Driving Hazards

    Rural and interstate driving

    City and urban driving

    Residential driving

    Intersections and parking lots

    Night driving

    Environmental hazards

  • Urban Scanning

    Busy intersection photo

  • Hydroplaning

    35 mph25 mph15 mph

  • Speeding

    A contributing factor in 30% of all fatal crashes

    The #1 unsafe driving behavior that contributes tocollisions and violations

    For every 10 mph faster over 50 mph, the fatality rate doubles

  • Is Speeding Worth It?Speed Time to go 10

    MilesTime Saved Risk of Death*

    50 mph 12 minutes

    55 mph 10 minutes 54 sec

    1 minute6 sec

    1.5X

    60 mph 10 minutes 2 minutes 2X

    70 mph 8 minutes 34 sec 3 minutes 26 seconds

    4X

    *National Highway Transportation Safety Administration estimates

  • Braking Distances

  • Braking Distances

    Depend on:

    Speed

    Vehicle weight

    Condition of brakes

    Condition of tires

    Road surface

    Road conditions

  • Animals

    Decide now how you will react to

    Wildlife darting out from trees

    A pet running out from between vehicles

    Livestock running onto road from brush

  • Road Rage Road rage is DUI of

    anger

    Causes: Traffic congestion Weavers Distracted drivers Indignation at other

    drivers who break traffic rules

    Feeling endangered by someone elses driving

  • Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

    In 2012, 10,322 fatalities occurred in alcohol-related crashes (31% of total traffic fatalities for the year).

    Sobering facts: About two in every five Americans will be involved in an alcohol-

    related traffic accident at some time in their lives Remember the one-one rule: one drink per hour (your body

    takes about an hour to rid itself of each 1/2 ounce of alcohol) The legal blood alcohol content (BAC) in Colorado is 0.08

  • Distracted Driving

    Distracted driving is any activity that could divert a person's attention away from the primary task of driving

    All distractions endanger driver, passenger and bystander safety

  • Distracted Driving The odds of being in a crash while texting are 23

    times higher than when you are driving without distraction.

    National Safety Council estimates that each year, at least 1.6 million crashes (28 percent) are caused by drivers using cell phones and/or texting.

    It is estimated that 3,328 distracted driving fatalities occur each year.

    What can be done to reduce or prevent distracted driving?

  • State of Colorado House Bill 1094 Effective December 1, 2009 Prohibits any person under 18 years of age to use a wireless

    telephone while operating a motor vehicle Prohibits any person over 18 years of age to use a wireless

    telephone for the purpose of engaging in text messaging or other similar forms of data entry or transmission while operating a motor vehicle

    Allows anyone to use a wireless telephone for contacting a public safety entity or in an emergency

    In order to perform manual data entry and transmission such as text messaging, the motor vehicle must be pulled over to the shoulder or in a parking space with the vehicle placed in park

  • Seat Belts

    You have a 50% better chance of surviving a serious crash without injuries when you wear a seat belt

    Your chances of surviving a serious crash are increased by 45% when you wear a seat belt

  • Seat beltsProtect protect you by absorbing the force of a crash.

    Control .help you stay in control of your vehicle by keeping you in your seat.

    Survive increase your chance of surviving a crash by more than 50%.

  • Occupant Protection Systems

  • Seat Belt Use in U.S.

    National: 87% Colorado: 82% Arizona: 95%

    Of the passenger vehicle occupants who died in 2012, 43% were unbelted

    According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, if Colorado increased its seat belt use to 90%, an additional 32 lives would be saved each year, and the state would save $111 million a year

  • Decline in National Fatality Rates

    Due to Roadway guardrails, barriers and grooves Driver awareness campaigns (Click it or

    Ticket, Take Two) Child safety seats Anti-lock brakes Air bags Safety cages

  • Questions?

    Drive Smart, Drive Safe!Thank you for your time

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